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Fig. 4 | Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation

Fig. 4

From: Neurophysiological validation of simultaneous intrinsic and reflexive joint impedance estimates

Fig. 4

Time series of measured and processed signals, typical example for a single representative participant. (Left) Four consecutive dorsiflexion perturbations with perturbation onset (grey-dashed vertical lines). The response to the position perturbations are shown for the high-pass filtered, rectified EMG of Triceps Surae (TS) and TA as well as measured ankle joint torque. (Right) Two consecutive 60s hold periods (grey background) with transition period. 2D feedback was provided on torque and intrinsic stiffness. The time series show the voluntary modulation of the low-pass filtered torque and active torque target (red), intrinsic stiffness K, background SOL EMG activity, reflexive gain G and reflexive SOL EMG activity. The PC algorithm parameters K and G were computed continuously, while the EMG activity computations were performed around every perturbation onset

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