Skip to main content

Table 1 Overview of training and prediction times

From: Activities of daily living with bionic arm improved by combination training and latching filter in prosthesis control comparison

  Algorithm training Testing
  Phase one Phase two  
  Individual Combination Combination  
Decoder component Mean ± SD (s) Mean ± SD (s) Mean ± SD (s) Mean ± SD (ms)
mKF    0.68 ± 0.04    0.71 ± 0.05     2.68 ± 0.87 0.619 ± 0.192
MLP  45.43 ± 5.15  49.32 ± 8.61 192.83 ± 6.24 1.388 ± 0.151
CNN 155.97 ± 29.25 114.11 ± 37.26 261.73 ± 38.00 2.953 ± 6.922
Optimized threshold 151.33 ± 12.98 157.94 ± 19.54 480.17 ± 43.68 N/A
Latching filter N/A N/A N/A 0.027 ± 0.048