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Table 3 Wald Chi-square values for the linear mixed models (LMMs)

From: Effect of post-stroke spasticity on voluntary movement of the upper limb

Measure FMA-UE Target TSRT Rm2 Rc2
HD 41.10*** 4.52 8.02** 0.49 0.90
Log-BKLD 32.88*** 55.02*** 5.11* 0.45 0.90
Movement time (s) 14.14*** 4.47 2.60 0.28 0.94
Final elbow extension angle (°) 10.14** 101.72*** 0.03 0.24 0.88
Mean elbow velocity (°/s) 11.10*** 27.80*** 11.00*** 0.33 0.96
Peak elbow velocity (°/s) 8.03** 5.51 12.53*** 0.31 0.96
Number of elbow velocity peaks (#) 10.47*** 36.36*** 1.45 0.22 0.95
  1. Each row represents a LMM for the measure based on the main effects of FMA-UE, Target, and TSRT, the interaction of TSRT with FMA-UE and the interaction of TSRT with Target, and the random effects due to multiple subjects
  2. HD Hellinger’s distance measure, log-BKLD log bidirectional Kullback–Leibler divergence, FMA-UE Fugl-Meyer assessment scale of the upper extremity, TSRT tonic stretch reflex threshold
  3. Significance levels: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001