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Table 2 Baseline of outcome measures

From: Augmented efficacy of intermittent theta burst stimulation on the virtual reality-based cycling training for upper limb function in patients with stroke: a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial

  sham iTBS + VCT iTBS + VCT p-value
FMA-UE 34.55 ± 18.34 43.58 ± 15.35 0.288
MAS-UE 0.94 ± 0.69 0.87 ± 0.54 0.786
ARAT 17.09 ± 18.11 25.75 ± 22.69 0.487
GM 4.73 ± 1.68 5.33 ± 2.87 0.608
Grasp 5.55 ± 6.65 8.75 ± 8.01 0.288
Grip 3.00 ± 4.31 5.42 ± 5.16 0.379
Pinch 3.82 ± 6.31 6.25 ± 7.40 0.379
BBT 11.40 ± 16.02 18.72 ± 18.84 0.379
NHPTa 4.02 ± 8.82 7.86 ± 11.88 0.413
MAL (AOU) 42.64 ± 31.04 33.92 ± 42.40 0.316
MAL (QOM) 46.55 ± 40.89 35.17 ± 42.58 0.379
SIS 57.09 ± 8.61 58.06 ± 12.79 0.833
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation
  2. iTBS intermittent theta burst stimulation, VCT virtual reality-based cycling training, MAS-UE Modified Ashworth Scale-Upper Extremity, FMA-UE Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity, ARAT Action Research Arm Test, GM gross movement, BBT Box and Block Test, NHPT Nine Hole Peg Test, MAL(AOU) Motor Activity Log (Amount of Use), MAL (QOM) Motor Activity Log (Quality of Movement), SIS Stroke Impact Scale
  3. aThe unit of NHPT is number of pegs/minute