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Table 2 Clinical measures of motor capacity, patient-reported measures of upper-limb usage and independence, and sensor-based measures of motor performance in daily life. Data are reported as the means ± standard deviation (minimum–maximum)

From: Clinical value of assessing motor performance in postacute stroke patients

Clinical measures of capacity
 National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) 4.0 ± 2.6 (0–10)
 Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) 31.4 ± 24.0 (0–57)
 Fugl-Meyer Assessment (impaired side) 40.3 ± 22.8 (9–66)
 Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) 7 m (sec) 18.4 ± 8.2 (7.5–33.3)
 10-Meter Walk Test (m/s) 1.1 ± 0.5 (0.5–1.9)
 Berg Balance Scale (BBS) 50.9 ± 3.8 (44–56)
Patient report
 Motor Activity Log-14 (MAL-14, mean amount of use [AOU]) 2.0 ± 1.5 (0.4–4.9)
 Modified Ranking Scale (MRS) 2.2 ± 0.8 (1–3)
 Barthel Index (BI) 97.3 ± 5.3 (85–100)
Sensor based measures of performance in daily life
 Time spent walking (%) 12 ± 5.3 (2.9–20.2)
 Time spent standing (%) 19 ± 8.5 (8.7–33.2)
 Time spent sitting (%) 55 ± 13.5 (29.3–87.8)
 Time spent lying (%) 14 ± 15.6 (0.0–53.9)
 Sedentary time (sitting or lying, %) 69
 Steps/hour (of recording time) 579 ± 243 (226–1066)
 Steps/walking episode 29 ± 13 (14–62)
 Longest walking episodes (in steps) 410 ± 277 (62–1148)
 Arm duration ratio (impaired/unimpaired) during sitting (%) 74 ± 20 (52–124)
 Impaired arm duration (in sec) during sitting normalized per hour (sec/hour) 866 ± 341 (326–1570)