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Table 3 AXIS methodological quality assessment

From: How wearable sensors have been utilised to evaluate frailty in older adults: a systematic review

Study Q1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13* 14 15 16 17 18 19* 20 Total
Martinez-Ramirez [45] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
Theou [24] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 16
Millor [46] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 14
Galan-Mercant [51] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 14
Galan-Mercant [47] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 14
Greene [50] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 14
Greene [49] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 12
Chen [44] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 18
Toosizadeh [57] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 16
Toosizadeh [39] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 16
Schwenk [38] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
Martinez-Ramirez [56] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
Jansen [11] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20
Toosizadeh [45] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
Parvanneh [40] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 15
Millor [58] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 14
Huisingh-Scheetz, [35] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20
Lee [52] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 14
Castaneda-Gameros [17] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 16
Razjouyan [41] 1` 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 14
Mulasso [42] 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0* 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 14
Zhou [54] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 14
Lepetit [48] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
Jansen [43] 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 14
Yuki [37] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 16
Ziller [34] 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 19
Chen [55] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20
Kikuchi, [36] 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 18
Apsega (33) 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 16
  1. AXIS Methodological Quality Assessment (Yes = 1, No = 0, Not known = 0)
  2. *Q 13 “Does the response rate raises concerns about non-response bias?” *Q19 “Were there any funding sources or conflicts of interest that may affect the authors’ interpretation of the results? ‘No’ is a positive response, therefore ‘No’ counts as ‘1’