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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in each study

From: Comparison between the effects of exergame intervention and traditional physical training on improving balance and fall prevention in healthy older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Country/location Sample size (%female) Age (years)
Mean ± SD
Population type
Bacha [33] Brazil I 23 (65.2)
C 23 (82.6)
I 71.0
C 66.5
Community-dwelling
Bateni [22] USA I 6 (50)
C 6 (50)
I 68 ± 14
C 72 ± 12
Physical therapy department
Community-dwelling
Bateni [22] USA I 6 (66.7)
C 6 (50)
I 79 ± 16
C 72 ± 12
Physical therapy department
Community-dwelling
Chen [23] Taiwan I 14 (85.7)
C 14 (92.9)
I 72.2 ± 2.8
C 75.1 ± 5.5
Residents of District
Eggenberger [39] Switzerland I 24 (58.3)
C 25 (64)
I 77.3 ± 6.3
C 80.8 ± 4.7
Local organization
Residence facilities
Another organization
Franco [40] USA I 11 (81.8)
C 11 (72.7)
I 79.8 ± 4.7
C 77.9 ± 6.9
Community-dwelling
Htut [42] Thailand I 21 (52)
C 21 (62)
I 75.8 ± 4.89
C 75.95 ± 5.65
Homes for the aged
Jung [28] Korea I 8 (100)
C 8 (100)
I 74.3 ± 3.5
C 73.6 ± 2.4
Senior citizen center
Karahan [34] Turkey I 48 (43.8)
C 42 (42.8)
I 71.3 ± 6.1
C 71.5 ± 4.7
Ku [29] Korea I 18 (50)
C 16 (50)
I 64.7 ± 7.27
C 65.0 ± 4.77
Community-dwelling
Li [35] China I 40 (47.5)
C 40 (42.5)
I 68.2 ± 5.5
C 69.4 ± 6.2
Park [30] Korea I 12 (25)
C 12 (16.7)
I 66.5 ± 8.1
C 65.2 ± 7.9
Local community
Park [36] Korea I 36 (91.7)
C 36 (97.2)
I 72.97 ± 2.98
C 74.11 ± 2.88
Community-dwelling
Pichierri [37] Switzerland I 11 (71.7)
C 11 (90.9)
I 86.9 ± 5.1
C 85.6 ± 4.2
Hostel for the aged
Pluchino [41] USA I 12 (66.7)
C 14 (64.3)
I 70.72 ± 8.46
C 76.00 ± 7.74
Community-dwelling
Pluchino [41] USA I 12 (66.7)
C 14 (42.9)
I 70.72 ± 8.46
C 69.28 ± 6.03
Community-dwelling
Reed-Jones [31] USA I 15C 15 67.5 ± 5.9 Community-dwelling
Reed-Jones [31] USA I 15C 15 67.5 ± 5.9 Community-dwelling
Schoene [32] Australia I 47 (66) C 43 (67) I 82 ± 7
C 81 ± 7
Community-dwelling
Stanmore [21] United Kingdom I 56 (80.4)
C 50 (76)
I 77.9 ± 8.9
C 77.8 ± 10.2
Assistive living facility
Toulotte [43] France I 9 (55.6)
C 9 (66.7)
75.09 ± 10.26 Community-dwelling
Toulotte [43] France I 9 (66.7)
C 9 (66.7)
75.09 ± 10.26 Community-dwelling
Yang [38] Taiwan I 10 (90)
C 10 (90)
I 68.71 (64.09–74.84)
C 67.54 (62.08–76.75)
Community-dwelling
Yeşilyaprak [4] Turkey I 7 (42.9)
C 11 (81.8)
I 70.1 ± 4.0
C73.1 ± 4.5
Rehabilitation center
Nursing Home
Rehabilitation Center
  1. I intervention group, C control group