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Table 2 Characteristics of the interventional protocol

From: Comparison between the effects of exergame intervention and traditional physical training on improving balance and fall prevention in healthy older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Intervention Dosage of intervention Types of control Measured outcomes Effects of intervention
Bacha [33] Adventures game 60 min/day, 2/week, 7 week Physical therapy exercises BA: Mini-BESTest
PIA: Mini-BESTest
FUA (4-week): Mini-BESTest
Mini-BESTest→→
Bateni [22] Balance game 3 games/day, 3/week, 4 week Physical therapy training BA: BBS
DA (2-week): BBS
PIA: BBS
BBS→
Physical therapy training
Bateni [22] Balance game 3 games/d, 3/wk, 4wk Physical therapy training BA: BBS
DA (2-week): BBS
PIA: BBS
BBS→
Chen [23] Selected Tai-Chi movements 30 min/d, 3/wk, 8wk Traditional Tai-Chi exercise BA: BBS, TUG, FRT
PIA: BBS, TUG, FRT
BBS↑
TUG↑
FRT↑
Eggenberger [39] Dance game 60 min/d, 2/wk, 26wk Treadmill walking
S&B training
BA: FF, FES-I, OLS
DA (3-month): FES-I, OLS
PIA: FF, FES-I, OLS
FUA1 (6-month, 1-year): FF
FUA2 (1-year): FES-I, OLS
FF→↑→
FES-I→→
OLS→→
S&B training
Franco [40] Balance game 10–15 min, 2/wk, 3wk Matter of Balance Program BA: BBS, TB
PIA: BBS, TB
BBS→
TB→
Home exercises
Htut [42] Video game 30 min, 3/wk, 8wk Physical exercises BA: BBS, TUG, FES-I
PIA: BBS, TUG, FES-I
BBS→
TUG→
FES-I↑
Jung [28] Sport game 30 min, 2/wk, 8 wk Lumbar stabilization exercises BA: BBS, FRT, TUG
PIA: BBS, FRT, TUG
BBS↓
FRT↓
TUG→
Karahan [34] Sport game 30 min, 5/wk, 6 wk Home exercise BA: BBS, TUG
PIA: BBS, TUG
BBS↑
TUG→
Ku [29] Customized game 30 min, 3/wk, 4 wk S & B training BA: BBS, TUG
PIA: BBS, TUG
BBS↑
TUG↑
Li [35] Balance training 32 min, 10/month, 12 wk One-leg standing exercise BA: TUG, SL
PIA: TUG, SL
TUG↑
SL↑
Park [30] Balance game/program 30 min, 3/wk, 8 wk Ball exercise BA: TUG, SL, SS
PIA: TUG, SL, SS
TUG↑
SL↑
SS→
Park [36] Kayak program 50 min, 2/wk, 6 wk Conventional exercise BA: PC standing
PIA: PC standing
PC standing↑
PC sitting↑
Conventional exercise
Pichierri [37] Resistance training
Balance training
50–55 min, 2/wk, 12 wk Resistance and balance training BA: FES-I
PIA: FES-I
FES-I→
Dance game
Pluchino [41] Balance game 60 min, 2/wk, 8wk Standardized balance exercise program BA: FES, TUG, OLS, FRT, TB, SL
PIA: FES, TUG, OLS, FRT, TB, SL
FES→
TUG→
OLS→
FRT→
TB→
SL→
Pluchino [41] Balance game 60 min, 2/wk, 8 wk Tai Chi BA: FES, TUG, OLS, FRT, TB, SL
PIA: FES, TUG, OLS, FRT, TB, SL
FES→
TUG→
OLS→
FRT→
TB→
SL→
Reed-Jones [31] Agility training
Visual training
90 min, 2/wk, 12 wk ACSM exercises for elderly BA: FRT, TUG
DA (6-week): FRT, TUG
PIA: FRT, TUG
FRT→
TUG→
ACSM exercises for elderly
Reed-Jones [31] Agility training
Visual training
90 min, 2/wk, 12 wk ACSM exercises for elderly
Agility training
BA: FRT, TUG
DA (6-week): FRT, TUG
PIA: FRT, TUG
FRT→
TUG→
ACSM exercises for elderly
Schoene [32] Stepping game 20 min, 3/wk, 16 wk Home exercise BA: Icon-FES, TUG
PIA: Icon-FES, TUG
FUA (6-month): number of fallers
Number of fallers→
Icon-FES↑
TUG↑
Stanmore [21] Exergame 30 min, 3/wk, 12 wk S & B exercises BA: BBS, FES-I, TUG
PIA: BBS, FES-I, TUG
FUA (3-month): FI (includes the number of falls and fallers)
BBS↑
FES-I↑
TUG→
FI↑
S & B exercise
Toulotte [43] Sport game 60 min, 1/wk, 20 wk Adapted physical training BA: UT, TB, COG
PIA: UT, TB, COG
UT↓
TB↓
COG↑
Toulotte [43] Adapted physical activities
Sport game
60 min, 1/wk, 20 wk Adapted physical training BA: UT, TB, COG
PIA: UT, TB, COG
UT↓
TB↓
COG↑
Yang [38] Exergame 45 min, 2/wk, 5 wk Balance training BA: TUG, FRT, OLS
PIA: TUG, FRT, OLS
TUG→
FRT↑
OLS→
Yeşilyaprak [4] Balance exercise 35–45 min, 3/wk, 6 wk Balance exercises BA: BBS, TUG, OLS, FES-I
PIA: BBS, TUG, OLS, FES-I
BBS→
TUG→
OLS→
FES-I→
  1. ACSM The American College of Sports Medicine, S & B strength and balance, min minute(s), d day(s), wk week(s), BA baseline assessment, DA during assessment, PIA post-intervention assessment, FUA follow-up assessment, FES-I The Falls Efficacy Scale International, FES Falls Efficacy Scale, BBS Berg Balance Scale, TUG timed up and go, OLS one-leg stance, FF fall frequency, FI fall incidence, FRT functional reach test, TB Tinetti balance, SL sway length, SS sway speed