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Table 1 Demographic information

From: Proximal and distal movement patterns during a graphomotor task in typically developing children and children with handwriting problems

Quantity Control group (N = 20) Research group (N = 21) p-value (t-test / chi squared)
Male/Female 8/12 11/10 0.751#
Mean age (years) 8.5 (range 8–10.8) 8.8 (range 7.1–10.8) 0.146
Hand dominance (right/left) 17/3 18/2 1.00#
Beery VMI 29 (15) 19 (15) 0.039
Beery motor 46 (23) 15 (13) <0.001*
Letters per minute (copying) 40.5 (14.0) 24.7 (8.6) <0.001*
Illegible letters (copying) 5.0 (2.9) 9.1 (5.0) 0.003*
Letters per minute (dictation) 54.9 (16.0) 38.6 (9.7) <0.001*
Illegible letters (dictation) 7.4 (3.2) 10.8 (4.9) 0.014
  1. Values in brackets are standard deviations unless otherwise stated. # = category data, Pearson’s χ2 test, * = significantly different (p < 0.05). The p-values were corrected for multiple comparisons using the Holm method