Skip to main content

Table 4 Analytical and descriptive themes

From: Patient, carer, and staff perceptions of robotics in motor rehabilitation: a systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis

Analytical theme Descriptive themes
Logistic barriers Physical environment Need for someone to help you with device
Challenges of set up Transportation and accessibility barriers
Device positioning Cost of device is a barrier
Technological challenges Prior technology experience affects attitudes towards new technologies Device is cumbersome
Technical problems with the devices Issues with wearing and adjusting the robotic devices
Engineering/manufacturing challenges Other technological challenges
Appeal and engagement Acceptance of devices Uncertainty and cautiousness
Robotic devices/interventions are beneficial and fun Motivating factors for patients to use the device or intervention
Using novel technologies for rehabilitation What motivated clinicians to recommend use of the device/intervention
Appealing features of the devices/interventions Facilitators to use of the devices/interventions
Aspects of the devices/interventions the participants did not like  
Supportive interactions and relationships Therapist-patient relationship is important Support from family is beneficial
Managing patients' expectations  
Benefits for physical, psychological, and social function(ing) Physical benefits of using the device Psychological issues due to the device or intervention
Psychological benefits of using the device Some participants had mixed experiences
Social benefits of using the device No improvement from using devices or intervention
Expanding and sustaining therapeutic options Limited or absent pathways for transitioning from the medical model to that of a wellness approach following early injury rehabilitation Important to maintain human presence
Implementation and contextual factors Independent use of robotic devices
Training Devices seen as complimentary to traditional therapy
Time management and resources Comparisons with treadmills and wheelchairs
Having appropriate staff Training goals
Costs Therapist training
Accessibility and funding Design-related suggestions
Patient suitability and screening Personalising the devices or intervention
Research can be limited in terms of day-to-day relevance Other suggestions to increase uptake and engagement with devices
What should such devices help you achieve/activities you should be able to do with a robotic device Devices providing feedback are useful and desirable
Appropriate settings Other recommendations
Importance of tailoring devices