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Table 2 Participant characteristics

From: Characterization of stroke-related upper limb motor impairments across various upper limb activities by use of kinematic core set measures

Characteristic No impairment (N = 5) Mild impairment (N = 13) Moderate imapirement (N = 13)
Gender, female/male 2/3 5/8 5/8
Mean age (SD), years 65.75 (10.72) 62.85 (13.43) 60.69 (11.58)
Mean body height (SD), cm 169.41 (7.47) 174.77(12.92) 172.85(8.97)
Mean BMI (SD), kg/m2 23.26 (2.18) 26.02 (4.46) 27.92 (3.92)
Paretic body side, left/right 7/6 5/8
Months since strokea 13 (9–29) 24 (18–34)
Initial stroke severity NIHSSa 6 (6–10) 10 (6–15)
MoCA (0–30)a 27 (26–28) 26 (24–28)
MAS sum of the upper extremity (0–14)a,b 3 (2–4) 1 (0–1)
EmNSA-UE (0–40)a 38 (36–38) 39 (38–40)
FMMA-UE (0–66)a 40 (37–42) 55 (53–59)
 FMMA-UE arm subsection (0–36)a 22 (21–24) 30 (29–33)
 FMMA-UE wrist subsection (0–10)a 6 (5–6) 7 (6–8)
 FMMA-UE hand subsection (0–14)a 9 (5–10) 14 (13–14)
 FMMA-UE coordination subsection (0–6)a 4 (3–4) 5 (4–5)
  1. BMI body mass index, EmNSA Erasmus modified version of the Nottingham Sensory Assessment, FMMA-UE Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment of the Upper Extremity, MAS modified Ashworth Scale, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, L left, SD standard deviation
  2. aIndicates that values are presented in median (interquartile range)
  3. bIndicates MAS scores between 1 and 2 for seven muscle groups