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Table 1 Participant characteristics; average and ± 1 standard deviation are shown

From: Visual oscillation effects on dynamic balance control in people with multiple sclerosis

  Walking speed (m/s) FGA (out of 30) BBS (out of 56) 10 meter walking (s) (Normal, Fast)
Control (n = 11) 0.90 ± 0.10 30.0 ± 0.0 56.0 ± 0.0 5.34 ± 0.70 3.89 ± 0.41
MS (n = 14) 0.74 ± 0.17 27.8 ± 1.8 54.7 ± 1.5 6.70 ± 0.9 5.00 ± 1.15
Statistical Analysis p < 0.05
t = 2.75
p < 0.01
t = 3.96
p < 0.01
t = 2.85
p < 0.01
t = − 4.13
p < 0.01
t = − 3.05
  1. The results of unpaired t-tests between the two groups are shown, in which the p-value (p) and t-value (t) are provided. The degrees of freedom was 23 for all tests. Note: the walking speed was the actual speed used on the treadmill for experimentation, while the 10-m walking time was used as an assessment of gait function. For the FGA, in older adults scores < 22 would indicate a risk for falls with ~ 4 points indicating a minimal clinically important difference [62]. For the BBS a value of < 40 would indicate an increased fall risk [63]. For the 10-m walking test the minimal detectable change is 1.56 s [64]