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Table 1 Participant characteristics in the RAGT group (n = 20) and the control group (n = 20) at baseline

From: Hybrid robot-assisted gait training for motor function in subacute stroke: a single-blind randomized controlled trial

  RAGT Control P
Age (years) 54.1 ± 8.6 56.5 ± 12.9 0.50
Sex (female/male) 6/14 5/15 0.50
DM (yes/no) 5/15 2/18 0.20
Type (hemorrhagic/ischemic) 14/6 14/6 0.60
Affected hemisphere (L/R) 13/7 8/12 0.10
Mean onset time (days) 25.8 ± 26.5 34.7 ± 25.5 0.29
NIHSS 12.3 ± 6.0 11.8 ± 5.7 0.77
BS 2.6 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 0.8 0.51
MRS 4.5 ± 0.5 4.5 ± 0.5 1.0
BI 29.3 ± 18.4 33.0 ± 13.8 0.47
MAS 0.2 ± 0.7 0.4 ± .8 0.53
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation or number
  2. DM diabetes mellitus, NIHSS National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, BS Brunnstrom stage, MMT manual muscle test, MRS Modified Rankin Scale, BI Barthel Index, MAS Modified Ashworth Scale
  3. *P < 0.05 by either chi-square test or independent; t test for between-group comparisons