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  1. A mirror placed in the mid-sagittal plane of the body has been used to reduce phantom limb pain and improve movement function in medical conditions characterised by asymmetrical movement control. The mirrored ...

    Authors: Gabor J Barton, Alan R De Asha, Edwin CP van Loon, Thomas Geijtenbeek and Mark A Robinson

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:101

    Content type: Methodology

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  2. Balance control relies on accurate perception of visual, somatosensory and vestibular cues. Sensory flow is impaired in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and little is known about the ability of the sensory systems to a...

    Authors: Davide Cattaneo, Johanna Jonsdottir, Alberto Regola and Roberta Carabalona

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:100

    Content type: Research

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  3. A balance test provides important information such as the standard to judge an individual’s functional recovery or make the prediction of falls. The development of a tool for a balance test that is inexpensive...

    Authors: Dae-Sung Park and GyuChang Lee

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:99

    Content type: Research

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  4. Results obtained in a previous study (Gait Posture 34:358–363, 2011) have shown that, in non-disabled participants, a specific increase in ankle dorsiflexor (Tibialis anterior [TA]) activation can be induced b...

    Authors: Andreanne K Blanchette, Martin Noël, Carol L Richards, Sylvie Nadeau and Laurent J Bouyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:98

    Content type: Research

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  5. The need of a sensory feedback system that would improve users’ acceptance in prostheses is generally recognized. Feedback of hand opening and position are among the most important concerns of prosthetic users...

    Authors: Bo Geng and Winnie Jensen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:97

    Content type: Research

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  6. Previous evidence suggests the effects of task-specific therapy can be further enhanced when sensory stimulation is combined with motor practice. Sensory tongue stimulation is thought to facilitate activation ...

    Authors: Amanda E Chisholm, Raza Naseem Malik, Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Jaimie Borisoff, Susan Forwell and Tania Lam

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:96

    Content type: Methodology

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  7. Previous studies have assessed reliability of insole technology for evaluating foot pressure distribution during linear walking. Since in natural motion straight walking is intermingled with turns, we determin...

    Authors: Marco Godi, Anna Maria Turcato, Marco Schieppati and Antonio Nardone

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:95

    Content type: Research

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  8. The combination of voluntary effort and functional electrical stimulation (ES) appears to have a greater potential to induce plasticity in the motor cortex than either electrical stimulation or voluntary train...

    Authors: Fuminari Kaneko, Tatsuya Hayami, Toshiyuki Aoyama and Tomohiro Kizuka

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:94

    Content type: Research

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  9. Cycling has been used in the rehabilitation of individuals with both chronic and post-surgical conditions. Among the challenges with implementing bicycling for rehabilitation is the recruitment of both extremi...

    Authors: Richard G Ranky, Mark L Sivak, Jeffrey A Lewis, Venkata K Gade, Judith E Deutsch and Constantinos Mavroidis

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:93

    Content type: Research

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  10. Intensive task specific training early after stroke may enhance beneficial neuroplasticity and functional recovery. Impaired gait after hemiparetic stroke remains a challenge that may be approached early after...

    Authors: Anneli Nilsson, Katarina Skough Vreede, Vera Häglund, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yoshiyuki Sankai and Jörgen Borg

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:92

    Content type: Research

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  11. Pattern recognition (PR) based strategies for the control of myoelectric upper limb prostheses are generally evaluated through offline classification accuracy, which is an admittedly useful metric, but insuffi...

    Authors: Sophie M Wurth and Levi J Hargrove

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:91

    Content type: Research

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  12. Event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) is a relative power decrease/increase of electroencephalogram (EEG) in a specific frequency band during physical motor execution and mental motor image...

    Authors: Kosei Nakayashiki, Midori Saeki, Yohei Takata, Yoshikatsu Hayashi and Toshiyuki Kondo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:90

    Content type: Research

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  13. We investigated the applicability and feasibility of perceptive computing assisted gait analysis in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients using Microsoft Kinect™. To detect the maximum walking speed and the degree ...

    Authors: Janina Behrens, Caspar Pfüller, Sebastian Mansow-Model, Karen Otte, Friedemann Paul and Alexander U Brandt

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:89

    Content type: Research

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  14. Computer-based cognitive stimulation applications can help the elderly maintain and improve their cognitive skills. In this research paper, our objectives are to verify the usability of PESCO (an open-software...

    Authors: Sandra Rute-Pérez, Sandra Santiago-Ramajo, María Visitación Hurtado, María José Rodríguez-Fórtiz and Alfonso Caracuel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:88

    Content type: Research

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  15. This study investigates measures of mindfulness meditation (MM) as a mental practice, in which a resting but alert state of mind is maintained. A population of older people with high stress level participated ...

    Authors: Asieh Ahani, Helane Wahbeh, Hooman Nezamfar, Meghan Miller, Deniz Erdogmus and Barry Oken

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:87

    Content type: Research

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  16. Spinal cord injury (SCI) can damage long tracts, affecting postural stability. Impairments in balance have recently been proposed to be highly predictive of functional recovery in patients with SCI and thus me...

    Authors: Federica Tamburella, Giorgio Scivoletto, Marco Iosa and Marco Molinari

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:86

    Content type: Research

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  17. Accumulating evidence suggests that gait is influenced by higher order cognitive and cortical control mechanisms. Recently, several studies used functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to examine brain a...

    Authors: Anat Mirelman, Inbal Maidan, Hagar Bernad-Elazari, Freek Nieuwhof, Miriam Reelick, Nir Giladi and Jeffrey M Hausdorff

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:85

    Content type: Research

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  18. The aim of this study is to investigate quantitative outcome measurements of hand motor performance for subjects after mild to moderate stroke using grip control tasks and characterize abnormal flexion synergy...

    Authors: Yu Ye, Le Ma, Tiebin Yan, Huihua Liu, Xijun Wei and Rong Song

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:84

    Content type: Research

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  19. A frequently used clinical test to assess mobility after stroke is the Timed Up & Go. Knowledge regarding whether or not the Timed Up & Go is able to detect change over time in patients with stroke, whether im...

    Authors: Carina U Persson, Anna Danielsson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Anna Grimby-Ekman and Per-Olof Hansson

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:83

    Content type: Research

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  20. Obesity is known to affect balance and gait pattern increasing the risk of fall and injury as compared to the lean population. Such risk is particularly high during postural transitions. Gait initiation (GI) i...

    Authors: Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Manuela Galli, Helmer Precilios, Elena Tacchini, Cristina Santovito and Paolo Capodaglio

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:82

    Content type: Research

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  21. Gait deficits are very common after stroke and improved therapeutic interventions are needed. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate the therapeutic use of the nociceptive withdrawal reflex t...

    Authors: Erika Geraldina Spaich, Niels Svaneborg, Helle Rovsing Møller Jørgensen and Ole Kæseler Andersen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:81

    Content type: Research

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  22. This study sought to examine the effect of targeted physical therapy with and without cranial nerve non-invasive neuromodulation (CN-NINM), on the walking ability of people with MS who exhibited a dysfunctiona...

    Authors: Mitchell E Tyler, Kurt A Kaczmarek, Kathy L Rust, Alla M Subbotin, Kimberly L Skinner and Yuri P Danilov

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:79

    Content type: Research

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  23. Spasticity is an important complication after stroke, especially in the anti-gravity muscles, i.e. lower limb extensors. However the contribution of hyperexcitable muscle spindle reflex loops to gait impairmen...

    Authors: Karen Jansen, Friedl De Groote, Wouter Aerts, Joris De Schutter, Jacques Duysens and Ilse Jonkers

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:78

    Content type: Research

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  24. Proprioception plays important roles in planning and control of limb posture and movement. The impact of proprioceptive deficits on motor function post-stroke has been difficult to elucidate due to limitations...

    Authors: Lucia Simo, Lior Botzer, Claude Ghez and Robert A Scheidt

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:77

    Content type: Methodology

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  25. It is thought that therapy should be functional, be highly repetitive, and promote afferent input to best stimulate hand motor recovery after stroke, yet patients struggle to access such therapy. We developed ...

    Authors: Nizan Friedman, Vicky Chan, Andrea N Reinkensmeyer, Ariel Beroukhim, Gregory J Zambrano, Mark Bachman and David J Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:76

    Content type: Research

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  26. Pattern recognition control of prosthetic hands take inputs from one or more myoelectric sensors and controls one or more degrees of freedom. However, most systems created allow only sequential control of one ...

    Authors: Anders L Fougner, Øyvind Stavdahl and Peter J Kyberd

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:75

    Content type: Research

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  27. Gait rehabilitation often utilizes correction of stepping movements, and visual feedback is one of the interactive forms that can be used for rehabilitation. We presented a paradigm called visual feedback dist...

    Authors: Seung-Jae Kim and Dieudonne Mugisha

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:74

    Content type: Research

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  28. Nerve cuff electrodes are commonly and successfully used for stimulating peripheral nerves. On the other hand, they occasionally induce functional and morphological changes following chronic implantation, for ...

    Authors: Stephen M Restaino, Erkinay Abliz, Kelliann Wachrathit, Victor Krauthamer and Sameer B Shah

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:73

    Content type: Research

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  29. A recent study showed that the gaze patterns of amputee users of myoelectric prostheses differ markedly from those seen in anatomically intact subjects. Gaze behaviour is a promising outcome measures for prost...

    Authors: Mohammad MD Sobuh, Laurence PJ Kenney, Adam J Galpin, Sibylle B Thies, Jane McLaughlin, Jai Kulkarni and Peter Kyberd

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:72

    Content type: Research

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  30. Balance control during walking has been shown to involve a metabolic cost in healthy subjects, but it is unclear how this cost changes as a function of postural threat. The aim of the present study was to dete...

    Authors: Trienke IJmker, Claudine J Lamoth, Han Houdijk, Lucas HV van der Woude and Peter J Beek

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:71

    Content type: Research

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  31. Assessment of hand kinematics is important when evaluating hand functioning. Major drawbacks of current sensing glove systems are lack of rotational observability in particular directions, labour intensive cal...

    Authors: Henk G Kortier, Victor I Sluiter, Daniel Roetenberg and Peter H Veltink

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:70

    Content type: Research

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  32. In the physical therapy setting, physical therapists (PTs) often prescribe exercises for their clients to perform at home. However, it is difficult for PTs to obtain information about their clients’ compliance...

    Authors: Kevin Huang, Patrick J Sparto, Sara Kiesler, Daniel P Siewiorek and Asim Smailagic

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:69

    Content type: Research

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  33. The performance capabilities and limitations of control interfaces for the operation of active movement-assistive devices remain unclear. Selecting an optimal interface for an application requires a thorough u...

    Authors: Joan Lobo-Prat, Arvid QL Keemink, Arno HA Stienen, Alfred C Schouten, Peter H Veltink and Bart FJM Koopman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:68

    Content type: Research

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  34. Arm impairment in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is commonly assessed with clinical scales, such as Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) which evaluates the ability to handle and transport smaller and larger objects. ARAT...

    Authors: Ilaria Carpinella, Davide Cattaneo and Maurizio Ferrarin

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:67

    Content type: Research

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  35. 1) To measure and compare the time required to perform (pTUG) and the time required to imagine (iTUG) the Timed Up & Go (TUG), and the time difference between these two tasks (i.e., TUG delta time) in older ad...

    Authors: Olivier Beauchet, Cyrille P Launay, Ervin Sejdić, Gilles Allali and Cédric Annweiler

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:66

    Content type: Research

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  36. Concurrent validity and intra-rater reliability using a customized Android phone application to measure cervical-spine range-of-motion (ROM) has not been previously validated against a gold-standard three-dime...

    Authors: June Quek, Sandra G Brauer, Julia Treleaven, Yong-Hao Pua, Benjamin Mentiplay and Ross Allan Clark

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:65

    Content type: Short report

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  37. Several strategies have been proposed to improve patient motivation and exercise intensity during robot-aided stroke rehabilitation. One relatively unexplored possibility is two-player gameplay, allowing subje...

    Authors: Domen Novak, Aniket Nagle, Urs Keller and Robert Riener

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:64

    Content type: Research

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  38. A new version of the CatWalk XT system was evaluated as a tool for detecting very subtle alteration in gait based on higher speed sample rate; the system could also demonstrate minor changes in neurological fu...

    Authors: Ying-Ju Chen, Fu-Chou Cheng, Meei-Ling Sheu, Hong-Lin Su, Chun-Jung Chen, Jason Sheehan and Hung-Chuan Pan

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:62

    Content type: Research

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  39. Increasing numbers of patients require permanent walking aids to maintain mobility. Current elbow crutches are not designed for long-term use, and overuse is often associated with hematoma formation and pain a...

    Authors: Jonas Fischer, Corina Nüesch, Beat Göpfert, Annegret Mündermann, Victor Valderrabano and Thomas Hügle

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:61

    Content type: Research

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  40. Computer based gaming systems, such as the Microsoft Kinect (Kinect), can facilitate complex task practice, enhance sensory feedback and action observation in novel, relevant and motivating modes of exercise w...

    Authors: Brook Galna, Dan Jackson, Guy Schofield, Roisin McNaney, Mary Webster, Gillian Barry, Dadirayi Mhiripiri, Madeline Balaam, Patrick Olivier and Lynn Rochester

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:60

    Content type: Methodology

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  41. Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) is expected to be an effective rehabilitative intervention for patients with gait disturbances. However, the monotonous gait pattern provided by robotic guidance tends to in...

    Authors: Yoshie Nakanishi, Futoshi Wada, Satoru Saeki and Kenji Hachisuka

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:59

    Content type: Research

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  42. Locomotion involves an integration of vision, proprioception, and vestibular information. The parieto-insular vestibular cortex is known to affect the supra-spinal rhythm generators, and the vestibular system ...

    Authors: Soo Chan Kim, Joo Yeon Kim, Hwan Nyeong Lee, Hwan Ho Lee, Jae Hwan Kwon, Nam beom Kim, Mi Joo Kim, Jong Hyun Hwang and Gyu Cheol Han

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:58

    Content type: Research

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  43. Neuromuscular stimulation coupled with bilateral movements facilitates functional motor recovery of the upper extremities post stroke. This study investigated electromyography activation patterns during traini...

    Authors: Nyeonju Kang, Jerelyne Idica, Bhullar Amitoj and James H Cauraugh

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:57

    Content type: Research

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  44. Monitoring joint angles through wearable systems enables human posture and gesture to be reconstructed as a support for physical rehabilitation both in clinics and at the patient’s home. A new generation of we...

    Authors: Alessandro Tognetti, Federico Lorussi, Gabriele Dalle Mura, Nicola Carbonaro, Maria Pacelli, Rita Paradiso and Danilo De Rossi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:56

    Content type: Research

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  45. Robotic-assisted walking after stroke provides intensive task-oriented training. But, despite the growing diffusion of robotic devices little information is available about cardiorespiratory and metabolic resp...

    Authors: Anna Sofia Delussu, Giovanni Morone, Marco Iosa, Maura Bragoni, Marco Traballesi and Stefano Paolucci

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:54

    Content type: Research

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  46. The ability to walk independently is a primary goal for rehabilitation after stroke. Gait analysis provides a great amount of valuable information, while functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a p...

    Authors: Silvia Del Din, Alessandra Bertoldo, Zimi Sawacha, Johanna Jonsdottir, Marco Rabuffetti, Claudio Cobelli and Maurizio Ferrarin

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:53

    Content type: Research

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  47. Postural control is organized around a task goal. The two most frequently used types of tasks for postural control research are translational (translation along the anterior-posterior axis) and rotational (rot...

    Authors: Chiung-Ling Chen, Shu-Zon Lou, Hong-Wen Wu, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Kwok-Tak Yeung and Fong-Chin Su

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2014 11:50

    Content type: Research

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