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  1. In the recent past several invasive cortical neuroprostheses have been developed. Signals recorded from the motor cortex (area MI) have been decoded and used to control computer cursors and robotic devices. Ne...

    Authors: Jacopo Carpaneto, Vassilis Raos, Maria A Umiltà, Leonardo Fogassi, Akira Murata, Vittorio Gallese and Silvestro Micera

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:84

    Content type: Short report

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  2. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compression neuropathy of the median nerve that results in sensorimotor deficits in the hand. Until recently, the effects of CTS on hand function have been studied using mostl...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Jamie A Johnston, Mark A Ross, Brandon J Coakley, Elizabeth A Gleason, Amylou C Dueck and Marco Santello

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:83

    Content type: Research

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  3. Eye Gaze Tracking Systems (EGTSs) estimate the Point Of Gaze (POG) of a user. In diagnostic applications EGTSs are used to study oculomotor characteristics and abnormalities, whereas in interactive application...

    Authors: Massimo Gneo, Maurizio Schmid, Silvia Conforto and Tommaso D’Alessio

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:82

    Content type: Methodology

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  4. Due to increased interest in treadmill gait training, recent research has focused on the similarities and differences between treadmill and overground walking. Most of these studies have tested healthy, young ...

    Authors: Deanna H Gates, Benjamin J Darter, Jonathan B Dingwell and Jason M Wilken

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:81

    Content type: Research

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  5. Previous studies demonstrated that stroke survivors have a limited capacity to increase their walking speeds beyond their self-selected maximum walking speed (SMWS). The purpose of this study was to determine ...

    Authors: Carmen E Capó-Lugo, Christopher H Mullens and David A Brown

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:80

    Content type: Research

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  6. This paper presents the results of a set of experiments in which we used continuous auditory feedback to augment motor training exercises. This feedback modality is mostly underexploited in current robotic reh...

    Authors: Giulio Rosati, Fabio Oscari, Simone Spagnol, Federico Avanzini and Stefano Masiero

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:79

    Content type: Research

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  7. High-density surface electromyography (HD-SEMG) has recently emerged as a potentially useful tool in the evaluation of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This study addresses a practical constraint that aris...

    Authors: Ping Zhou, Xiaoyan Li, Faezeh Jahanmiri-Nezhad, William Zev Rymer and Paul E Barkhaus

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:78

    Content type: Short report

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  8. Peripheral vestibular hypofunction is a major cause of dizziness. When complicated with postural imbalance, this condition can lead to an increased incidence of falls. In traditional clinical practice, gaze st...

    Authors: Po-Yin Chen, Wan-Ling Hsieh, Shun-Hwa Wei and Chung-Lan Kao

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:77

    Content type: Research

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  9. It is hypothesized that locomotion is achieved by means of rhythm generating networks (central pattern generators) and muscle activation generating networks. This modular organization can be partly identified ...

    Authors: Leonardo Gizzi, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Francesco Felici, Juan C Moreno, José L Pons and Dario Farina

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:76

    Content type: Research

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  10. Motion sensors offer the possibility to obtain spatiotemporal measures of mobility-related activities such as sit-stand and stand-sit transitions. However, the application of new sensor-based methods for asses...

    Authors: Agnes Zijlstra, Martina Mancini, Ulrich Lindemann, Lorenzo Chiari and Wiebren Zijlstra

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:75

    Content type: Research

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  11. Electromyography (EMG) pattern-recognition based control strategies for multifunctional myoelectric prosthesis systems have been studied commonly in a controlled laboratory setting. Before these myoelectric pr...

    Authors: Yanjuan Geng, Ping Zhou and Guanglin Li

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:74

    Content type: Research

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  12. Many contemporary systems for neurorehabilitation utilize 3D virtual environments (VEs) that allow for training patients’ hand or arm movements. In the current paper we comparatively test the effectiveness of ...

    Authors: Wouter van den Hoogen, Peter Feys, Ilse Lamers, Karin Coninx, Sofie Notelaers, Lore Kerkhofs and Wijnand IJsselsteijn

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:73

    Content type: Research

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  13. Several studies have found correlations between proprioception and visuomotor function during stroke recovery, however two more recent studies have found no correlation. Unfortunately, most of the studies to d...

    Authors: Sean P Dukelow, Troy M Herter, Stephen D Bagg and Stephen H Scott

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:72

    Content type: Research

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  14. Several experimental studies in stroke patients suggest that mirror therapy and various virtual reality programs facilitate motor rehabilitation. However, the underlying mechanisms for these therapeutic effect...

    Authors: Youn Joo Kang, Hae Kyung Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Taeo Lim, Jeonghun Ku, Sangwoo Cho, Sun I Kim and Eun Sook Park

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:71

    Content type: Research

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  15. Falls are a significant problem in the older population. Most falls occur during gait, which is primarily regulated by foot placement. Variability of foot placement has been associated with falls, but these as...

    Authors: Brian W Schulz

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:69

    Content type: Research

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  16. Wireless capsule endoscopes for diagnosis and treatment in the gastrointestinal tract face the common problem of active actuation. To tackle this difficulty, a non-invasive intestinal bio-robot system with act...

    Authors: Lan Zhu, Hongying Liu, Zhenyu Wang, Xitian Pi and Shengshan Zhou

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:68

    Content type: Research

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  17. Stroke remains a leading cause of disability worldwide and results in muscle performance deficits and limitations in activity performance. Rehabilitation aims to address muscle dysfunction in an effort to impr...

    Authors: Verna A Stavric and Peter J McNair

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:67

    Content type: Research

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  18. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) applied via transcutaneous electrodes is a common rehabilitation technique for assisting grasp in patients with central nervous system lesions. To improve the stimulatio...

    Authors: Nebojša M Malešević, Lana Z Popović Maneski, Vojin Ilić, Nikola Jorgovanović, Goran Bijelić, Thierry Keller and Dejan B Popović

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:66

    Content type: Research

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  19. Stroke is the most common cause of disability in the developed world and can severely degrade walking function. Robot-driven gait therapy can provide assistance to patients during training and offers a number ...

    Authors: Andrew Pennycott, Dario Wyss, Heike Vallery, Verena Klamroth-Marganska and Robert Riener

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:65

    Content type: Review

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  20. Self-reported gait unsteadiness is often a problem in neurological patients without any clinical evidence of ataxia, because it leads to reduced activity and limitations in function. However, in the literature...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Benedetti, Valentina Agostini, Marco Knaflitz, Verusca Gasparroni, Marco Boschi and Roberto Piperno

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:64

    Content type: Research

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  21. Ankylosing spondylitis is a major chronic rheumatic disease that predominantly affects axial joints, determining a rigid spine from the occiput to the sacrum. The dorsal hyperkyphosis may induce the patients t...

    Authors: Zimi Sawacha, Elena Carraro, Silvia Del Din, Annamaria Guiotto, Lara Bonaldo, Leonardo Punzi, Claudio Cobelli and Stefano Masiero

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:63

    Content type: Research

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  22. Virtual reality (VR) technology along with treadmill training (TT) can effectively provide goal-oriented practice and promote improved motor learning in patients with neurological disorders. Moreover, the VR +...

    Authors: Jungwon Yoon, Hyung-Soon Park and Diane Louise Damiano

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:62

    Content type: Research

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  23. Movement disorders after stroke are still captured by clinical gaze and translated to ordinal scores of low resolution. There is a clear need for objective quantification, with outcome measures related to path...

    Authors: Hanneke JM van der Krogt, Carel GM Meskers, Jurriaan H de Groot, Asbjørn Klomp and J Hans Arendzen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:61

    Content type: Review

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  24. Clinicians need a practical, objective test of postural control that is sensitive to mild neurological disease, shows experimental and clinical validity, and has good test-retest reliability. We developed an i...

    Authors: Martina Mancini, Arash Salarian, Patricia Carlson-Kuhta, Cris Zampieri, Laurie King, Lorenzo Chiari and Fay B Horak

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:59

    Content type: Research

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  25. Many techniques that compensate for locomotion problems in daily life using externally controlled stimulation have recently been reported. These techniques are beneficial for effortlessly supporting patients’ ...

    Authors: Takeshi Muto, Barbara Herzberger, Joachim Hermsdoerfer, Yoshihiro Miyake and Ernst Poeppel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:58

    Content type: Research

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  26. Clinical outcomes after robotic training are often not superior to conventional therapy. One key factor responsible for this is the use of control strategies that provide substantial guidance. This strategy no...

    Authors: Chandramouli Krishnan, Rajiv Ranganathan, Shailesh S Kantak, Yasin Y Dhaher and William Z Rymer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:57

    Content type: Research

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  27. We developed an electroencephalogram-based brain computer interface system to modulate functional electrical stimulation (FES) to the affected tibialis anterior muscle in a stroke patient. The intensity of FES...

    Authors: Mitsuru Takahashi, Kotaro Takeda, Yohei Otaka, Rieko Osu, Takashi Hanakawa, Manabu Gouko and Koji Ito

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:56

    Content type: Methodology

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  28. Powered lower limb prostheses could be more functional if they had access to feedforward control signals from the user’s nervous system. Myoelectric signals are one potential control source. The purpose of thi...

    Authors: Stephanie Huang and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:55

    Content type: Research

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  29. The control of movement in humans is hierarchical and distributed and uses feedback. An assistive system could be best integrated into the therapy of a human with a central nervous system lesion if the system ...

    Authors: Nenad S Jovičić, Lazar V Saranovac and Dejan B Popović

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:54

    Content type: Research

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  30. Multi-axis vibrotactile feedback has been shown to significantly reduce the root-mean-square (RMS) sway, elliptical fits to sway trajectory area, and the time spent outside of the no feedback zone in individua...

    Authors: Kathleen H Sienko, M David Balkwill and Conrad Wall III

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:53

    Content type: Research

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  31. Rehabilitation technology for upper limb training of stroke patients may play an important role as therapy tool in future, in order to meet the increasing therapy demand. Currently, implementation of this tech...

    Authors: Ananda Hochstenbach-Waelen and Henk AM Seelen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:52

    Content type: Research

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  32. Studying the responses in human behaviour to external perturbations during daily motor tasks is of key importance for understanding mechanisms of balance control and for investigating the functional response o...

    Authors: Lorenzo Bassi Luciani, Vincenzo Genovese, Vito Monaco, Luca Odetti, Emanuele Cattin and Silvestro Micera

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:51

    Content type: Research

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  33. A novel artefact removal algorithm is proposed for a self-paced hybrid brain-computer interface (BCI) system. This hybrid system combines a self-paced BCI with an eye-tracker to operate a virtual keyboard. To ...

    Authors: Xinyi Yong, Mehrdad Fatourechi, Rabab K Ward and Gary E Birch

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:50

    Content type: Research

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  34. The potential of robot-mediated therapy and virtual reality in neurorehabilitation is becoming of increasing importance. However, there is limited information, using neuroimaging, on the neural networks involv...

    Authors: Federico Nocchi, Simone Gazzellini, Carmela Grisolia, Maurizio Petrarca, Vittorio Cannatà, Paolo Cappa, Tommaso D’Alessio and Enrico Castelli

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:49

    Content type: Research

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  35. To observe brain activation induced by functional electrical stimulation, voluntary contraction, and the combination of both using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

    Authors: Kyung-Lim Joa, Yong-Hee Han, Chi-Woong Mun, Bong-Kyung Son, Chang-Hyung Lee, Yong-Beom Shin, Hyun-Yoon Ko and Yong-Il Shin

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:48

    Content type: Research

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  36. High-density electroencephalography (EEG) with active electrodes allows for monitoring of electrocortical dynamics during human walking but movement artifacts have the potential to dominate the signal. One pot...

    Authors: Troy M Lau, Joseph T Gwin, Kaleb G McDowell and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:47

    Content type: Research

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  37. Robot-generated deviating forces during multijoint reaching movements have been applied to investigate motor control and to tune neuromotor adaptation. Can the application of force to limbs improve motor learn...

    Authors: Claudia Casellato, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Giovanna Zorzi, Giorgio Rizzi, Giancarlo Ferrigno and Nardo Nardocci

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:46

    Content type: Research

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  38. The next generation of prosthetic limbs will restore sensory feedback to the nervous system by mimicking how skin mechanoreceptors, innervated by afferents, produce trains of action potentials in response to c...

    Authors: Elmer K Kim, Scott A Wellnitz, Sarah M Bourdon, Ellen A Lumpkin and Gregory J Gerling

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:45

    Content type: Research

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  39. The majority of stroke patients have to cope with impaired arm function. Gravity compensation of the arm instantaneously affects abnormal synergistic movement patterns. The goal of the present study is to exam...

    Authors: Thijs Krabben, Gerdienke B Prange, Birgit I Molier, Arno HA Stienen, Michiel JA Jannink, Jaap H Buurke and Johan S Rietman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:44

    Content type: Research

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  40. Humans are capable of fast adaptation to new unknown dynamics that affect their movements. Such motor learning is also believed to be an important part of motor rehabilitation. Bimanual training can improve po...

    Authors: Matic Trlep, Matjaž Mihelj and Marko Munih

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:43

    Content type: Research

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  41. We propose a method for estimating wrist kinematics during dynamic wrist contractions from multi-channel surface electromyography (EMG). The algorithm extracts features from the surface EMG and uses dedicated ...

    Authors: Ning Jiang, Johnny LG Vest-Nielsen, Silvia Muceli and Dario Farina

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in the partial or complete loss of movement and sensation below the level of injury. In individuals with cervical level SCI, there is a great need for voluntary command generat...

    Authors: Abhishek Prasad and Mesut Sahin

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. In spite of the advances made in the design of dexterous anthropomorphic hand prostheses, these sophisticated devices still lack adequate control interfaces which could allow amputees to operate them in an int...

    Authors: Giulia C Matrone, Christian Cipriani, Maria Chiara Carrozza and Giovanni Magenes

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:40

    Content type: Research

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  44. Fatiguing exercises used across studies to induce alterations in postural control are diverse and may explain the different findings reported. This study aimed to compare the effects of two types of fatiguing ...

    Authors: Etienne J Bisson, Anthony Remaud, Sébastien Boyas, Yves Lajoie and Martin Bilodeau

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:39

    Content type: Research

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  45. A complete spinal cord transection results in loss of all supraspinal motor control below the level of the injury. The neural circuitry in the lumbosacral spinal cord, however, can generate locomotor patterns ...

    Authors: Parag Gad, Jonathan Woodbridge, Igor Lavrov, Hui Zhong, Roland R Roy, Majid Sarrafzadeh and V Reggie Edgerton

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:38

    Content type: Research

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  46. Robotic and non-robotic training devices are increasingly being used in the rehabilitation of upper limb function in subjects with neurological disorders. As well as being used for training such devices can al...

    Authors: Claudia Rudhe, Urs Albisser, Michelle L Starkey, Armin Curt and Marc Bolliger

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. This study, conducted in a group of nine chronic patients with right-side hemiparesis after stroke, investigated the effects of a robotic-assisted rehabilitation training with an upper limb robotic exoskeleton...

    Authors: Antonio Frisoli, Caterina Procopio, Carmelo Chisari, Ilaria Creatini, Luca Bonfiglio, Massimo Bergamasco, Bruno Rossi and Maria Chiara Carboncini

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Dysphagia or swallowing disorder negatively impacts a child’s health and development. The gold standard of dysphagia detection is videofluoroscopy which exposes the child to ionizing radiation, and requires sp...

    Authors: Merey Celeste, Kushki Azadeh, Ervin Sejdić, Glenn Berall and Tom Chau

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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