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  1. Reduction of compensation and improved movement quality indicate recovery after stroke. Since clinical measures alone are often inadequate to distinguish between behavioral recovery and compensation, kinematic...

    Authors: Gyrd Thrane, Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen and Margit Alt Murphy

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:76

    Content type: Research

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  2. Elastic ankle exoskeletons with intermediate stiffness springs in parallel with the human plantarflexors can reduce the metabolic cost of walking by ~ 7% at 1.25 m s− 1. In a move toward ‘real-world’ application,...

    Authors: Richard W. Nuckols and Gregory S. Sawicki

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:75

    Content type: Research

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  3. Pharmacologic therapy is the primary treatment used to manage Parkinson’s disease (PD) symptoms. However, it becomes less effective with time and some symptoms do not respond to medication. Complementary inter...

    Authors: Victor Spiandor Beretta, Núbia Ribeiro Conceição, Priscila Nóbrega-Sousa, Diego Orcioli-Silva, Luana Karla Braz Fonseca Dantas, Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi and Rodrigo Vitório

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:74

    Content type: Review

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  4. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques have been shown in several studies to improve the motor recovery of the affected upper-limbs in stroke patients. This study aims to investigate whether or not cathodal...

    Authors: Xiaoling Yao, Lijun Cui, Jixian Wang, Wuwei Feng, Yong Bao and Qing Xie

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:73

    Content type: Short report

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  5. Dual transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the bilateral primary motor cortices (M1s) has potential benefits in chronic stroke, but its effects in subacute stroke, when behavioural effects might be...

    Authors: I-Ju Kuo, Chih-Wei Tang, Yun-An Tsai, Shuen-Chang Tang, Chun-Jen Lin, Shih-Pin Hsu, Wei-Kuang Liang, Chi-Hung Juan, Catharina Zich, Charlotte J. Stagg and I-Hui Lee

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:72

    Content type: Research

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  6. In clinical practice, therapists often rely on clinical outcome measures to quantify a patient’s impairment and function. Predicting a patient’s discharge outcome using baseline clinical information may help c...

    Authors: Yaar Harari, Megan K. O’Brien, Richard L. Lieber and Arun Jayaraman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:71

    Content type: Research

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  7. Sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit transitions are frequent daily functional tasks indicative of muscle power and balance performance. Monitoring these postural transitions with inertial sensors provides an objecti...

    Authors: Arash Atrsaei, Farzin Dadashi, Clint Hansen, Elke Warmerdam, Benoît Mariani, Walter Maetzler and Kamiar Aminian

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:70

    Content type: Research

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  8. Promising studies have shown that the gait symmetry of individuals with hemiparesis due to brain lesions, such as stroke, can improve through motor adaptation protocols forcing patients to use their affected l...

    Authors: Carly J. Sombric and Gelsy Torres-Oviedo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:69

    Content type: Research

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  9. Self-selected speed is an important functional index of walking. A self-pacing controller that reliably matches walking speed without additional hardware can be useful for measuring self-selected speed in a tr...

    Authors: Seungmoon Song, Hojung Choi and Steven H. Collins

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:68

    Content type: Research

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  10. We hypothesized that a selective neural electrical stimulation of radial and median nerves enables the activation of functional movements in the paralyzed hand of individuals with tetraplegia. Compared to prev...

    Authors: Wafa Tigra, Mélissa Dali, Lucie William, Charles Fattal, Anthony Gélis, Jean-Louis Divoux, Bertrand Coulet, Jacques Teissier, David Guiraud and Christine Azevedo Coste

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:66

    Content type: Research

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  11. Apart from biomechanical alterations in movement patterns, it is known that movement limitations in persons with knee osteoarthritis (PwKOA) are related to an individual’s perception and belief regarding pain ...

    Authors: Rob van der Straaten, Mariska Wesseling, Ilse Jonkers, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Amber K. B. D. Bruijnes, Jan Malcorps, Johan Bellemans, Jan Truijen, Liesbet De Baets and Annick Timmermans

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:65

    Content type: Research

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  12. The purpose of this study was to investigate transient bimanual effects on the force control capabilities of the paretic and non-paretic arms in individuals post stroke across submaximal and maximal force cont...

    Authors: Hyun Joon Kim, Nyeonju Kang and James H. Cauraugh

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:64

    Content type: Research

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  13. Human-likeliness of robot movements is a key component to enable a safe and effective human-robot interaction, since it contributes to increase acceptance and motion predictability of robots that have to close...

    Authors: Giuseppe Averta, Cosimo Della Santina, Gaetano Valenza, Antonio Bicchi and Matteo Bianchi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:63

    Content type: Research

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  14. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) offer the ability to measure walking gait through a variety of biomechanical outcomes (e.g., spatiotemporal, kinematics, other). Although many studies have assessed their vali...

    Authors: Dylan Kobsar, Jesse M. Charlton, Calvin T.F. Tse, Jean-Francois Esculier, Angelo Graffos, Natasha M. Krowchuk, Daniel Thatcher and Michael A. Hunt

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:62

    Content type: Review

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  15. Few portable exoskeletons following the assist-as-needed concept have been developed for patients with neurological disorders. Thus, the main objectives of this proof-of-concept study were 1) to explore the sa...

    Authors: G. Puyuelo-Quintana, R. Cano-de-la-Cuerda, A. Plaza-Flores, E. Garces-Castellote, D. Sanz-Merodio, A. Goñi-Arana, J. Marín-Ojea and E. García-Armada

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:60

    Content type: Research

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  16. Cerebral Palsy (CP) is characterised by variable difficulties in muscular action, resulting in inability of the individual to perform functional movement. An option to provide functionality to the individual w...

    Authors: Andréa Fernanda Leal, Talita Dias da Silva, Priscila Bianchi Lopes, Shayan Bahadori, Luciano Vieira de Araújo, Murillo Vinicius Brandão da Costa, Íbis Ariana Peña de Moraes, Ricardo Henrique Marques, Tania Brusque Crocetta, Luiz Carlos de Abreu and Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:59

    Content type: Research

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  17. Compensations are commonly observed in patients with stroke when they engage in reaching without supervision; these behaviors may be detrimental to long-term functional improvement. Automatic detection and red...

    Authors: Siqi Cai, Xuyang Wei, Enze Su, Weifeng Wu, Haiqing Zheng and Longhan Xie

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:58

    Content type: Research

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  18. A substantial number of clinical studies have demonstrated the functional recovery induced by the use of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology in patients after stroke. The objective of this review is to e...

    Authors: Zhongfei Bai, Kenneth N. K. Fong, Jack Jiaqi Zhang, Josephine Chan and K. H. Ting

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:57

    Content type: Review

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  19. Tremor is a cardinal symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD) that may cause severe disability. As such, objective methods to determine the exact characteristics of the tremor may improve the evaluation of therapy....

    Authors: Per-Anders Fransson, Maria H. Nilsson, Diederick C. Niehorster, Marcus Nyström, Stig Rehncrona, Fredrik Tjernström, Måns Magnusson, Rolf Johansson and Mitesh Patel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:56

    Content type: Methodology

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  20. Attentional distraction from pain has been shown to be largely ineffective for obtaining a hypoalgesic effect in patients with chronic pain when compared to a control condition. It has been hypothesized that t...

    Authors: Thomas Matheve, Katleen Bogaerts and Annick Timmermans

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:55

    Content type: Research

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  21. Exoskeletons development arises with a leading role in neurorehabilitation technologies; however, very few prototypes for upper limbs have been tested, contrasted and duly certified in terms of their effective...

    Authors: Ruthber Rodríguez Serrezuela, Mauricio Torres Quezada, Marcia Hernández Zayas, Arquímedes Montoya Pedrón, Daily Milanés Hermosilla and Roberto Sagaró Zamora

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:54

    Content type: Research

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  22. Clinical practice typically emphasizes active involvement during therapy. However, traditional approaches can offer only general guidance on the form of involvement that would be most helpful to recovery. Beyo...

    Authors: Zachary A. Wright, Yazan A. Majeed, James L. Patton and Felix C. Huang

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:53

    Content type: Research

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  23. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disease, with characteristic motor symptoms such as tremor and bradykinesia. There is a growing interest to continuously monitor these and other symptoms ...

    Authors: Nicholas Shawen, Megan K. O’Brien, Sanjeev Venkatesan, Luca Lonini, Tanya Simuni, Jamie L. Hamilton, Roozbeh Ghaffari, John A. Rogers and Arun Jayaraman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:52

    Content type: Research

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  24. Participation in physical and therapeutic activities is usually severely restricted after a spinal cord injury (SCI). Reasons for this are the associated loss of voluntary motor function, inefficient temperatu...

    Authors: Constantin Wiesener, Lotta Spieker, Jens Axelgaard, Rachel Horton, Andreas Niedeggen, Nikolaus Wenger, Thomas Seel and Thomas Schauer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:51

    Content type: Research

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  25. Prediction of Gait intention from pre-movement Electroencephalography (EEG) signals is a vital step in developing a real-time Brain-computer Interface (BCI) for a proper neuro-rehabilitation system. In that re...

    Authors: S. M. Shafiul Hasan, Masudur R. Siddiquee, Roozbeh Atri, Rodrigo Ramon, J. Sebastian Marquez and Ou Bai

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:50

    Content type: Research

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  26. Virtual reality viewed using a head-mounted display (HMD-VR) has the potential to be a useful tool for motor learning and rehabilitation. However, when developing tools for these purposes, it is important to d...

    Authors: Julia M. Juliano and Sook-Lei Liew

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:48

    Content type: Research

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  27. Tremor is the most common movement disorder with the highest prevalence in the upper limbs. The mechanical suppression of involuntary movements is an alternative and additional treatment to medication or surge...

    Authors: Nicolas Philip Fromme, Martin Camenzind, Robert Riener and René M. Rossi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:47

    Content type: Research

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  28. This paper reviews the technological advances and clinical results obtained in the neuroprosthetic management of foot drop. Functional electrical stimulation has been widely applied owing to its corrective abi...

    Authors: Javier Gil-Castillo, Fady Alnajjar, Aikaterini Koutsou, Diego Torricelli and Juan C. Moreno

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:46

    Content type: Review

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  29. Parkinson’s disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET) are neurodegenerative diseases characterized by movement deficits. Especially in PD, maintaining cyclic movement can be significantly disturbed due to patholo...

    Authors: Frauke Luft, Sarvi Sharifi, Winfred Mugge, Alfred C. Schouten, Lo J. Bour, Anne Fleur van Rootselaar, Peter H. Veltink and Tijtske Heida

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:45

    Content type: Research

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  30. Accelerometers have become common for evaluating the efficacy of rehabilitation for patients with neurologic disorders. For example, metrics like use ratio (UR) and magnitude ratio (MR) have been shown to diff...

    Authors: Ying-Chun (Preston) Pan, Brianna Goodwin, Emily Sabelhaus, Keshia M. Peters, Kristie F. Bjornson, Kelly L. D. Pham, William Walker and Katherine M. Steele

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:44

    Content type: Methodology

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  31. The field of prosthetics has been evolving and advancing over the past decade, as patients with missing extremities are expecting to control their prostheses in as normal a way as possible. Scientists have att...

    Authors: Kadir A. Yildiz, Alexander Y. Shin and Kenton R. Kaufman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:43

    Content type: Review

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  32. Current evidence for the effectiveness of post-stroke cognitive rehabilitation is weak, possibly due to two reasons. First, patients typically express cognitive deficits in several domains. Therapies focusing ...

    Authors: Martina Maier, Belén Rubio Ballester, Nuria Leiva Bañuelos, Esther Duarte Oller and Paul F. M. J. Verschure

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:42

    Content type: Research

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  33. There is scientific evidence that older adults aged 65 and over walk with increased step width variability which has been associated with risk of falling. However, there are presently no threshold levels that ...

    Authors: Andreas Skiadopoulos, Emily E. Moore, Harlan R. Sayles, Kendra K. Schmid and Nicholas Stergiou

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:41

    Content type: Review

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  34. Loss of hand function following high level spinal cord injury (SCI) is perceived as a high priority area for rehabilitation. Following discharge, it is often impractical for the specialist care centre to provi...

    Authors: Bethel A.C. Osuagwu, Sarah Timms, Ruth Peachment, Sarah Dowie, Helen Thrussell, Susan Cross, Rebecca Shirley, Antonio Segura-Fragoso and Julian Taylor

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:40

    Content type: Research

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  35. In this systematic review we investigate which instrumented measurements are available to assess motor impairments, related activity limitations and participation restrictions in children and young adults with...

    Authors: Helga Haberfehlner, Marije Goudriaan, Laura A. Bonouvrié, Elise P. Jansma, Jaap Harlaar, R. Jeroen Vermeulen, Marjolein M. van der Krogt and Annemieke I. Buizer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:39

    Content type: Review

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  36. Many studies showed that robot-assisted gait training might improve walking of patients after stroke. The question remains whether patients with other neurological diagnoses can improve their ability to walk b...

    Authors: Stephanie Reichl, Franz Weilbach and Jan Mehrholz

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:38

    Content type: Research

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  37. FES (Functional Electrical Stimulation) neuroprostheses have long been a permanent feature in the rehabilitation and gait support of people who had a stroke or have a Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Over time the we...

    Authors: Philipp Müller, Antonio J. del Ama, Juan C. Moreno and Thomas Schauer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:36

    Content type: Research

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  38. Muscle synergies analysis can provide a deep understanding of motor impairment after stroke and of changes after rehabilitation. In this study, the neuro-mechanical analysis of leg cycling was used to longitud...

    Authors: Emilia Ambrosini, Monica Parati, Elisabetta Peri, Cristiano De Marchis, Claudia Nava, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Giorgio Ferriero and Simona Ferrante

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:35

    Content type: Research

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  39. The Hand Extension Robot Orthosis (HERO) Grip Glove was iteratively designed to meet requests from therapists and persons after a stroke who have severe hand impairment to create a device that extends all five...

    Authors: Aaron Yurkewich, Illya J. Kozak, Debbie Hebert, Rosalie H. Wang and Alex Mihailidis

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:33

    Content type: Research

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  40. Wearable activity monitors that track step count can increase the wearer’s physical activity and motivation but are infrequently designed for the slower gait speed and compensatory patterns after stroke. New a...

    Authors: Dennis R. Louie, Marie-Louise Bird, Carlo Menon and Janice J. Eng

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:31

    Content type: Research

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  41. Originally, the cranks of a handcycle were mounted with a 180° phase shift (asynchronous). However, as handcycling became more popular, the crank mode switched to a parallel mounting (synchronous) over the yea...

    Authors: Cassandra Kraaijenbrink, Riemer J. K. Vegter, Alexander H. R. Hensen, Heiko Wagner and Lucas H. V. van der Woude

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:29

    Content type: Research

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  42. The original article [1] contained an error whereby the captions to Fig. 3 and Fig. 8 were mistakenly interchanged.

    Authors: Matthieu Guemann, Sandra Bouvier, Christophe Halgand, Florent Paclet, Leo Borrini, Damien Ricard, Eric Lapeyre, Daniel Cattaert and Aymar de Rugy

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:27

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2019 16:138

  43. The original article contains an error in Fig 3f whereby data is erroneously extrapolated beyond 80 years of age; this also affects statements made elsewhere in the article.

    Authors: Martin Grimmer, Robert Riener, Conor James Walsh and Andre Seyfarth

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:26

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2019 16:2

  44. Since the early 2000s, researchers have been trying to develop lower-limb exoskeletons that augment human mobility by reducing the metabolic cost of walking and running versus without a device. In 2013, resear...

    Authors: Gregory S. Sawicki, Owen N. Beck, Inseung Kang and Aaron J. Young

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:25

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  45. Leg amputees suffer the lack of sensory feedback from a prosthesis, which is connected to their low confidence during walking, falls and low mobility. Electrical peripheral nerve stimulation (ePNS) of upper-li...

    Authors: Marek Zelechowski, Giacomo Valle and Stanisa Raspopovic

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. High frequency alternating current (HFAC) stimulation have been shown to produce a peripheral nerve conduction block. Currently, all the studies applying HFAC stimulation in clinical studies, have employed fre...

    Authors: Diego Serrano-Muñoz, Juan Avendaño-Coy, Cristina Simón-Martínez, Julian Taylor and Julio Gómez-Soriano

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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