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  1. Content type: Research

    Conflicting results have been reported regarding the relationship between stride time variability (STV) and walking speed. While some studies failed to establish any relationship, others reported either a line...

    Authors: Olivier Beauchet, Cedric Annweiler, Yhann Lecordroch, Gilles Allali, Veronique Dubost, François R Herrmann and Reto W Kressig

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:32

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  2. Content type: Research

    Spasticity is a common impairment accompanying stroke. Spasticity of the quadriceps femoris muscle can be quantified using the pendulum test. The measurement properties of pendular kinematics captured using a ...

    Authors: Richard W Bohannon, Steven Harrison and Jeffrey Kinsella-Shaw

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:30

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  3. Content type: Research

    Instead of hyper-reflexia as sole paradigm, post-stroke movement disorders are currently considered the result of a complex interplay between neuronal and muscular properties, modified by level of activity. We...

    Authors: Carel GM Meskers, Alfred C Schouten, Jurriaan H de Groot, Erwin de Vlugt, Bob JJ van Hilten, Frans CT van der Helm and Hans JH Arendzen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:29

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  4. Content type: Research

    Current neuroscience has identified rehabilitation approaches with the potential to stimulate adaptive changes in the brains of persons with hemiparesis. These approaches include, intensive task-oriented train...

    Authors: Sergei V Adamovich, Gerard G Fluet, Abraham Mathai, Qinyin Qiu, Jeffrey Lewis and Alma S Merians

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:28

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  5. Content type: Research

    Gait dysfunction and fatigue are common post-stroke, though it is unclear how extended walking activity, as would be performed during activities of daily living, may change over time. The purpose of this study...

    Authors: Kathryn M Sibley, Ada Tang, Kara K Patterson, Dina Brooks and William E McIlroy

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:27

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  6. Content type: Methodology

    Demands on long-term-care facilities are predicted to increase at an unprecedented rate as the baby boomer generation reaches retirement age. Aging-in-place (i.e. aging at home) is the desire of most seniors a...

    Authors: Melinda Hamill, Vicky Young, Jennifer Boger and Alex Mihailidis

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:26

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  7. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to longitudinally compare the sensitivity of previously documented paradigms for measuring balance control during gait following a concussion. We hypothesized that gait with a con...

    Authors: Robert D Catena, Paul van Donkelaar and Li-Shan Chou

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:25

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  8. Content type: Research

    Robotics is emerging as a promising tool for functional training of human movement. Much of the research in this area over the last decade has focused on upper extremity orthotic devices. Some recent commercia...

    Authors: Kalyan K Mankala, Sai K Banala and Sunil K Agrawal

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:24

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  9. Content type: Research

    The goal of this study was to test the mechanical performance of a prototype knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) powered by artificial pneumatic muscles during human walking. We had previously built a powered ankl...

    Authors: Gregory S Sawicki and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:23

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  10. Content type: Research

    Biomechanical energy harvesting–generating electricity from people during daily activities–is a promising alternative to batteries for powering increasingly sophisticated portable devices. We recently develope...

    Authors: Qingguo Li, Veronica Naing and J Maxwell Donelan

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:22

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  11. Content type: Research

    A self-contained, self-controlled, pneumatic power harvesting ankle-foot orthosis (PhAFO) to manage foot-drop was developed and tested. Foot-drop is due to a disruption of the motor control pathway and may occ...

    Authors: Robin Chin, Elizabeth T Hsiao-Wecksler, Eric Loth, Géza Kogler, Scott D Manwaring, Serena N Tyson, K Alex Shorter and Joel N Gilmer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:19

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  12. Content type: Research

    While manually-assisted body-weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) has revealed improved locomotor function in persons with post-stroke hemiparesis, outcomes are inconsistent and it is very labor intensi...

    Authors: Kelly P Westlake and Carolynn Patten

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:18

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  13. Content type: Commentary

    It is a fantastic time for the field of robotic exoskeletons. Recent advances in actuators, sensors, materials, batteries, and computer processors have given new hope to creating the exoskeletons of yesteryear...

    Authors: Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:17

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  14. Content type: Research

    Adapting to external forces during walking has been proposed as a tool to improve locomotion after central nervous system injury. However, sensorimotor integration during walking varies according to the timing...

    Authors: Martin Noel, Karine Fortin and Laurent J Bouyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:16

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  15. Content type: Research

    There is a need to develop cost-effective, sensitive stroke assessment instruments. One approach is examining kinematic measures derived from goal-directed tasks, which can potentially be sensitive to the subt...

    Authors: Xin Feng and Jack M Winters

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:15

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  16. Content type: Research

    Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) use electroencephalography (EEG) to interpret user intention and control an output device accordingly. We describe a novel BCI method to use a signal from five EEG channels (com...

    Authors: Turan A Kayagil, Ou Bai, Craig S Henriquez, Peter Lin, Stephen J Furlani, Sherry Vorbach and Mark Hallett

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:14

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  17. Content type: Research

    Balance impairment is one of the most distressing symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) even with pharmacological treatment (levodopa). A complementary treatment is high frequency stimulation in the subthalamic...

    Authors: Maria H Nilsson, Per-Anders Fransson, Gun-Britt Jarnlo, Måns Magnusson and Stig Rehncrona

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:13

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  18. Content type: Research

    A sagittal plane spine reposition sense device (SRSD) has been developed. Two questions were addressed with this study concerning the new SRSD: 1) whether spine movement was occurring with the methodology, and...

    Authors: Cheryl M Petersen and Peter J Rundquist

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:12

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  19. Content type: Research

    People with severe motor impairments often require an alternative access pathway, such as a binary switch, to communicate and to interact with their environment. A wide range of access pathways have been devel...

    Authors: Negar Memarian, Anastasios N Venetsanopoulos and Tom Chau

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:11

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  20. Content type: Research

    There is a limited understanding about how gait speed influences the control of upper body motion during walking. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to examine how gait speed influences healthy i...

    Authors: Justin J Kavanagh

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:9

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  21. Content type: Commentary

    The incidence of physical disability in the community resulting from neurological dysfunction is predicted to increase in the coming years. The impetus for immediate and critical evaluation of physical neurore...

    Authors: Dylan J Edwards

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:3

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  22. Content type: Research

    In the evaluation of upper limb impairment post stroke there remains a gap between detailed kinematic analyses with expensive motion capturing systems and common clinical assessment tests. In particular, altho...

    Authors: Sibylle B Thies, Phil A Tresadern, Laurence P Kenney, Joel Smith, David Howard, John Y Goulermas, Christine Smith and Julie Rigby

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:2

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  23. Content type: Review

    It is the purpose of this article to identify and review criteria that rehabilitation technology should meet in order to offer arm-hand training to stroke patients, based on recent principles of motor learning.

    Authors: Annick AA Timmermans, Henk AM Seelen, Richard D Willmann and Herman Kingma

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:1

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  24. Content type: Methodology

    Chronic neck pain is a common problem and is often associated with changes in sensorimotor functions, such as reduced proprioceptive acuity of the neck, altered coordination of the cervical muscles, and increa...

    Authors: Ulrik Röijezon, Martin Björklund, Mikael Bergenheim and Mats Djupsjöbacka

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:36

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  25. Content type: Research

    Working while exposed to motions, physically and psychologically affects a person. Traditionally, motion sickness symptom reduction has implied use of medication, which can lead to detrimental effects on perfo...

    Authors: Joakim Dahlman, Anna Sjörs, Torbjörn Ledin and Torbjörn Falkmer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:35

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  26. Content type: Research

    The pathophysiology of non-specific arm pain (NSAP) is unclear and the diagnosis is made by excluding other specific upper limb pathologies, such as lateral epicondylitis or cervical radiculopathy. The purpose...

    Authors: Kristina M Calder, Daniel W Stashuk and Linda McLean

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:34

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  27. Content type: Research

    Direct electrical activation of skeletal muscles of patients with upper motor neuron lesions can restore functional movements, such as standing or walking. Because responses to electrical stimulation are highl...

    Authors: Ramu Perumal, Anthony S Wexler and Stuart A Binder-Macleod

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:33

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  28. Content type: Research

    Flexed posture commonly increases with age and is related to musculoskeletal impairment and reduced physical performance. The purpose of this clinical study was to systematically compare the effects of a physi...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Benedetti, Lisa Berti, Chiara Presti, Antonio Frizziero and Sandro Giannini

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:32

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  29. Content type: Research

    In the past, several research groups have shown that when a velocity dependent force field is applied during upper limb movements subjects are able to deal with this external perturbation after some training. ...

    Authors: Benedetta Cesqui, Giovanna Macrì, Paolo Dario and Silvestro Micera

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:31

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  30. Content type: Research

    The control of the head movements during walking allows for the stabilisation of the optic flow, for a more effective processing of the vestibular system signals, and for the consequent control of equilibrium.

    Authors: Claudia Mazzà, Marco Iosa, Fabrizio Pecoraro and Aurelio Cappozzo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:30

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  31. Content type: Research

    Variability in stride velocity during walking characterizes gait instability and predicts falling in older individuals. Walking while executing a cognitive task is also associated with increased risk of fallin...

    Authors: Andrew W Priest, Kathleen B Salamon and John H Hollman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:29

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  32. Content type: Research

    Slowness is a well-recognized feature of movements in aging. One of the possible reasons for slowness suggested by previous research is production of corrective submovements that compensate for shortened prima...

    Authors: Laetitia Fradet, Gyusung Lee and Natalia Dounskaia

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:28

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  33. Content type: Research

    It has been suggested in the past that the ability to walk while concurrently engaging in a second task deteriorates in old age, and that this deficit is related to the high incidence of falls in the elderly. ...

    Authors: Otmar Bock

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:27

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  34. Content type: Review

    In this primer, we give a review of the inverse problem for EEG source localization. This is intended for the researchers new in the field to get insight in the state-of-the-art techniques used to find approxi...

    Authors: Roberta Grech, Tracey Cassar, Joseph Muscat, Kenneth P Camilleri, Simon G Fabri, Michalis Zervakis, Petros Xanthopoulos, Vangelis Sakkalis and Bart Vanrumste

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:25

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  35. Content type: Research

    Traditionally synchronous access strategies require users to comply with one or more time constraints in order to communicate intent with a binary human-machine interface (e.g., mechanical, gestural or neural ...

    Authors: Jorge Silva, Jorge Torres-Solis, Tom Chau and Alex Mihailidis

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:24

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  36. Content type: Research

    Isometric force measurements in the lower extremity are widely used in rehabilitation of subjects with neurological movement disorders (NMD) because walking ability has been shown to be related to muscle stren...

    Authors: Marc Bolliger, Raphael Banz, Volker Dietz and Lars Lünenburger

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:23

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  37. Content type: Research

    Aging leads to increases in gait variability which may explain the large incidence of falls in the elderly. Body weight support training may be utilized to improve gait in the elderly and minimize falls. Howev...

    Authors: Anastasia Kyvelidou, Max J Kurz, Julie L Ehlers and Nicholas Stergiou

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:22

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  38. Content type: Research

    The functional outcome after stroke is improved by more intensive or sustained therapy. When the affected hand has no functional movement, therapy is mainly passive movements. A novel device for repeating cont...

    Authors: Stefan Hesse, H Kuhlmann, J Wilk, C Tomelleri and Stephen GB Kirker

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:21

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  39. Content type: Research

    It has been suggested that there is a dose-response relationship between the amount of therapy and functional recovery in post-acute rehabilitation care. To this day, only the total time of therapy has been in...

    Authors: Stéphane Choquette, Mathieu Hamel and Patrick Boissy

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2008 5:20

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