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  1. Clinical outcomes after robotic training are often not superior to conventional therapy. One key factor responsible for this is the use of control strategies that provide substantial guidance. This strategy no...

    Authors: Chandramouli Krishnan, Rajiv Ranganathan, Shailesh S Kantak, Yasin Y Dhaher and William Z Rymer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:57

    Content type: Research

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  2. We developed an electroencephalogram-based brain computer interface system to modulate functional electrical stimulation (FES) to the affected tibialis anterior muscle in a stroke patient. The intensity of FES...

    Authors: Mitsuru Takahashi, Kotaro Takeda, Yohei Otaka, Rieko Osu, Takashi Hanakawa, Manabu Gouko and Koji Ito

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:56

    Content type: Methodology

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  3. Powered lower limb prostheses could be more functional if they had access to feedforward control signals from the user’s nervous system. Myoelectric signals are one potential control source. The purpose of thi...

    Authors: Stephanie Huang and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:55

    Content type: Research

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  4. The control of movement in humans is hierarchical and distributed and uses feedback. An assistive system could be best integrated into the therapy of a human with a central nervous system lesion if the system ...

    Authors: Nenad S Jovičić, Lazar V Saranovac and Dejan B Popović

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:54

    Content type: Research

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  5. Multi-axis vibrotactile feedback has been shown to significantly reduce the root-mean-square (RMS) sway, elliptical fits to sway trajectory area, and the time spent outside of the no feedback zone in individua...

    Authors: Kathleen H Sienko, M David Balkwill and Conrad Wall III

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:53

    Content type: Research

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  6. Rehabilitation technology for upper limb training of stroke patients may play an important role as therapy tool in future, in order to meet the increasing therapy demand. Currently, implementation of this tech...

    Authors: Ananda Hochstenbach-Waelen and Henk AM Seelen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:52

    Content type: Research

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  7. Studying the responses in human behaviour to external perturbations during daily motor tasks is of key importance for understanding mechanisms of balance control and for investigating the functional response o...

    Authors: Lorenzo Bassi Luciani, Vincenzo Genovese, Vito Monaco, Luca Odetti, Emanuele Cattin and Silvestro Micera

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:51

    Content type: Research

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  8. A novel artefact removal algorithm is proposed for a self-paced hybrid brain-computer interface (BCI) system. This hybrid system combines a self-paced BCI with an eye-tracker to operate a virtual keyboard. To ...

    Authors: Xinyi Yong, Mehrdad Fatourechi, Rabab K Ward and Gary E Birch

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:50

    Content type: Research

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  9. The potential of robot-mediated therapy and virtual reality in neurorehabilitation is becoming of increasing importance. However, there is limited information, using neuroimaging, on the neural networks involv...

    Authors: Federico Nocchi, Simone Gazzellini, Carmela Grisolia, Maurizio Petrarca, Vittorio Cannatà, Paolo Cappa, Tommaso D’Alessio and Enrico Castelli

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:49

    Content type: Research

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  10. To observe brain activation induced by functional electrical stimulation, voluntary contraction, and the combination of both using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

    Authors: Kyung-Lim Joa, Yong-Hee Han, Chi-Woong Mun, Bong-Kyung Son, Chang-Hyung Lee, Yong-Beom Shin, Hyun-Yoon Ko and Yong-Il Shin

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:48

    Content type: Research

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  11. High-density electroencephalography (EEG) with active electrodes allows for monitoring of electrocortical dynamics during human walking but movement artifacts have the potential to dominate the signal. One pot...

    Authors: Troy M Lau, Joseph T Gwin, Kaleb G McDowell and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:47

    Content type: Research

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  12. Robot-generated deviating forces during multijoint reaching movements have been applied to investigate motor control and to tune neuromotor adaptation. Can the application of force to limbs improve motor learn...

    Authors: Claudia Casellato, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Giovanna Zorzi, Giorgio Rizzi, Giancarlo Ferrigno and Nardo Nardocci

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:46

    Content type: Research

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  13. The next generation of prosthetic limbs will restore sensory feedback to the nervous system by mimicking how skin mechanoreceptors, innervated by afferents, produce trains of action potentials in response to c...

    Authors: Elmer K Kim, Scott A Wellnitz, Sarah M Bourdon, Ellen A Lumpkin and Gregory J Gerling

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:45

    Content type: Research

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  14. The majority of stroke patients have to cope with impaired arm function. Gravity compensation of the arm instantaneously affects abnormal synergistic movement patterns. The goal of the present study is to exam...

    Authors: Thijs Krabben, Gerdienke B Prange, Birgit I Molier, Arno HA Stienen, Michiel JA Jannink, Jaap H Buurke and Johan S Rietman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:44

    Content type: Research

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  15. Humans are capable of fast adaptation to new unknown dynamics that affect their movements. Such motor learning is also believed to be an important part of motor rehabilitation. Bimanual training can improve po...

    Authors: Matic Trlep, Matjaž Mihelj and Marko Munih

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:43

    Content type: Research

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  16. We propose a method for estimating wrist kinematics during dynamic wrist contractions from multi-channel surface electromyography (EMG). The algorithm extracts features from the surface EMG and uses dedicated ...

    Authors: Ning Jiang, Johnny LG Vest-Nielsen, Silvia Muceli and Dario Farina

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:42

    Content type: Research

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  17. Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in the partial or complete loss of movement and sensation below the level of injury. In individuals with cervical level SCI, there is a great need for voluntary command generat...

    Authors: Abhishek Prasad and Mesut Sahin

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:41

    Content type: Research

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  18. In spite of the advances made in the design of dexterous anthropomorphic hand prostheses, these sophisticated devices still lack adequate control interfaces which could allow amputees to operate them in an int...

    Authors: Giulia C Matrone, Christian Cipriani, Maria Chiara Carrozza and Giovanni Magenes

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:40

    Content type: Research

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  19. Fatiguing exercises used across studies to induce alterations in postural control are diverse and may explain the different findings reported. This study aimed to compare the effects of two types of fatiguing ...

    Authors: Etienne J Bisson, Anthony Remaud, Sébastien Boyas, Yves Lajoie and Martin Bilodeau

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:39

    Content type: Research

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  20. A complete spinal cord transection results in loss of all supraspinal motor control below the level of the injury. The neural circuitry in the lumbosacral spinal cord, however, can generate locomotor patterns ...

    Authors: Parag Gad, Jonathan Woodbridge, Igor Lavrov, Hui Zhong, Roland R Roy, Majid Sarrafzadeh and V Reggie Edgerton

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:38

    Content type: Research

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  21. Robotic and non-robotic training devices are increasingly being used in the rehabilitation of upper limb function in subjects with neurological disorders. As well as being used for training such devices can al...

    Authors: Claudia Rudhe, Urs Albisser, Michelle L Starkey, Armin Curt and Marc Bolliger

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:37

    Content type: Research

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  22. This study, conducted in a group of nine chronic patients with right-side hemiparesis after stroke, investigated the effects of a robotic-assisted rehabilitation training with an upper limb robotic exoskeleton...

    Authors: Antonio Frisoli, Caterina Procopio, Carmelo Chisari, Ilaria Creatini, Luca Bonfiglio, Massimo Bergamasco, Bruno Rossi and Maria Chiara Carboncini

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:36

    Content type: Research

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  23. Dysphagia or swallowing disorder negatively impacts a child’s health and development. The gold standard of dysphagia detection is videofluoroscopy which exposes the child to ionizing radiation, and requires sp...

    Authors: Merey Celeste, Kushki Azadeh, Ervin Sejdić, Glenn Berall and Tom Chau

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:34

    Content type: Research

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  24. Prosthetic hand users have to rely extensively on visual feedback, which seems to lead to a high conscious burden for the users, in order to manipulate their prosthetic devices. Indirect methods (electro-cutan...

    Authors: Jose Gonzalez, Hirokazu Soma, Masashi Sekine and Wenwei Yu

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:33

    Content type: Research

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  25. Novel stroke rehabilitation techniques that employ electrical stimulation (ES) and robotic technologies are effective in reducing upper limb impairments. ES is most effective when it is applied to support the ...

    Authors: Katie L Meadmore, Ann-Marie Hughes, Chris T Freeman, Zhonglun Cai, Daisy Tong, Jane H Burridge and Eric Rogers

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:32

    Content type: Research

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  26. Functional training is becoming the state-of-the-art therapy approach for rehabilitation of individuals after stroke and spinal cord injury. Robot-aided treadmill training reduces personnel effort, especially ...

    Authors: Alex Schück, Rob Labruyère, Heike Vallery, Robert Riener and Alexander Duschau-Wicke

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:31

    Content type: Research

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  27. Clinical scores represent the gold standard in characterizing the clinical condition of patients in vegetative or minimally conscious state. However, they suffer from problems of sensitivity, specificity, subj...

    Authors: Martin Wieser, Lilith Buetler, Heike Vallery, Judith Schaller, Andreas Mayr, Markus Kofler, Leopold Saltuari, Daniel Zutter and Robert Riener

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:30

    Content type: Methodology

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  28. Myoelectric control of upper extremity powered prostheses has been used clinically for many years, however this approach has not been fully developed for lower extremity prosthetic devices. With the advent of ...

    Authors: Mahyo Seyedali, Joseph M Czerniecki, David C Morgenroth and Michael E Hahn

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:29

    Content type: Research

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  29. In rehabilitation, training intensity is usually adapted to optimize the trained system to attain better performance (overload principle). However, in balance rehabilitation, the level of intensity required du...

    Authors: Cyril Duclos, Carole Miéville, Dany Gagnon and Catherine Leclerc

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:28

    Content type: Research

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  30. Arthritis of the hand can limit a person’s ability to perform daily activities. Whether or not sensory deficits contribute to the disability in this population remains unknown. The primary purpose of this stud...

    Authors: Kristina M Calder, Alison Martin, Jessica Lydiate, Joy C MacDermid, Victoria Galea and Norma J MacIntyre

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:27

    Content type: Research

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  31. Hemianaesthesia patients usually exhibit awkward and inefficient finger movements of the affected hands. Conventionally, most interventions emphasize the improvement of motor deficits, but rarely address senso...

    Authors: Hsiu-Yun Hsu, Cheng-Feng Lin, Fong-Chin Su, Huan-Ting Kuo, Haw-Yen Chiu and Li-Chieh Kuo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:26

    Content type: Research

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  32. The purpose of this study was to determine the comparative effectiveness of feedback control systems for maintaining standing balance based on joint kinematics or total body center of mass (COM) acceleration, ...

    Authors: Raviraj Nataraj, Musa L Audu and Ronald J Triolo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:25

    Content type: Research

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  33. A 3 × 4 electrode array was placed over each of seven muscles and surface electromyography (sEMG) data were collected during isometric contractions. For each array, nine bipolar electrode pairs were formed off...

    Authors: Cynthia Kendell, Edward D Lemaire, Yves Losier, Adam Wilson, Adrian Chan and Bernie Hudgins

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:24

    Content type: Methodology

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  34. In the fall of 2010, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Veteran's Administration jointly supported a review of mobility technology in Europe. A delegation of Americ...

    Authors: Brian Caulfield, Ted A Conway and Silvestro Micera

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:23

    Content type: Editorial

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  35. Mobility technologies, including wheelchairs, prostheses, joint replacements, assistive devices, and therapeutic exercise equipment help millions of people participate in desired life activities. Yet, these te...

    Authors: David J Reinkensmeyer, Paolo Bonato, Michael L Boninger, Leighton Chan, Rachel E Cowan, Benjamin J Fregly and Mary M Rodgers

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:22

    Content type: Commentary

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  36. The aim of this review paper is to summarize recent developments in the field of wearable sensors and systems that are relevant to the field of rehabilitation. The growing body of work focused on the applicati...

    Authors: Shyamal Patel, Hyung Park, Paolo Bonato, Leighton Chan and Mary Rodgers

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:21

    Content type: Review

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  37. Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve ...

    Authors: Rachel E Cowan, Benjamin J Fregly, Michael L Boninger, Leighton Chan, Mary M Rodgers and David J Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:20

    Content type: Review

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  38. The purpose of this paper is to describe the education, research, technology transfer, and cooperative models that appear to have the greatest likelihood of successfully tackling the issue of technology to imp...

    Authors: Michael L Boninger, Rachel E Cowan and Benjamin J Fregly

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:19

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Mobility impairments due to injury or disease have a significant impact on quality of life. Consequently, development of effective treatments to restore or replace lost function is an important societal challe...

    Authors: Benjamin J Fregly, Michael L Boninger and David J Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:18

    Content type: Review

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  40. There has been a dramatic increase over the last decade in research on technologies for enhancing movement training and exercise for people with a disability. This paper reviews some of the recent developments...

    Authors: David J Reinkensmeyer and Michael L Boninger

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:17

    Content type: Commentary

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  41. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of 8-week balance or weight training on ankle joint stiffness and limb stability for older adults, furthermore, on outcomes of slips while walking...

    Authors: Sukwon Kim and Thurmon Lockhart

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:15

    Content type: Research

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  42. Vestibular prosthetics transmit angular velocities to the nervous system via electrical stimulation. Head-fixed gyroscopes measure angular motion, but the gyroscope coordinate system will not be coincident wit...

    Authors: Jack DiGiovanna, Jacopo Carpaneto, Silvestro Micera and Daniel M Merfeld

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:14

    Content type: Methodology

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  43. The use of automated electromechanical devices for gait training in neurological patients is increasing, yet the functional outcomes of well-defined training programs using these devices and the characteristic...

    Authors: Lucas Conesa, Úrsula Costa, Eva Morales, Dylan J Edwards, Mar Cortes, Daniel León, Montserrat Bernabeu and Josep Medina

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:13

    Content type: Research

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  44. Few studies looked at the association between gait variability and executive subdomains (ESD). The aim of this study was to examine the association between ESD (i.e., information updating and monitoring) and s...

    Authors: Olivier Beauchet, Cédric Annweiler, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Bruno Fantino, François R Herrmann and Gilles Allali

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:12

    Content type: Short report

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  45. Symmetry and regularity of gait are essential outcomes of gait retraining programs, especially in lower-limb amputees. This study aims presenting an algorithm to automatically compute symmetry and regularity i...

    Authors: Andrea Tura, Laura Rocchi, Michele Raggi, Andrea G Cutti and Lorenzo Chiari

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:11

    Content type: Research

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  46. In their current laboratory-based form, existing vibrotactile sensory augmentation technologies that provide cues of body motion are impractical for home-based rehabilitation use due to their size, weight, com...

    Authors: Beom-Chan Lee, Jeonghee Kim, Shu Chen and Kathleen H Sienko

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:10

    Content type: Research

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  47. The estimation of the spatio-temporal gait parameters is of primary importance in both physical activity monitoring and clinical contexts. A method for estimating step length bilaterally, during level walking,...

    Authors: Alper Köse, Andrea Cereatti and Ugo Della Croce

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:9

    Content type: Research

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  48. Sitting pivot transfer (SPT) is one of the most important, but at the same time strenuous at the upper extremity, functional task for spinal cord injured individuals. In order to better teach this task to thos...

    Authors: Guillaume Desroches, Martin Vermette, Philippe Gourdou and Dany Gagnon

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012 9:7

    Content type: Methodology

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