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  1. During daily activities, the active control of balance often is a task per se (for example, when standing in a moving bus). Other constraints like fatigue can add to the complexity of this balance task. In the...

    Authors: Martin Simoneau, François Bégin and Normand Teasdale

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  2. There is currently a paucity of devices available for continuous, long-term monitoring of human joint motion. Non-invasive, inexpensive devices capable of recording human activity and joint motion have many ap...

    Authors: James Huddleston, Amer Alaiti, Dov Goldvasser, Donna Scarborough, Andrew Freiberg, Harry Rubash, Henrik Malchau, William Harris and David Krebs

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:21

    Content type: Research

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  3. Mechanical guidance with a robotic device is a candidate technique for teaching people desired movement patterns during motor rehabilitation, surgery, and sports training, but it is unclear how effective this ...

    Authors: J Liu, S C Cramer and DJ Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:20

    Content type: Research

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  4. The aim of the study was to assess the attentional requirements of steady state treadmill walking in human subjects using a dual task paradigm. The extent of decrement of a secondary (cognitive) RT task provid...

    Authors: Jean Philippe Regnaux, Johanna Robertson, Djamel Ben Smail, Olivier Daniel and Bernard Bussel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  5. Development of reliable and objective evaluation methods is required, particularly for natural and goal-oriented upper-extremity tasks. Three-dimensional imaging measurement techniques have turned out to be a ...

    Authors: Margit Alt Murphy, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Bo Johnels and Carin Willén

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:18

    Content type: Research

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  6. The presence of abnormal muscle activation patterns is a well documented factor limiting the motor rehabilitation of patients following stroke. These abnormal muscle activation patterns, or synergies, have pre...

    Authors: Nathan Neckel, Marlena Pelliccio, Diane Nichols and Joseph Hidler

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:17

    Content type: Research

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  7. Breath – holding (BH) is a suitable method for inducing cerebral vasomotor reactivity (VMR). The assessment of VMR is of clinical importance for the early detection of risk conditions and for the follow-up of ...

    Authors: Filippo Molinari, William Liboni, Gianfranco Grippi and Emanuela Negri

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:16

    Content type: Methodology

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  8. Surface electromyography (EMG) parameters such as root-mean-square value (RMS) are commonly used to assess the muscle activation level that is imposed by the central nervous system (CNS). However, RMS is influ...

    Authors: Laura AC Kallenberg and Hermie J Hermens

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:15

    Content type: Research

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  9. Silent aspiration or the inhalation of foodstuffs without overt physiological signs presents a serious health issue for children with dysphagia. To date, there are no reliable means of detecting aspiration in ...

    Authors: Joon Lee, Stefanie Blain, Mike Casas, Dave Kenny, Glenn Berall and Tom Chau

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  10. Providing active assistance to complete desired arm movements is a common technique in upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke. Such active assistance may improve recovery by affecting somatosensory input,...

    Authors: Leonard E Kahn, Michele L Zygman, W Zev Rymer and David J Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  11. The original use of biofeedback to train single muscle activity in static positions or movement unrelated to function did not correlate well to motor function improvements in patients with central nervous syst...

    Authors: He Huang, Steven L Wolf and Jiping He

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:11

    Content type: Review

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  12. The cervical muscles are considered a potential site of whiplash injury, and there is a need to understand the cervical muscle response under non-conventional whiplash impact scenarios, including variable body...

    Authors: Shrawan Kumar, Robert Ferrari, Yogesh Narayan and Edgar Vieira

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:10

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Spaceflight has been shown to cause atrophy, reduced functional capacity, and increased fatigue in lower-limb skeletal muscles. The mechanisms of these losses are not fully understood but are thought to result...

    Authors: Mark C Pierre, Kerim O Genc, Micah Litow, Brad Humphreys, Andrea J Rice, Christian C Maender and Peter R Cavanagh

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  14. The assessment of the accuracy of the pose estimation of human bones and consequent joint kinematics is of primary relevance in human movement analysis. This study evaluated the performance of selected pose es...

    Authors: Andrea Cereatti, Ugo Della Croce and Aurelio Cappozzo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. Over the centuries the evolution of methods for the capture of human movement has been motivated by the need for new information on the characteristics of normal and pathological human movement. This study was...

    Authors: Lars Mündermann, Stefano Corazza and Thomas P Andriacchi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:6

    Content type: Review

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  16. Brand's four reasons for clinical tests and his analysis of the characteristics of valid biomechanical tests for use in orthopaedics are taken as a basis for determining what methodologies are required for gai...

    Authors: Richard Baker

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:4

    Content type: Review

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  17. Powered lower limb orthoses could reduce therapist labor during gait rehabilitation after neurological injury. However, it is not clear how patients respond to powered assistance during stepping. Patients migh...

    Authors: Gregory S Sawicki, Antoinette Domingo and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:3

    Content type: Research

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  18. In understanding how the human body perceives and responds to small slip-like motions, information on how one senses the slip is essential. The effect of aging and plantar sensory loss on detection of a slip c...

    Authors: Samantha J Richerson, Scott M Morstatt, Kristopher K O'Neal, Gloria Patrick and Charles J Robinson

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:2

    Content type: Research

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  19. The general objective of the "Rehabilitation Medicine Summit: Building Research Capacity" was to advance and promote research in medical rehabilitation by making recommendations to expand research capacity. Th...

    Authors: Walter R Frontera, Marcus J Fuhrer, Alan M Jette, Leighton Chan, Rory A Cooper, Pamela W Duncan, John D Kemp, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, P Hunter Peckham, Elliot J Roth and Denise G Tate

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:1

    Content type: Commentary

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  20. The peak-to-peak (P-P) amplitude of the maximum M-wave and the area of the negative phase of the curve are important measures that serve as methodological controls in H-reflex studies, motor unit number estima...

    Authors: Kristina M Calder, Lesley-Ann Hall, Steve M Lester, J Greig Inglis and David A Gabriel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:33

    Content type: Research

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  21. Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is a common syndrome in which a patient fails to report or respond to stimulation from the side of space opposite a brain lesion, where these symptoms are not due to primary se...

    Authors: Toshiaki Tanaka, Shunichi Sugihara, Hiroyuki Nara, Shuichi Ino and Tohru Ifukube

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:31

    Content type: Research

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  22. Almost 10% of all individuals who are legally blind also have a mobility impairment. The majority of these individuals are dependent on others for mobility. The Smart Power Assistance Module (SPAM) for manual ...

    Authors: Richard Simpson, Edmund LoPresti, Steve Hayashi, Songfeng Guo, Dan Ding, William Ammer, Vinod Sharma and Rory Cooper

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:30

    Content type: Research

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  23. The present study investigates balance control mechanisms, their variations with the absence of visual input, and their development in children from 7 to 11 years old, in order to provide insights on the devel...

    Authors: Maurizio Schmid, Silvia Conforto, Luisa Lopez, Paolo Renzi and Tommaso D'Alessio

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:29

    Content type: Research

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  24. To study the effects of reduced lighting on the gait of older adults with a high level gait disorder (HLGD) and to compare their response to that of healthy elderly controls.

    Authors: Anat Kesler, Gregory Leibovich, Talia Herman, Leor Gruendlinger, Nir Giladi and Jeffrey M Hausdorff

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:27

    Content type: Research

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  25. Little information exists about the involvement of attention in the control of gait rhythmicity. Variability of both stride time and stride length is closely related to the control of the rhythmic stepping mec...

    Authors: Olivier Beauchet, Véronique Dubost, François R Herrmann and Reto W Kressig

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:26

    Content type: Research

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  26. The stride interval in healthy human gait fluctuates from step to step in a random manner and scaling of the interstride interval time series motivated previous investigators to conclude that this time series ...

    Authors: Bruce J West and Miroslaw Latka

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:24

    Content type: Research

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  27. The ability to maintain a steady gait rhythm is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This aspect of locomotor dyscontrol, which likely reflects impaired automaticity in PD, can be quantified by ...

    Authors: Silvi Frenkel-Toledo, Nir Giladi, Chava Peretz, Talia Herman, Leor Gruendlinger and Jeffrey M Hausdorff

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:23

    Content type: Research

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  28. Variability in quantitative gait data arises from many potential sources, including natural temporal dynamics of neuromotor control, pathologies of the neurological or musculoskeletal systems, the effects of a...

    Authors: Tom Chau, Scott Young and Sue Redekop

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:22

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  29. Decreased gait speed and increased stride time, stride length, double support time, and stance time variability have consistently been associated with falling whereas step width variability has not been strong...

    Authors: Jennifer S Brach, Jaime E Berlin, Jessie M VanSwearingen, Anne B Newman and Stephanie A Studenski

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:21

    Content type: Research

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  30. Gait is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD), but gait dynamics in mouse models of PD and HD have not been described. Here we quantified temporal and spatial indices...

    Authors: Ivo Amende, Ajit Kale, Scott McCue, Scott Glazier, James P Morgan and Thomas G Hampton

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The study of gait variability, the stride-to-stride fluctuations in walking, offers a complementary way of quantifying locomotion and its changes with aging and disease as well as a means of monitoring the eff...

    Authors: Jeffrey M Hausdorff

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:19

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  32. The majority of current portable orthotic devices and rehabilitative braces provide stability, apply precise pressure, or help maintain alignment of the joints with out the capability for real time monitoring ...

    Authors: Constantinos Mavroidis, Jason Nikitczuk, Brian Weinberg, Gil Danaher, Katherine Jensen, Philip Pelletier, Jennifer Prugnarola, Ryan Stuart, Roberto Arango, Matt Leahey, Robert Pavone, Andrew Provo and Dan Yasevac

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:18

    Content type: Research

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  33. In this paper we describe LiveNet, a flexible wearable platform intended for long-term ambulatory health monitoring with real-time data streaming and context classification. Based on the MIT Wearable Computing...

    Authors: Michael Sung, Carl Marci and Alex Pentland

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Advances in miniature sensor technology have led to the development of wearable systems that allow one to monitor motor activities in the field. A variety of classifiers have been proposed in the past, but lit...

    Authors: Delsey M Sherrill, Marilyn L Moy, John J Reilly and Paolo Bonato

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:16

    Content type: Research

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  35. Intelligent management of wearable applications in rehabilitation requires an understanding of the current context, which is constantly changing over the rehabilitation process because of changes in the person...

    Authors: Yu Wang and Jack M Winters

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:15

    Content type: Research

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  36. Good balance depends on accurate and adequate information from the senses. One way to substitute missing sensory information for balance is with biofeedback technology. We previously reported that audio-biofee...

    Authors: Marco Dozza, Lorenzo Chiari, Becky Chan, Laura Rocchi, Fay B Horak and Angelo Cappello

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:13

    Content type: Research

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  37. Mathematical muscle models may be useful for the determination of appropriate musculoskeletal stresses that will safely maintain the integrity of muscle and bone following spinal cord injury. Several models ha...

    Authors: Laura A Frey Law and Richard K Shields

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The cervical muscles are considered a potential site of whiplash injury, and there are many impact scenarios for whiplash injury. There is a need to understand the cervical muscle response under non-convention...

    Authors: Shrawan Kumar, Robert Ferrari and Yogesh Narayan

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Few tools exist for quantifying locomotor stability in balance impaired populations. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a technique for quantifying stability of stepping in healthy people ...

    Authors: Chris A McGibbon, David E Krebs and Robert Wagenaar

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Monitoring body kinematics has fundamental relevance in several biological and technical disciplines. In particular the possibility to exactly know the posture may furnish a main aid in rehabilitation topics. ...

    Authors: Alessandro Tognetti, Federico Lorussi, Raphael Bartalesi, Silvana Quaglini, Mario Tesconi, Giuseppe Zupone and Danilo De Rossi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:8

    Content type: Research

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  41. The pulse oximeter, a medical device capable of measuring blood oxygen saturation (SpO2), has been shown to be a valuable device for monitoring patients in critical conditions. In order to incorporate the tech...

    Authors: Yong-sheng Yan, Carmen CY Poon and Yuan-ting Zhang

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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