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Table 2 Effect of therapies on Fugl-Meyer Upper Extremity scale

From: Virtual reality for the rehabilitation of the upper limb motor function after stroke: a prospective controlled trial

    ULC therapy   RFVE therapy
   n Before After n Before After
Overall   113 41.1 ± 17.6 44.1 ± 17.3* 263 41.7 ± 16.1 48.2 ± 15.2*†
Motor impairment F-M UE score ≤ 20 19 11.1 ± 6.5 14.6 ± 8.5* 35 11.8 ± 5.2 19.0 ± 9.0*†
21 ≤ F-M UE score ≤ 40 29 32.5 ± 5.5 36.1 ± 6.8* 72 32.2 ± 5.9 41.5 ± 7.6*†
F-M UE score > 40 65 53.8 ± 7.1 55.9 ± 8.1* 156 52.7 ± 7.3 57.8 ± 6.4*†
Stroke to Rehabilitation Interval ≤ 3months 32 47.7 ±16.4 51.3 ± 15.2* 68 44.9 ± 14.0 53.8 ± 11.5*†
3 < months < 12 57 38.9 ± 17.5 41.7 ± 17.2* 113 39.5 ± 17.2 46.0 ± 16.0*†
≥ 12 months 24 37.7 ± 17.7 40.3 ± 18.0* 82 41.8 ± 15.9 46.7 ± 15.7*
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD. n number of patients, ULC Upper Limb Conventional, RFVE Reinforced Feedback in Virtual Environment, F-M UE Fugl – Meyer Upper Extremity.
  2. * p ≤ 0.05 within group analysis (Wilcoxon test).
  3. † p ≤ 0.05 between group analysis (Mann–Whitney U test).