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  1. Restoration of step length symmetry is a common rehabilitation goal after stroke. Persons post-stroke often retain the ability to walk with symmetric step lengths (“symmetric steps”); however, the resulting wa...

    Authors: Purnima Padmanabhan, Keerthana Sreekanth Rao, Shivam Gulhar, Kendra M. Cherry-Allen, Kristan A. Leech and Ryan T. Roemmich

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:105

    Content type: Research

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  2. Robotic technologies for neurological assessment provide sensitive, objective measures of behavioural impairments associated with injuries or disease such as stroke. Previous robotic tasks to assess propriocep...

    Authors: Catherine R. Lowrey, Benett Blazevski, Jean-Luc Marnet, Helen Bretzke, Sean P. Dukelow and Stephen H. Scott

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:103

    Content type: Research

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  3. Spasticity is a key motor impairment that affects many hemispheric stroke survivors. Intramuscular botulinum toxin (BT) injections are used widely to clinically manage spasticity-related symptoms in stroke sur...

    Authors: S. Chandra, B. Afsharipour, W. Z. Rymer and N. L. Suresh

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:102

    Content type: Research

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  4. The timing of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with neurorehabilitation interventions may affect its modulatory effects. Motor function has been reported to be modulated by the timing of tDCS; ho...

    Authors: Wan-wen Liao, Wei-chi Chiang, Keh-chung Lin, Ching-yi Wu, Chien-ting Liu, Yu-wei Hsieh, Yun-chung Lin and Chia-ling Chen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:101

    Content type: Research

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  5. Locomotor transitions between different ambulatory tasks are essential activities of daily life. During these transitions, biomechanics are affected by various factors such as anticipation, movement direction,...

    Authors: Wentao Li, Nathaniel T. Pickle and Nicholas P. Fey

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:100

    Content type: Research

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  6. Modern lower limb prostheses have the capability to replace missing body parts and improve the patients’ quality of life. However, missing environmental information often makes a seamless adaptation to transit...

    Authors: Michael Tschiedel, Michael Friedrich Russold and Eugenijus Kaniusas

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:99

    Content type: Review

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  7. In the last decades, several powered ankle-foot orthoses have been developed to assist the ankle joint of their users during walking. Recent studies have shown that the effects of the assistance provided by po...

    Authors: Marta Moltedo, Tomislav Baček, Ben Serrien, Kevin Langlois, Bram Vanderborght, Dirk Lefeber and Carlos Rodriguez-Guerrero

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:98

    Content type: Research

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  8. Parkinsonism is common in people with dementia, and is associated with neurodegenerative and vascular changes in the brain, or with exposure to antipsychotic or other dopamine antagonist medications. The detec...

    Authors: Andrea Sabo, Sina Mehdizadeh, Kimberley-Dale Ng, Andrea Iaboni and Babak Taati

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:97

    Content type: Research

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  9. Performing activities of daily living depends, among other factors, on awareness of the position and movements of limbs. Neural injuries, such as stroke, might negatively affect such an awareness and, conseque...

    Authors: Bulmaro A. Valdés, Mahta Khoshnam, Jason L. Neva and Carlo Menon

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:96

    Content type: Research

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  10. Peripheral nerve stimulation with implanted nerve cuff electrodes can restore standing, stepping and other functions to individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). We performed the first study to evaluate the c...

    Authors: Max J. Freeberg, Gilles C. J. Pinault, Dustin J. Tyler, Ronald J. Triolo and Rahila Ansari

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:95

    Content type: Research

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  11. Activities of daily living frequently require children to make rapid decisions and execute desired motor actions while inhibiting unwanted actions. Children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy due to perinatal str...

    Authors: Rachel L. Hawe, Andrea M. Kuczynski, Adam Kirton and Sean P. Dukelow

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:94

    Content type: Research

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  12. Understanding how prostheses are used in everyday life is central to the design, provision and evaluation of prosthetic devices and associated services. This paper reviews the scientific literature on methodol...

    Authors: Alix Chadwell, Laura Diment, M. Micó-Amigo, Dafne Z. Morgado Ramírez, Alex Dickinson, Malcolm Granat, Laurence Kenney, Sisary Kheng, Mohammad Sobuh, Robert Ssekitoleko and Peter Worsley

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:93

    Content type: Review

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  13. LSVT-BIG® is an intensively delivered, amplitude-oriented exercise therapy reported to improve mobility in individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, questions remain surrounding the efficacy of LSVT-...

    Authors: Matthew W. Flood, Ben P. F. O’Callaghan, Paul Diamond, Jérémy Liegey, Graham Hughes and Madeleine M. Lowery

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:92

    Content type: Research

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  14. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a customized interactive video game-based (IVGB) training on balance in older adults with mild-to-moderate Parkinson’s disease (PD).

    Authors: Rey-Yue Yuan, Shih-Ching Chen, Chih-Wei Peng, Yen-Nung Lin, Yu-Tai Chang and Chien-Hung Lai

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:91

    Content type: Research

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  15. Dexterity and activities of daily living limitations on the upper limb (UL) represent one of the most common problems in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effecti...

    Authors: Alicia Cuesta-Gómez, Patricia Sánchez-Herrera-Baeza, Edwin Daniel Oña-Simbaña, Alicia Martínez-Medina, Carmen Ortiz-Comino, Carlos Balaguer-Bernaldo-de-Quirós, Alberto Jardón-Huete and Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:90

    Content type: Research

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  16. Current clinical assessments measure selective voluntary motor control (SVMC) on an ordinal scale. We introduce a playful, interval-scaled method to assess SVMC in children with brain lesions and evaluate its ...

    Authors: Jeffrey W. Keller, Annina Fahr, Julia Balzer, Jan Lieber and Hubertus J. A. van Hedel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:89

    Content type: Research

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  17. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is an emerging approach for improving aphasia after stroke. However, it remains unclear what type of tDCS stimulation is most effective. Our aim was to give an ov...

    Authors: Bernhard Elsner, Joachim Kugler and Jan Mehrholz

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:88

    Content type: Review

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  18. Recently, rehabilitation robots are expected to improve the gait of cerebral palsy (CP) children. However, only few previous studies have reported the kinematic and kinetic changes by using wearable exoskeleto...

    Authors: Shihomi Kawasaki, Koji Ohata, Takeshi Yoshida, Atsushi Yokoyama and Shigehito Yamada

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:87

    Content type: Research

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  19. Traditional clinical assessments are used extensively in neurology; however, they can be coarse, which can also make them insensitive to change. Kinarm is a robotic assessment system that has been used for pre...

    Authors: Leif E. R. Simmatis, Spencer Early, Kimberly D. Moore, Simone Appaqaq and Stephen H. Scott

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:86

    Content type: Research

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  20. Generating appropriate balancing reactions in response to unexpected loss of balance during walking is important to prevent falls. The purpose of this study was to assess dynamic balancing responses following ...

    Authors: Matjaž Zadravec, Andrej Olenšek, Marko Rudolf, Nataša Bizovičar, Nika Goljar and Zlatko Matjačić

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:85

    Content type: Research

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  21. People use various strategies to maintain balance, such as taking a reactive step or rotating the upper body. To gain insight in human balance control, it is useful to know what makes people switch from one st...

    Authors: Amber R. Emmens, Edwin H. F. van Asseldonk, Vera Prinsen and Herman van der Kooij

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:84

    Content type: Research

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  22. The aim of the present study was to to assess the relative effectiveness of the various types of electromechanical-assisted arm devices and approaches after stroke.

    Authors: Jan Mehrholz, Alex Pollock, Marcus Pohl, Joachim Kugler and Bernhard Elsner

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:83

    Content type: Review

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  23. The anterior-posterior ground reaction force (AP-GRF) and propulsion and braking point metrics derived from the AP-GRF time series are indicators of locomotor function across healthy and neurological diagnosti...

    Authors: Dheepak Arumukhom Revi, Andre M. Alvarez, Conor J. Walsh, Stefano M.M. De Rossi and Louis N. Awad

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:82

    Content type: Research

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  24. Gait training with partial body weight support (BWS) has become an established rehabilitation technique. Besides passive unloading mechanisms such as springs or counterweights, also active systems that allow r...

    Authors: Salil Apte, Michiel Plooij and Heike Vallery

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:81

    Content type: Research

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  25. Atypical walking in the months and years after stroke constrain community reintegration and reduce mobility, health, and quality of life. The ReWalk ReStore™ is a soft robotic exosuit designed to assist the pr...

    Authors: Louis N. Awad, Alberto Esquenazi, Gerard E. Francisco, Karen J. Nolan and Arun Jayaraman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:80

    Content type: Research

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  26. Previous studies have assessed the effects of perturbation training on balance after stroke. However, the perturbations were either applied while standing or were small in amplitude during gait, which is not r...

    Authors: Vahid Esmaeili, Andréanne Juneau, Joseph-Omer Dyer, Anouk Lamontagne, Dahlia Kairy, Laurent Bouyer and Cyril Duclos

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:79

    Content type: Research

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  27. Paper-and-pencil tasks are still widely used for cognitive rehabilitation despite the proliferation of new computer-based methods, like VR-based simulations of ADL’s. Studies have established construct validit...

    Authors: Ana Lúcia Faria, Maria Salomé Pinho and Sergi Bermúdez i Badia

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:78

    Content type: Research

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  28. Reduction of compensation and improved movement quality indicate recovery after stroke. Since clinical measures alone are often inadequate to distinguish between behavioral recovery and compensation, kinematic...

    Authors: Gyrd Thrane, Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen and Margit Alt Murphy

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:76

    Content type: Research

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  29. Elastic ankle exoskeletons with intermediate stiffness springs in parallel with the human plantarflexors can reduce the metabolic cost of walking by ~ 7% at 1.25 m s− 1. In a move toward ‘real-world’ application,...

    Authors: Richard W. Nuckols and Gregory S. Sawicki

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:75

    Content type: Research

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  30. Pharmacologic therapy is the primary treatment used to manage Parkinson’s disease (PD) symptoms. However, it becomes less effective with time and some symptoms do not respond to medication. Complementary inter...

    Authors: Victor Spiandor Beretta, Núbia Ribeiro Conceição, Priscila Nóbrega-Sousa, Diego Orcioli-Silva, Luana Karla Braz Fonseca Dantas, Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi and Rodrigo Vitório

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:74

    Content type: Review

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  31. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques have been shown in several studies to improve the motor recovery of the affected upper-limbs in stroke patients. This study aims to investigate whether or not cathodal...

    Authors: Xiaoling Yao, Lijun Cui, Jixian Wang, Wuwei Feng, Yong Bao and Qing Xie

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:73

    Content type: Short report

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  32. Dual transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the bilateral primary motor cortices (M1s) has potential benefits in chronic stroke, but its effects in subacute stroke, when behavioural effects might be...

    Authors: I-Ju Kuo, Chih-Wei Tang, Yun-An Tsai, Shuen-Chang Tang, Chun-Jen Lin, Shih-Pin Hsu, Wei-Kuang Liang, Chi-Hung Juan, Catharina Zich, Charlotte J. Stagg and I-Hui Lee

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:72

    Content type: Research

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  33. In clinical practice, therapists often rely on clinical outcome measures to quantify a patient’s impairment and function. Predicting a patient’s discharge outcome using baseline clinical information may help c...

    Authors: Yaar Harari, Megan K. O’Brien, Richard L. Lieber and Arun Jayaraman

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:71

    Content type: Research

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  34. Sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit transitions are frequent daily functional tasks indicative of muscle power and balance performance. Monitoring these postural transitions with inertial sensors provides an objecti...

    Authors: Arash Atrsaei, Farzin Dadashi, Clint Hansen, Elke Warmerdam, Benoît Mariani, Walter Maetzler and Kamiar Aminian

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:70

    Content type: Research

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  35. Promising studies have shown that the gait symmetry of individuals with hemiparesis due to brain lesions, such as stroke, can improve through motor adaptation protocols forcing patients to use their affected l...

    Authors: Carly J. Sombric and Gelsy Torres-Oviedo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:69

    Content type: Research

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  36. Self-selected speed is an important functional index of walking. A self-pacing controller that reliably matches walking speed without additional hardware can be useful for measuring self-selected speed in a tr...

    Authors: Seungmoon Song, Hojung Choi and Steven H. Collins

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:68

    Content type: Research

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  37. We hypothesized that a selective neural electrical stimulation of radial and median nerves enables the activation of functional movements in the paralyzed hand of individuals with tetraplegia. Compared to prev...

    Authors: Wafa Tigra, Mélissa Dali, Lucie William, Charles Fattal, Anthony Gélis, Jean-Louis Divoux, Bertrand Coulet, Jacques Teissier, David Guiraud and Christine Azevedo Coste

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:66

    Content type: Research

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  38. Apart from biomechanical alterations in movement patterns, it is known that movement limitations in persons with knee osteoarthritis (PwKOA) are related to an individual’s perception and belief regarding pain ...

    Authors: Rob van der Straaten, Mariska Wesseling, Ilse Jonkers, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Amber K. B. D. Bruijnes, Jan Malcorps, Johan Bellemans, Jan Truijen, Liesbet De Baets and Annick Timmermans

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:65

    Content type: Research

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  39. The purpose of this study was to investigate transient bimanual effects on the force control capabilities of the paretic and non-paretic arms in individuals post stroke across submaximal and maximal force cont...

    Authors: Hyun Joon Kim, Nyeonju Kang and James H. Cauraugh

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:64

    Content type: Research

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  40. Human-likeliness of robot movements is a key component to enable a safe and effective human-robot interaction, since it contributes to increase acceptance and motion predictability of robots that have to close...

    Authors: Giuseppe Averta, Cosimo Della Santina, Gaetano Valenza, Antonio Bicchi and Matteo Bianchi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:63

    Content type: Research

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  41. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) offer the ability to measure walking gait through a variety of biomechanical outcomes (e.g., spatiotemporal, kinematics, other). Although many studies have assessed their vali...

    Authors: Dylan Kobsar, Jesse M. Charlton, Calvin T.F. Tse, Jean-Francois Esculier, Angelo Graffos, Natasha M. Krowchuk, Daniel Thatcher and Michael A. Hunt

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:62

    Content type: Review

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  42. Few portable exoskeletons following the assist-as-needed concept have been developed for patients with neurological disorders. Thus, the main objectives of this proof-of-concept study were 1) to explore the sa...

    Authors: G. Puyuelo-Quintana, R. Cano-de-la-Cuerda, A. Plaza-Flores, E. Garces-Castellote, D. Sanz-Merodio, A. Goñi-Arana, J. Marín-Ojea and E. García-Armada

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:60

    Content type: Research

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  43. Cerebral Palsy (CP) is characterised by variable difficulties in muscular action, resulting in inability of the individual to perform functional movement. An option to provide functionality to the individual w...

    Authors: Andréa Fernanda Leal, Talita Dias da Silva, Priscila Bianchi Lopes, Shayan Bahadori, Luciano Vieira de Araújo, Murillo Vinicius Brandão da Costa, Íbis Ariana Peña de Moraes, Ricardo Henrique Marques, Tania Brusque Crocetta, Luiz Carlos de Abreu and Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:59

    Content type: Research

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  44. Compensations are commonly observed in patients with stroke when they engage in reaching without supervision; these behaviors may be detrimental to long-term functional improvement. Automatic detection and red...

    Authors: Siqi Cai, Xuyang Wei, Enze Su, Weifeng Wu, Haiqing Zheng and Longhan Xie

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:58

    Content type: Research

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  45. A substantial number of clinical studies have demonstrated the functional recovery induced by the use of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology in patients after stroke. The objective of this review is to e...

    Authors: Zhongfei Bai, Kenneth N. K. Fong, Jack Jiaqi Zhang, Josephine Chan and K. H. Ting

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:57

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  46. Tremor is a cardinal symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD) that may cause severe disability. As such, objective methods to determine the exact characteristics of the tremor may improve the evaluation of therapy....

    Authors: Per-Anders Fransson, Maria H. Nilsson, Diederick C. Niehorster, Marcus Nyström, Stig Rehncrona, Fredrik Tjernström, Måns Magnusson, Rolf Johansson and Mitesh Patel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2020 17:56

    Content type: Methodology

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