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Table 2 Wii Fit Intervention studies that rehabilitated balance in clinical populations

From: Using the Wii Fit as a tool for balance assessment and neurorehabilitation: the first half decade of “Wii-search”

Author(s) Intervention details Population Balance-specific Statistical
    Outcome measure Significance?
Nilsagard et al. (2012)[29] Perfect 10, Ski/snowboard Multiple TUG (normal and cognitive) p < 0.05
  slalom, Table tilt(+), Penguin Sclerosis (n = 41) Four square step test p < 0.01
  slide, Soccer heading, Tightrope,   ABC p < 0.05
  Skateboard and balance    
  bubble(+)Wii Fit games    
  Dose: 12, 30 min sessions    
Esculier et al. (2012)[31] Table tilt, Ski slalom, Balance Parkinson’s One-leg stance duration p < 0.001
  bubble, ski jump and penguin Disease (n = 10) COP velocity variability p < 0.05
  slide Wii Fit games   ABC p > 0.05
  Dose: 18. 40 min sessions   TUG (normal) p < 0.05
    Tinetti’s test p < 0.05
    CBM p < 0.001
Miller et al. (2012)[27] Wii Fit games selected based on Transfemoral Biodex balance test Not tested
  participant preference Amputation (n = 2) ABC Not tested
  Dose: 12, 20 min sessions    
Kennedy et al. (2011)[22] Custom designed “WiiHab” tasks Acquired Improvement on custom Not tested
  using WBB including Sit to Stand, Brain designed tasks Not tested
  Weight Shifting and Stepping Injury (n = 1)   
  Dose: 6, 12 min sessions    
Zettergren et al. (2011)[17] Sun salutation, Half moon, Rowing Parkinson’s TUG (normal) Not tested
  squat, Torso twists, Chair, Penguin Disease (n = 1) Berg balance scale Not tested
  slide, Table tilt and Bubble balance    
  Wii Fit games    
  Dose: 12, 50 min sessions    
Gil Gomez et al. (2011)[21] Custom designed balance games Acquired Berg balance scale p < 0.001
  using WBB including Simon, Brain Brunel balance assessment p < 0.05
  Balloon breaker and Air hockey Injury (n = 9) Anterior reach test p < 0.01
  Dose: 20, 60 min sessions   TUG (normal) p < 0.01
Shih et al. (2010)[10] Change of standing posture Cerebral Duration of time in desired  
  detector using the WBB Palsy (n = 2) standing posture p < 0.01
  Dose: 45, 3 min sessions    
Deutsch et al. (2009)[4] Ski jump, Ski slalom, Tightrope, Chronic ABC Not tested
  Lunges and Park stroll Wii Fit games Stroke (n = 2) TUG (normal and cognitive) Not tested
  Dose: 12, 60 min sessions    
  1. Abbreviations: ABC activities-based balance confidence scale, TUG timed up and go, CBM community balance and mobility scale.