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Table 2 Clinical and kinematic measurement changes

From: Comparing integrated training of the hand and arm with isolated training of the same effectors in persons with stroke using haptically rendered virtual environments, a randomized clinical trial

Test/Measure Group Pre-Test/Day 1 Post-Test/Day 8 Retention Pre-post change Pre-retention change
WMFT, mean (CI), sec HAS N = 20 117.2 (77.5-156.9) 86.4 (60.7-112.1) 91.7 (64.5-118.8) 30.8 (12.6 – 49.0) 21.8 (-1.0-44.7)
HAT N = 20 92.4 (60.8-124.1) 70.8 (45.8-95.7) 62.5 (44.9-80.1) 21.6 (5.5-37.8) 29.9 (9.31-50.5)
JTHF, mean (CI), sec HAS N = 20 146.8 (120.4-173.2) 126.4 (103.6-149.2) 131.6 (107.2-156.1) 20.4 (7.5 – 33.3) 14.4 (-0.04-28.8)
HAT N = 20 124.8 (100.9-148.7) 107.1 (83.5-130.6) 113.7 (90.5-137.0) 17.7 (8.5-27.0) 11.1 (1.1-21.0)
Finger Fractionation, median (IQR), deg HAS N = 18 21.7 (12.4-35.4) 40.1 (17.3-59.6)   14.8 (6.11-26.8)  
HAT N = 16 10.9 (1.8-20.8) 24.5 (5.4-34.7)   8.6 (4.1-17.1)  
Time To Task Completion, median (IQR), sec HAS N = 20 25.0 (20.6-36.4 12.7 (10.8-14.9)   9.9 (6.2-23.0)  
HAT N = 20 25.4 (18.9-42.0) 14.7 (8.0-19.3)   12.5 (7.6-22.5)  
Reaching Trajectory Smoothness*, median (IQR) HAS N = 16 28.1 (20.1-66.0) 8.2 (4.3-10.8)   19.2 (9.1-56.6)  
HAT N = 20 35.7 (18.2-76.3) 8.6 (2.4-23.1)   23.3 (15.0-45.9)  
Endpoint Deviation, median (IQR), cm HAS N = 16 27.1 (15.8-55.6) 9.1 (5.5-12.4)   16.3. (7.2-45.7)  
HAT N = 20 38.0 (13.1-51.1) 6.2 (3.5-10.3)   25.6 (5.3-35.2)  
  1. CI = 95 percent confidence interval, IQR = Interquartile Range, * = Reported as actual smoothness multiplied by 1,000.