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Table 1 Mean values and standard deviation of elbow and shoulder joints excursions for each movement direction.

From: Characterization of age-related modifications of upper limb motor control strategies in a new dynamic environment

Movement direction   Mean value
N Elbow -22,3 ± 4,53
  Shoulder 10,85 ± 3,5
NE Elbow -21,72 ± 4,43
  Shoulder -4,5 ± 1,8
E Elbow -2,33 ± 2,09
  Shoulder -9,22 ± 3,06
SE Elbow 16,87 ± 3,14
  Shoulder -10,14 ± 3,97
S Elbow 24,97 ± 2,23
  Shoulder -1,21 ± 1,37
SW Elbow 14,65 ± 5,93
  Shoulder 9,32 ± 3,11
W Elbow -6,07 ± 2,82
  Shoulder 12,57 ±
NW Elbow -19,6 ± 3,11
  Shoulder 8,54 ± 3,58