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Table 2 Characteristics of included randomized controlled trials

From: Efficacy of motor imagery in post-stroke rehabilitation: a systematic review

Study Number of patients Gender (% male) Mean age in years (± SD if available) range (if available) Time since stroke (months) Intervention Outcomes
Liu [22] 46 with a first unilateral cerebral infarction 48 MI group: 71.0 (± 6.0)
Controls: 72.7 (± 9.4)
0.5 Intervention group:
60 minutes PT sessions five days a week for 3 weeks. Plus: motor imagery five 60 minutes sessions per week for 3 weeks. OT's provided the motor imagery training.
FMSA
CTT2
Task performance test
      Controls:
60 minutes PT sessions five days a week for 3 weeks. Plus instead of imagery: a demonstration-then-practice method for the same tasks as in the MI group for five 60 minutes sessions per week for 3 weeks. OT's provided the demonstration than practice training.
 
Page [24] 13 with a unilateral cerebral infarction 77 64.6 range:54–79 6.5 Intervention group: conventional therapy (OT and PT) 3 times/week, in 60 minutes segments for 6 weeks. Plus: 10 minutes audiotape with cognitive visual images + using such a tape at home twice a week. FMSA
ARAT
      Controls:
Conventional therapy (OT and PT) 3 times/week, in 60 minutes segments for 6 weeks.
Plus instead of imagery: 10-minutes tape containing stroke information + using such a tape at home twice a week.
 
Study Number of patients Gender (% male) Mean age in years (± SD if available) Time since stroke (months) Intervention Outcomes
Page [23] 11 with a stroke 82 62.3 (± 5.1) range: 53–71 24 Intervention group:
A set of ADL's is practiced through PT 2 times/week for 30 minutes for 6 weeks. Plus after PT participants received 30 minutes MP intervention. And they also practice it mentally at home.
ARAT
MAL
      Controls:
A set of ADL's is practiced through PT 2 times/week for 30 minutes for 6 weeks. Plus instead of MP: after the PT session they received a session of relaxation techniques for 30 minutes.
 
Page [25] 16 with a unilateral cerebral infarction 100 63.2 (± 4) 22 Intervention group: OT: 3 times/week in 30 minutes sessions for 4 weeks.
Plus: an imagery intervention lasting 20 minutes after the OT session.
FMSA
      Controls: OT: 3 times/week in 30 minutes sessions for 4 weeks. Plus instead of MP: after OT session a 20 minutes tape with instructions and information requiring the patients' attention and participation and on the causes and the pathology of strokes.