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Table 2 Group Comparisons of selected outcomes

From: Pilot study of Lokomat versus manual-assisted treadmill training for locomotor recovery post-stroke

Variable Lokomat Group (n = 8) Manual Group (n = 8)
  Pre-Test Post-Test Pre-Test Post-Test
SSWS (m/s) 0.62 ± 0.31
(0.26–1.04)
0.72 ± 0.38*
(0.3–1.38)
0.62 ± 0.28
(0.24–0.91)
0.65 ± 0.29
(0.30–1.02)
FWS (m/s) 0.87 ± 0.55
(0.32–1.85)
0.96 ± 0.66*
(0.33–2.28)
0.72 ± 0.37
(0.26 ± 1.2)
0.70 ± 0.33
(0.35–1.13)
6 MWT (m) 267.3 ± 187.2
(71–625.5)
278.1 ± 176.5
(89.3–638.0)
234.3 ± 141.2
(66.4–452.7)
212.4 ± 113.5
(86.5–362.9)
SLR abs 0.53 ± 0.58
(0.03–1.87)
0.37 ± 0.46 *
(0.06–1.46)
0.39 ± 0.37
(0.05–1.10)
0.34 ± 0.35
(0.02–1.04)
LE FM (/35) 23.0 ± 4.3
(15–28)
25.6 ± 5.0 *
(19–34)
21.4 ± 5.1
(14–29)
22.4 ± 5.2
(14–29)
SPPB (/12) 6.9 ± 3.4
(2–12)
7.9 ± 3.2 *
(4–12)
7.8 ± 3.0
(4–12)
8.5 ± 3.1
(4–12)
BBS (/56) 46.9 ± 7.5
(38–56)
48.3 ± 6.8 *
(41–56)
47.0–7.0
(38–55)
51.0–5.4 †
(40–56)
LLFDI     
Disability     
Frequency
(/100)
52.6 ± 8.1
(41.4–65.1)
52.8 ± 7.9
(41.4–62.3)
49.7 ± 11.4
(29.2–70.6)
53.5 ± 10.2
(35.2–66.7)
Limitation
(/100)
59.4 ± 7.0
(49.2–69.2)
62.3 ± 8.5
(49.9–71.3)
61.6 ± 9.1
(46.4–75.6)
66.4 ± 10.2
(47.9–77.6)
Function 51.3 ± 7.7 52.0 ± 8.6 48.6 ± 6.0 54.1 ± 4.8
(/100) (43.1–64.0) (42.5–66.8) (41.9–58.7) (46.1–61.6)
  1. Note: values are mean ± SD (range)
  2. * Pre-post difference within Lokomat group, p < 0.05; † difference within manual group, p < 0.05
  3. Abbreviations: SSWS = self selected walking speed; FWS = Fast walking speed; 6 MWT = 6 minute walk test; SLRabs = Absolute step length ratio; LE FM = Lower extremity Fugl-Meyer; SPPB, short physical performance battery; BBS = Berg Balance Scale; LLFDI = late life function and disability instrument.