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Table 3 Angles of joints analyzed during the cycle of drinking task

From: Kinematic analysis of the daily activity of drinking from a glass in a population with cervical spinal cord injury

  Control group (n = 8) C6 group (n = 8) C7 group (n = 8)
Kinematic
variables
Median (IR) % mov time
Median (IR)
Median (IR) % mov time
Median (IR)
Median (IR) % mov time
Median (IR)
Shoulder       
Max. Flexion 52.55 (21.31) 51.03 (13.60) 52.47 (11.29) 55.92 (10.92) 61.16 (22.77) 52.40 (8.66)
Min. Flexion -4.48 (10.70) 97.89 (3.34) 0.21 (28.41) 99.86 (2.02) -0.24 (11.01) 96.98 (8.45)
Range 59.53 (29.80)   45.49 (29.61)   63.75 (23.31)  
Max. Abduction 29.77 (10.67) 83.67 (49.55) 23.00 (18.71) 60.35 (43.95) 29.37 (27.17) 69.15 (32.33)
Min. Abduction 13.55 (5.86) c 13.35 (69.75) 8.40 (9.33) 28.08 (59.71) 0.13 (10.84) c 13.51 (21.67)
Range 16.61 (14.98)   15.80 (14.79)   25.01 (16.19)  
Max. Ext. Rot -4.74 (4.77) 95.68 (5.92) -9.90 (35.05) 91.13 (31.23) -16.98 (9.54) 97.15 (7.32)
Max. Int. Rot -45.59 (15.75) 68.62 (38.79) -38.71 (27.81) 48.42 (32.78) -48.89 (20.86) 63.81 (31.19)
Range 41.27 (8.29)   28.17 (17.06)   31.49 (36.22)  
Elbow       
Max. Flexion 128.20 (21.10) 46.25 (7.93) a 113.40 (33.65) 53.84 (14.83) a 114.05 (16.45) 45.30 (15.86)
Min. Flexion 64.42 (11.75) a, b 77.27 (39.16) 42.54 (27.51) a 79.15 (58.05) 42.11 (20.94) b 75.58 (27.94)
Range 64.86 (27.45)   70.85 (20.64)   67.30 (26.56)  
Min. Pronation 9.53 (22.75) 35.96 (48.62) 8.84 (22.20) 37.10 (58.00) -3.62 (22.60) 37.13 (49.71)
Range 33.07 (14.64)   55.17 (29.61)   49.59 (12.66)  
Wrist       
Max. Palmar Flexion -2.01 (10.84) c, d 71.38 (55.94) 15.66 (24.92) c 72.64 (12.24) 16.91 (16.79) d 73.45 (11.97)
Min. Palmar Flexion -19.10 (5.41) 59.41 (53.51) -16.24 (15.04) 36.54 (14.83) -19.43 (13.27) 22.14 (31.51)
Range 14.98 (6.25) a, b   33.46 (27.60) a   37.58 (27.80) b  
Trunk       
Max. Flexion -0.79 (7.03) 29.54 (28.50) 3.62 (18.66) 41.80 (58.28) 3.20 (15.66) 55.41 (33.10)
Min. Flexion -7.43 (11.84) 58.36 (22.15) -7.58 (14.10) 51.07 (16.99) -8.82 (9.87) 50.61 (13.38)
Range 6.38 (5.54)   7.86 (10.59)   11.37 (6.77)  
Max. Lat. Incl. 5.01 (4.77) 57.34 (37.10) 5.21 (6.76) 65.45 (41.17) 10.28 (9.76) 48.34 (38.71)
Min. Lat. Incl. 2.82 (4.18) 63.99 (36.20) 2.50 (4.79) 35.42 (63.64) 6.17 (10.98) 24.26 (54.68)
Range 2.25 (1.93)   3.17 (5.26)   4.21 (3.52)  
  1. a, b (p < 0.05, with Bonferroni correction)
  2. c, d (p < 0.01, with Bonferroni correction)
  3. Abbreviations: IR - Interquartile Range
  4. % mov time-% of movement time