Skip to main content

Table 2 Average values of kinematic data in children with cerebral palsy and typical development.

From: Oromotor variability in children with mild spastic cerebral palsy: a kinematic study of speech motor control

Kinematic parameters Children groups ANOVA
  Spastic CP (n =10) TD (n =10) F 1,18 p value Effect size d
Utterance duration (sec/syllable)      
   Mono-syllable task 0.95 ± 0.21 1.01 ± 0.06 0.858 0.367 0.213
   Poly-syllable task 0.95 ± 0.30 0.97 ± 0.09 0.049 0.828 0.052
Peak vertical oral opening displacement (cm)      
   Mono-syllable task 1.17 ± 0.34 1.23 ± 0.55 0.096 0.760 0.073
   Poly-syllable task 1.84 ± 0.46 1.83 ± 0.68 0.001 0.970 0.009
Peak vertical oral opening velocity (mm/sec)      
   Mono-syllable task 42.4 ± 10.0 42.5 ± 12.5 0.001 0.980 0.006
   Poly-syllable task 73.5 ± 17.5 71.4 ± 16.9 0.079 0.782 0.066
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD.
  2. CP: cerebral palsy; TD: typical development.