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Table 3 Results of the pedaling assessment test

From: A biofeedback cycling training to improve locomotion: a case series study based on gait pattern classification of 153 chronic stroke patients

   PRE POST FU P * P *
(pre vs post)
P *
(pre vs fu)
P *
(post vs fu)
S1         
  U (%) 31.5 (8.0) 24.7 (9.6) 18.3 (7.3) < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
  WHL (Nm) 47.8 (5.5) 45.0 (5.8) 43.3 (5.6) < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.07
  WPL (Nm) 25.2 (5.5) 27.4 (5.3) 30.1 (5.6) < 0.01 0.01 < 0.01 0.01
S2         
  U (%) 45.4 (7.8) 29.2 (13.0) 39.9 (13.7) < 0.01 < 0.01 0.02 < 0.01
  WHL (Nm) 35.0 (6.5) 43.5 (12.7) 43.1 (10.3) < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.97
  WPL (Nm) 13.0 (2.6) 25.7 (10.9) 19.3 (7.9) < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
S3         
  U (%) 38.1 (9.4) 12.4 (10.1) 13.6 (10.6) < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.69
  WHL (Nm) 78.5 (8.3) 36.2 (4.3) 42.8 (3.9) < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01
  WPL (Nm) 35.9 (9.2) 29.3 (4.9) 33.7 (6.8) < 0.01 < 0.01 0.06 < 0.01
  1. Values: Mean (SD)
  2. * P: Significance level of one way ANOVA (p < 0.05)- Post-hoc: Scheffè
  3. U indicates the pedaling unbalance; WHL and WPL, the works produced by the healthy and paretic legs, respectively.