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Table 2 Changes in outcome measures with Armeo Spring training (n = 9)

From: The Armeo Spring as training tool to improve upper limb functionality in multiple sclerosis: a pilot study

Variable Baseline value Δ after 24 training sessions p of Δ after 24 training sessions Δ at 2-month follow-up, relative to baseline p of Δ at 2-month follow-up, relative to baseline
MI 72 ± 8 4 ± 7 0.07 6 ± 9 0.08
Jamar (kg) 14,3 ± 9,1 0,2 ± 4,5 0.51 0,0 ± 5,7 0.67
TEMPA (s) 56,4 ± 44,1 -23,6 ± 27,4 0.02* -26,8 ± 27,0 0.01*
ARAT 45 ± 13 4 ± 11 0.31 5 ± 7 0.02*
9HPT (s) 157,1 ± 114,6 -47,8 ± 59,4 0.05+ -47,0 ± 76,9 0.09
  1. Values or mean ± standard deviation.
  2. Δ stands for change in outcome measures; *p < 0.05; +trend towards significance.
  3. MI, Motricity Index; ARAT, Action Research Arm Test; 9HPT, 9-Hole Peg Test.