Skip to main content

Table 3 Secondary outcome measures at week 0, week 6 and week 12 for the 13 subjects that were retained for data analysis (mean ± std), and p-values of the statistical analysis (Friedman tests with 0.05 significance level and post-hoc Wilcoxon tests with 0.05 significance level).

From: Effects of a robot-assisted training of grasp and pronation/supination in chronic stroke: a pilot study

Secondary outcome measures week 0 week 6 week 12 Friedman test Wilcoxon test 0-6 Wilcoxon test 0-12
Motor Assessment Scale (normal = 18) 4.08 ± 3.30 5.08 ± 3.30 5.23 ± 3.63 0.004 0.010 0.006
Modified Ashworth Scale (normal = 0) 8.31 ± 3.12 7.38 ± 2.43 7.08 ± 3.15 0.038 0.118 0.019
Functional Test of Hemiparetic Upper Extremity (normal = 7) 2.92 ± 0.64 3.08 ± 0.64 3.08 ± 0.64 0.497 n.a. n.a.
Nine Hole Peg Test * n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Grip force (impaired hand/unimpaired hand) [%] † 21.92 ± 15.26 24.60 ± 12.94 22.02 ± 9.11 0.307 n.a. n.a.
Pain (Visual Analog Scale) 0.46 ± 1.39 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.135 n.a. n.a.
Satisfaction grade   3.08 ± 0.76     
  1. * 12 subjects were unable to perform the NHPT
  2. † 2 subjects were unable to perform grip force measurements with their impaired hand