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Table 4 GEE analysis of walking speed, step length and cadencea

From: Subjects with hip osteoarthritis show distinctive patterns of trunk movements during gait-a body-fixed-sensor based analysis

Outcome Group Group effect (95% CI) P value
Walking speed HC 0b  
  NDL -0.4 (-0.4, -0.3) < .001
  DL -0.4 (-0.5, -0.3) < .001
Step length HC 0  
  NDL 0.4 (-2.5, 3.3) .79
  DL -1.0 (-5.0, 3.0) .63
Cadence HC 0  
  NDL -0.1 (-4.4, 4.4) .99
  DL 1.5 (-4.9, 8.1) .64
  1. Reference group: healthy control group.
  2. a Adjusted for walking speed, age, body height and body weight (walking speed: adjusted for age, body height and body weight).
  3. b Set to zero because HC was used as reference group.
  4. Abbreviations: GEE, generalized estimating equation; HC, healthy control group; NDL, patients without a Duchenne limp; DL, patients with a Duchenne limp.Walking speed is expressed in m/s, step length in cm and cadence in steps/min.