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Table 3 Mean and standard deviation showed for kinematic and kinetic in frontal plane for left limb

From: Collaborative robotic biomechanical interactions and gait adjustments in young, non-impaired individuals

  Conditions Statistical analysis
Variables OUT AM SDM OUT vs AM AM vs SDM
Frontal kinematic (degree)     F p F p
 Maximum hip (ABD) 8.70 (2.96) 6.86 (3.69) 9.80 (4.35) 3.718 0.070 25.587 0.000
 Minimum hip (AD) −4.51 (4.29) −1.43 (4.77) −1.11 (6.00) 11.413 0.003 0.363 0.554
 Hip angular excursion 13.58 (3.56) 9.24 (2.46) 12.05 (3.56) 22.946 0.000 24.612 0.000
 Maximum knee (ABD) 2.74 (3.71) 1.88 (4.23) 1.02 (4.40) 2.231 0.152 3.541 0.075
 Minimum knee (AD) −6.22 (4.14) −7.31 (5.18) −8.38 (5.78) 1.974 0.176 8.487 0.009
Frontal kinetic (Nm/Kg)        
 Maximal lateral force 0.90 (0.18) 0.75 (0.21) 0.74 (0.23) 22.410 0.000 0.064 0.802
  1. Statistical analysis includes post hoc comparisons of two factors separately using repeated measures OUT vs AM and AM vs SDM conditions. When repeated measures overall testing showed that the main effects were not significant (p > 0.05), post-hoc tests were not conducted and not presented. Bold values indicates significant differences (p < 0.05). ABD: abduction; AD: adduction