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Table 4 This table shows the summary of statistically significant differences for all comparisons in sagittal and frontal planes

From: Collaborative robotic biomechanical interactions and gait adjustments in young, non-impaired individuals

Variables OUT vs AM condition AM vs SDM condition
  Sagittal plane Frontal plane Sagittal plane Frontal plane
Angular displacement • Ankle plantar flexion larger in AM
• Hip angular excursion larger in AM
• Hip adduction and angular excursion smaller in AM • Ankle dorsiflexion and angular excursion larger in SDM
• Hip flexion and angular excursion larger in SDM
• Knee flexion larger and extension smaller in SDM
• Hip abduction and angular excursion larger in SDM
• Knee adduction larger in SDM
Forces • Vertical force larger in AM
• Braking force smaller in AM
• Lateral force smaller in AM • Braking force smaller, but propulsive force larger in SDM  
Moments • Hip extensor and flexor moments larger in AM • Hip abduction moment smaller in AM • Hip flexor moment smaller, but hip extensor moment larger in SDM  
Impulses • Braking impulse smaller and propulsive impulse larger in AM
• Vertical impulse smaller during early stance, but larger during mid-stance in AM
  • Braking impulse smaller, but propulsive impulse larger in SDM  
Center of mass displacement • Center of mass displacement smaller for medio-lateral, anterior-posterior and vertical directions in AM   • Center of mass displacement larger for medio-lateral and anterior-posterior directions in SDM