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Table 4 This table shows the summary of statistically significant differences for all comparisons in sagittal and frontal planes

From: Collaborative robotic biomechanical interactions and gait adjustments in young, non-impaired individuals


OUT vs AM condition

AM vs SDM condition


Sagittal plane

Frontal plane

Sagittal plane

Frontal plane

Angular displacement

• Ankle plantar flexion larger in AM

• Hip angular excursion larger in AM

• Hip adduction and angular excursion smaller in AM

• Ankle dorsiflexion and angular excursion larger in SDM

• Hip flexion and angular excursion larger in SDM

• Knee flexion larger and extension smaller in SDM

• Hip abduction and angular excursion larger in SDM

• Knee adduction larger in SDM


• Vertical force larger in AM

• Braking force smaller in AM

• Lateral force smaller in AM

• Braking force smaller, but propulsive force larger in SDM



• Hip extensor and flexor moments larger in AM

• Hip abduction moment smaller in AM

• Hip flexor moment smaller, but hip extensor moment larger in SDM



• Braking impulse smaller and propulsive impulse larger in AM

• Vertical impulse smaller during early stance, but larger during mid-stance in AM


• Braking impulse smaller, but propulsive impulse larger in SDM


Center of mass displacement

• Center of mass displacement smaller for medio-lateral, anterior-posterior and vertical directions in AM


• Center of mass displacement larger for medio-lateral and anterior-posterior directions in SDM