Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Summary of included studies (n=10)

From: Robot-assisted gait training (Lokomat) improves walking function and activity in people with spinal cord injury: a systematic review

Study Design Participants Intervention Outcome measures
Alcobendas-Maestro 2012 RCT n = 80 Time since injury (months) = 3 - 6 ASIA scale = C, D Level of injury = C2 to T12 (UMN) Exp = RAGT 30 min x 5/wk x 6 wk Con = OGT 60 min x 5/wk x 6 wk Both = Usual PT • Speed = 10-m walk test • Distance = 6-min walk test • Functional level = WISCI II, FIM-L • Leg strength = LEMS • Spasticity = MAS • Pain = VAS • Timing: 0, 8 wk
Duffell 2015 RCT n = 56 Time since injury (months) > 12 ASIA scale = C, D Level of injury = above T10 (UMN) Exp = RAGT 30~45 min x 3/wk x 4 wk Con = no intervention • Speed = 10-m walk test • Distance = 6-min walk test • Balance = TUG • Timing: 0, 1, 2, 4 wk
Esclarin-Ruz 2014 RCT n = 88 Time since injury (months) < 6 ASIA scale = C, D Level of injury = C2 to L3 (UMN+LMN) Exp = RAGT 30 min x 5/wk x 8 wk Con = OGT 30 min x 5/wk x 8 wk Both = Usual PT 60 min x 5/wk x 8 wk • Speed = 10-m walk test • Distance = 6-min walk test • Functional level = WISCI II, FIM-L • Leg strength = LEMS • Timing: 0, 8 wk
Field-Fote 2011 RCT n = 74 Time since injury (months) > 12 ASIA scale = C, D Level of injury = At or above T10 (UMN) Exp = RAGT 60 min x 5/wk x 12 wk Con1 = BWS treadmill-based training with manual assistance 60 min x 5/wk x 12 wk Con2 = BWS treadmill-based training with stimulation 60 min x 5/wk x 12 wk Con3 = OGT with stimulation with BWS 60 min x 5/wk x 12 wk • Speed = 10-m walk test • Distance = 2-min walk test • Leg strength = LEMS • Timing: 0, 12 wk
Hornby 2005 RCT n = 35 Time since injury (months) < 6 (14–180 days) ASIA scale = B, C, D Level of injury = Above T10 (UMN) Exp = RAGT 30 min x 3/wk x 8 wk Con1 = BWS treadmill-based training with manual assistance 30 min x 3/wk x 8 wk Con2 = OGT with BWS 30 min x 3/wk x 8 wk • Speed = 10-m walk test • Distance = 6-min walk test • Functional level = WISCI II, FIM-L • Leg strength = LEMS • Spasticity = MAS • Balance = TUG • Timing: 0, 8 wk
Labruyere 2014 RCT Cross-over n = 9 Time since injury (months) > 12 ASIA scale = C, D Level of injury = C4 -T11 (UMN) Exp = RAGT 45 min x 4/wk x 4 wk Con = Strength 45 min x 4/wk x 4 wk • Speed = 10-m walk test • Functional level = WISCI II • Leg strength = LEMS • Pain = VAS • Balance = BBS • Timing: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 wk
Niu 2014 RCT n = 40 Time since injury (yrs) = Exp 8.9±9.9, Con 7.5±5.5 ASIA scale = B, C, D Level of injury = above T10 (UMN) Exp = RAGT 60 min x 3/wk x 4 wk Con = no intervention • Speed = 10-m walk test • Distance = 6-min walk test • Balance = TUG • Timing: 0, 1, 2, 4 wk
Shin 2014 RCT n = 60 Time since injury (months) < 6 ASIA scale = D Level of injury = UMN Exp = RAGT 40 min x 3/wk x 4 wk Con = OGT 30 min x 3/wk x 4 wk Both = Usual PT 30 min x 2/wk x 4 wk • Functional level = WISCI II, SCIM3, AMI • Leg strength = LEMS • Timing: 0, 4 wk
Tang 2014 RCT n = 30 Time since injury (months) = 6.3 ASIA scale = D Level of injury = T8 to L3 (UMN+LMN) Exp = RAGT 40 min Con = Bike 40 min • Speed = 10-m walk test • Agility = probe reaction time • Timing: before and after the intervention
Varoqui 2014 RCT n = 30 Time since injury (yrs) = Exp 11.80±2.54, Con 8.09±1.89 ASIA scale = C, D Level of injury = above T10 (UMN) Exp = RAGT 60 min x 3/wk x 4 wk Con = no intervention • Speed = 10-m walk test • Distance = 6-min walk test • Balance = TUG • Timing: 0, 4 wk
  1. Exp experimental group, Con control group, RAGT robotic-assisted gait training, OGT over-ground training), Strength, BWS body weight-supported gait training, WISCI walking index for spinal cord injury, LEMS lower extremities motor scale, FIM-L Functional Independence Measure – Lokomotion, MAS modified Ashworth scale, VAS visual analog scale, TUG timed up and go, AMI ambulatory motor index