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Table 3 Details of the observed parameters during various walking trials

From: Evaluating the effects of delivering integrated kinesthetic and tactile cues to individuals with unilateral hemiparetic stroke during overground walking

Trial
Parameter
NCW TCW KCW + 0% ICW + 0% KCW + 20% ICW + 20% KCW + 40% ICW + 40%
Gait Speed (m/s) 0.456 ± 0.164 0.485 ± 0.174 0.456 ± 0.164 0.456 ± 0.164 0.546 ± 0.196 0.546 ± 0.196 0.638 ± 0.229 0.638 ± 0.229
RMS of ML Tilt (degrees) 4.614 ± 1.085 4.530 ± 1.058 4.385 ± 1.223 4.482 ± 1.133 4.600 ± 1.003 4.676 ± 1.290 4.698 ± 1.110 4.775 ± 1.081
Stance Symmetry Ratio 1.109 ± 0.030 1.076 ± 0.023 1.101 ± 0.022 1.079 ± 0.024 1.078 ± 0.021 1.076 ± 0.020 1.096 ± 0.012 1.092 ± 0.015
%NPA of Paretic VMO in Stance 19.693 ± 3.238 20.867 ± 2.215 29.461 ± 1.979 30.067 ± 2.484 34.622 ± 1.699 34.969 ± 2.084 35.689 ± 1.619 35.536 ± 1.740
%NPA of Paretic VMO in Swing 10.950 ± 0.875 11.061 ± 0.541 11.373 ± 0.674 11.665 ± 0.787 11.657 ± 0.732 11.643 ± 0.675 11.586 ± 0.544 11.752 ± 0.651
%NPA of Paretic SMT in Stance 13.495 ± 1.058 13.614 ± 1.307 15.029 ± 1.274 15.293 ± 1.172 16.575 ± 0.830 16.229 ± 0.674 16.589 ± 0.818 16.559 ± 1.023
%NPA of Paretic SMT in Swing 7.641 ± 0.393 7.618 ± 0.366 7.803 ± 0.309 7.909 ± 0.290 7.951 ± 0.167 7.895 ± 0.255 7.998 ± 0.249 8.051 ± 0.245
%NPA of Paretic TBA in Stance 15.410 ± 1.496 15.272 ± 1.879 15.331 ± 1.614 15.815 ± 1.422 15.949 ± 0.953 16.235 ± 1.025 16.194 ± 1.849 16.173 ± 1.449
%NPA of Paretic TBA in Swing 4.765 ± 0.401 4.726 ± 0.405 4.738 ± 0.328 4.777 ± 0.414 4.853 ± 0.211 4.929 ± 0.309 4.869 ± 0.376 4.851 ± 0.387
%NPA of Paretic GCM in Stance 15.317 ± 1.584 14.852 ± 1.872 15.915 ± 1.135 15.379 ± 1.440 15.676 ± 1.413 15.462 ± 1.778 16.469 ± 0.909 16.484 ± 1.079
%NPA of Paretic GCM in Swing 4.726 ± 0.505 4.810 ± 0.374 4.662 ± 0.391 4.780 ± 0.325 4.857 ± 0.469 4.827 ± 0.309 4.824 ± 0.292 4.894 ± 0.539
  1. The values for these parameters were recorded during each trial for each participant and are tabulated as Mean ± SD. A decrease in RMS of ML tilt relative to NCW indicated reduced trunk sway. Fall in stance symmetry ratio relative to NCW indicates improved temporal gait symmetry. Increase in %NPA is an indication of improved paretic muscle activity