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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for the kinematic analyses

From: Recovery of kinematic arm function in well-performing people with subacute stroke: a longitudinal cohort study

  Stroke Group Healthy controls (mean (SD))
3 months (mean (SD)) 6 months (mean (SD)) 12 months (mean (SD))
N 42 35 35 35
Movement time, s 6.58 (1.38) 6.37 (1.18) 6.59 (1.32) 6.55 (1.03)
Movement units, n 6.86 (2.26) 6.76 (1.84) 7.33 (2.54) 6.43 (1.43)
Peak hand velocity, cm/s 59.74 (9.67) 59.26 (10.28) 59.15 (10.26) 61.93 (9.32)
Time to peak velocity, % 42 (8) 40 (7) 42 (8) 45 (7)
Elbow peak angular velocity, °/s 92.24 (24.26) 97.14 (24.37) 95.87 (25.12) 118.58 (26.43)
Elbow angle, ° 57.16 (9.19) 58.23 (8.92) 58.43 (9.04) 54.78 (7.21)
Arm abduction, ° 39.18 (12.31) 37.97 (11.15) 36.05 (10.44) 29.97 (10.35)
Trunk displacement, mm 39.81 (14.19) 36.96 (16.53) 38.23 (20.40) 26.19 (1.03)
  1. SD Standard deviation. Velocity variables are measured in the reaching phase. The elbow angle is the minimum elbow angle in reaching indicating maximum extension of the elbow joint. Arm abduction during is measured during the drinking phase