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Table 4 Statistical data of the effects of gait training on EEG findings from the baseline (pre) at the end of the rehabilitation period (post)

From: Walking to your right music: a randomized controlled trial on the novel use of treadmill plus music in Parkinson’s disease

parameter time×group group post vs. pre % change time F(1,24),p post-pre post-hoc p-values
F(1,48), p ICC (95%cl) within-group effect size between-group
power CP α-ERD 56, < 0.001 0.01 (−0.27 to 0.28) RAS −32 71, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.9 0.01
non-RAS −15 33, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.7
CP α-ERS 20, < 0.001 0.02 (−0.25 to 0.30) RAS + 29 53, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.9 0.01
non-RAS + 10 36, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.7
F β-ERD 89, < 0.001 0.01 (−0.27 to 0.28) RAS −31 76, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.9 0.01
non-RAS −12 59, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.7
CP β-ERD 92, < 0.001 0.01 (−0.27 to 0.28) RAS −29 30 < 0.001 22, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 0.01
non-RAS −9 < 0.001 0.5
CP β-ERS 73, < 0.001 0.01 (−0.27 to 0.28) RAS + 31 39, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.9 0.01
non-RAS + 11 29, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.7
TRCoh β F-CP 10, < 0.001 0.05 (−0.23 to 0.32) RAS + 63 18, 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 0.01
non-RAS + 21 9, 0.001 0.001 0.6
β F-T 4.7, 0.04 0.10 (−0.18 to 0.36) RAS + 43 25, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 0.01
non-RAS + 21 17, < 0.001 0.001 0.7
α F-T 6.3, 0.01 0.07 (−0.21 to 0.34) RAS + 36 15, 0.002 0.001 0.8 < 0.001
non-RAS + 18 2.3, 0.1 0.1 0.2
  1. ERD event-related desynchronization, ERS event-related synchronization, TRCoh task-related coherence, RAS rhythmic auditory stimulation, ICC(95%cl) intraclass correlation coefficient and its 95% confidence limits for test-retest reliability calculation, F frontal, CP centroparietal, T temporal