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Table 4 Mean and SD ear movement (mm) from Learners and Poor/Non-learners in the facilitation and skill Phase, and the 95% CI of their mean difference. Estimates from Welch’s t-test and associated degrees of freedom (df) and p-values

From: Development of a training paradigm for voluntary control of the peri-auricular muscles: a feasibility study

  Learners Poor/Non-Learners 95% CI of Mean Difference t-value Df p-value
Mean SD Mean SD Lower Upper    
Facilitation Phase 1.66 0.79 0.62 0.12 0.22 1.87 3.18 5.32 0.022*
Skill Phase 2.44 1.19 0.74 0.27 0.45 2.94 3.36 5.77 0.016*
  1. *statistically significant at p < 0.05