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Table 1 Spatiotemporal variables for the dominant limb (Mean + 95% CI) across all four fore-aft (FA) resistance levels

From: Fore-aft resistance applied at the center of mass using a novel robotic interface proportionately increases propulsive force generation in healthy nonimpaired individuals walking at a constant speed

FA resistance level 10% 15% 20% 25%
Tied belt velocity (m/s) 1.13 [1.11 to 1.16] 1.06(1) [1.02 to 1.11] 1.06(1) [1.03 to 1.08] 1.06(1) [1.02 to 1.09]
Stance time (s) 0.69 [0.66 to 0.72] 0.69 [0.66 to 0.72] 0.67 [0.64 to 0.70] 0.65 (2) [0.63 to 0.68]
Stride time (s) 1.05 [1.00 to 1.09] 1.05 [1.00 to 1.11] 1.02 [0.96 to 1.08] 1.00 [0.95 to 1.06]
Trailing limb angle (o) 24.3 [22.90 to 25.69] 25.4 [23.98 to 26.72] 26.7(1) [24.86 to 28.52] 27.4(1) [24.98 to 29.75]
Leading limb angle (o) −18.4 [−20.7 to −15.97] −17.6 [−19.6 to − 15.48] −15.6(2) [− 17.8 to − 3.31] −12.6(4) [− 16.6 to − 8.49]
  1. Note: All superscripts represent significant post-hoc pairwise comparisons with Bonferroni corrections for each measure