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Table 2 Results on outcome measures

From: Efficacy of a technology-based client-centred training system in neurological rehabilitation: a randomised controlled trial

  Intervention group Within group difference Control group Within group differences
T0 T1 T2 T3 α ≤ 0.025 T0 T1 T2 T3 α ≤ 0.025
n = 24 n = 24 n = 24 n = 23 T0-T2 T2-T3 n = 21 n = 21 n = 21 n = 14 T0-T2 T2-T3
WMFT
 Functional ability 52.00 (39.50–55.00) 51.50 (45.25–59.75) 55.50 (49.25–63.00) 59.00 (51.00–67.00) p = 0.000 p = 0.000 49.00 (43.50–55.50) 51.00 (44.00–62.00) 55.00 (45.00–63.50) 57.50 (51.00–68.75) p = 0.000 p = 0.066
 Time 64.28 (47.65–135.99) 54.11 (41.84–88.91) 53.60 (37.23–85.79) 42.03 (36.01–69.13) p = 0.003 p = 0.002 52.20 (36.12–102.54) 45.63 (29.03–77.19) 43.00 (28.22–82.82) 42.95 (30.90–63.14) p = 0.004 p = 0.050
MAM-36 93.50 (68.50–112.75) 107.00 (79.50–124.50) 112.00 (95.25–130.00) 110.00 (81.00–132.00) p = 0.000 p = 0.711 105.00 (94.50–125.50) 108.00 (97.00–129.50) 107.00 (93.50–128.50) 122.00 (103.00–135.75) p = 0.204 p = 0.016
COPM
 Performance 24.00 (14.25–29.75) NA 29.00 (22.75–33.00) 30.00 (21.00–36.00) p = 0.001 p = 0.041 18.00 (10.50–23.00) NA 20.00 (16.50–30.00) 25.00 (18.50–34.50) p = 0.008 p = 0.011
 Satisfaction 24.50 (15.75–31.00) NA 29.50 (21.25–35.75) 30.50 (19.50–39.50) p = 0.002 p = 0.059 15.00 (8.00–24.00) NA 20.00 (16.00–27.50) 29.00 (19.00–39.00) p = 0.005 p = 0.085
SF-36
 Health change 25.00 (0.00–43.75) 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (6.25–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–75.00) p = 0.178 p = 0.596 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 50.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–56.25) p = 0.305 p = 0.655
 Physical functioning 40.00 (21.25–66.25) 47.50 (31.25–81.25) 52.50 (36.25–81.25) 45.00 (30.00–80.00) p = 0.056 p = 0.913 55.00 (30.00–70.00) 50.00 (30.00–75.00) 55.00 (30.00–80.00) 65.00 (30.00–81.25) p = 0.586 p = 0.161
 Role functioning/physical 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 37.50 (0.00–68.75) 25.00 (0.00–68.75) 25.00 (0.00–75.00) p = 0.977 p = 0.415 25.00 (0.00–62.50) 25.00 (12.50–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 50.00 (0.00–75.00) p = 0.273 p = 0.157
 Role functioning/emotional 100.00 (67.00–100.00) 100.00 (66.70–100.00) 100.00 (33.33–100.00) 100.00 (66.70–100.00) p = 0.504 p = 0.452 100.00 (50.00–100.00) 100.00 (33.30–100.00) 100.00 (33.30–100.00) 100.00 (33.30–100.00) p = 0.397 p = 0.527
 Energy/fatigue 67.50 (60.00–80.00) 70.00 (50.00–80.00) 62.50 (41.25–83.75) 70.00 (50.00–85.00) p = 0.269 p = 0.046 60.00 (47.50–75.00) 65.00 (47.50–75.00) 65.00 (47.50–80.00) 70.00 (53.75–85.00) p = 0.435 p = 0.226
 Emotional well-being 78.00 (68.00–91.00) 80.00 (53.00–92.00) 76.00 (49.00–88.00) 80.00 (56.00–92.00) p = 0.137 p = 0.057 72.00 (64.00–86.00) 80.00 (60.00–86.00- 80.00 (62.00–90.00) 88.00 (63.00–100.00) p = 0.302 p = 0.306
 Social functioning 75.00 (63.00–97.00) 87.50 (62.50–100.00) 87.50 (62.50–100.00) 87.50 (62.50–100.00) p = 0.146 p = 0.836 75.00 (44.00–88.00) 62.50 (62.50–87.50) 62.50 (50.00–87.50) 68.75 (50.00–78.13) p = 0.574 p = 0.932
 Pain 68.00 (47.50–79.50) 73.75 (47.50–89.38) 70.00 (55.63–90.00) 67.50 (55.00–90.00) p = 0.284 p = 0.649 68.00 (46.50–95.00) 67.50 (45.00–100.00) 77.50 (45.00–100.00) 77.50 (67.50–100.00) p = 0.875 p = 0.733
 General health 55.00 (45.00–73.75) 62.50 (35.00–88.75) 57.50 (45.00–83.75) 50.00 (45.00–75.00) p = 0.214 p = 0.188 45.00 (30.00–72.50) 60.00 (37.50–75.00) 55.00 (35.00–72.50) 50.00 (27.50–73.75) p = 0.951 p = 0.305
 MFIS 27.00 (10.50–36.00) 22.00 (10.00–40.00) 25.50 (7.75–39.75) 24.00 (6.00–35.00) p = 0.891 p = 0.570 28.00 (20.50–37.50) 31.00 (19.00–36.50) 33.00 (17.00–39.00) 20.50 (10.75–36.50) p = 0.809 p = 0.514
 TIS 15.00 (13.00–19.00) 17.50 (16.00–21.75) 20.50 (17.00–22.00) 22.00 (16.00–23.00) p = 0.000 p = 0.306 14.00 (11.50–18.50) 17.00 (14.00–20.50) 17.00 (13.50–23.00) 21.00 (16.75–23.00) p = 0.002 p = 0.102
AROM
 Abduction 86.50 (66.25–124.75) 89.00 (75.50–137.00) 97.50 (82.25–131.00) 112.00 (85.00–148.00) p = 0.014 p = 0.025 118.00 (73.50–146.00) 119.00 (68.00–145.00) 114.00 (70.00–140.50) 132.00 (103.50–152.50) p = 0.296 p = 0.298
 Flexion 98.50 (78.25–126.75) 107.50 (87.75–130.50) 108.50 (91.75–131.75) 118.00 (100.00–137.00) p = 0.011 p = 0.046 120.00 (88.50–145.00) 122.00 (107.50–143.00) 123.00 (101.00–141.50) 130.00 (120.75–159.00) p = 0.149 p = 0.006
  1. Data represented as median (interquartile range). p-values from Wilcoxon signed-rank test (2-sided-, significant p-values are indicated in bold font. WMFT Wolf Motor Function Test, FAS Functional Ability Scale, MAM-36 Manual Ability Scale, COPM Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, SF-36 Short Form-36, MFIS Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, TIS Trunk Impairment Scale, AROM Active Range of Motion