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Table 5 Results on outcome measures from post hoc analyses in persons with stroke

From: Efficacy of a technology-based client-centred training system in neurological rehabilitation: a randomised controlled trial

  Intervention group Within group difference Control group Within group difference
T0 T1 T2 T3 α ≤ 0.025 T0 T1 T2 T3 α ≤ 0.025
n = 19 n = 19 n = 19 n = 18 T0-T2 T2-T3 n = 17 n = 17 n = 17 n = 11 T0-T2 T2-T3
WMFT             
 Functional ability 53.00 (38.00–55.00) 52.00 (45.00–60.00) 54.00 (50.00–63.00) 58.00 (52.50–66.00) p = 0.000 p = 0.002 49.00 (41.00–55.50) 53.00 (44.00–62.50) 51.00 (43.50–64.00) 62.00 (51.00–68.00) p = 0.002 p = 0.127
 Time 74.83 (47.93–137.13) 58.82 (43.60–97.15) 54.61 (37.49–87.85) 41.24 (36.60–71.63) p = 0.010 p = 0.008 58.91 (36.12–102.54) 45.63 (29.03–77.19) 42.41 (28.22–82.82) 46.15 (27.54–63.72) p = 0.006 p = 0.025
 MAM-36 94.00 (73.00–115.00) 107.00 (77.00–129.00) 111.00 (102.00–130.00) 110.50 (86.25–124.25) p = 0.000 p = 0.875 106.00 (91.00–124.50) 108.00 (94.00–129.50) 117.00 (89.00–128.50) 123.00 (104.00–135.00) p = 0.463 p = 0.008
COPM             
 Performance 24.00 (15.00–28.00) NA 29.00 (25.00–33.00) 30.00 (22.50–34.50) p = 0.006 p = 0.128 19.00 (13.50–24.00) NA 20.00 (16.50–30.00) 28.00 (17.00–34.00) p = 0.052 p = 0.044
 Satisfaction 24.00 (18.00–31.00) NA 30.00 (22.00–35.00) 31.00 (21.00–40.00) p = 0.005 p = 0.041 19.00 (11.00–26.50) NA 20.00 (16.00–26.00) 27.50 (13.75–39.75) p = 0.018 p = 0.081
SF-36             
 Health change 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–56.25) p = 0.272 p = 1.000 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (12.50–50.00) 50.00 (0.00–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–50.00) p = 0.366 p = 0.317
 Physical functioning 50.00 (25.00–80.00) 50.00 (45.00–90.00) 50.00 (40.00–90.00) 47.50 (35.00–80.00) p = 0.131 p = 0.831 55.00 (32.50–70.00) 50.00 (32.50–80.00) 65.00 (37.50–80.00) 70.00 (50.00–85.00) p = 0.285 p = 0.317
 Role functioning/physical 25.00 (0.00–75.00) 50.00 (0.00–75.00) 25.00 (0.00–75.00) 37.50 (0.00–81.25) p = 0.719 p = 0.633 25.00 (0.00–75.00) 25.00 (25.00–50.00) 25.00 (0.00–50.00) 50.00 (0.00–75.00) p = 0.314 p = 0.102
 Role functioning/emotional 100.00 (67.00–100.00) 100.00 (66.70–100.00) 100.00 (33.33–100.00) 100.00 (58.35–100.00) p = 0.681 p = 0.510 100.00 (33.00–100.00) 100.00 (33.30–100.00) 66.67 (33.33–100.00) 100.00 (33.30–100.00) p = 0.513 p = 1.000
 Energy/fatigue 70.00 (65.00–85.00) 70.00 (55.00–85.00) 65.00 (50.00–85.00) 75.00 (53.75–86.25) p = 0.193 p = 0.146 60.00 (47.50–75.00) 65.00 (47.50–77.50) 65.00 (47.50–82.50) 75.00 (50.00–100.00) p = 0.752 p = 0.683
 Emotional well-being 84.00 (72.00–92.00) 88.00 (64.00–96.00) 76.00 (52.00–92.00) 80.00 (67.00–94.00) p = 0.068 p = 0.073 72.00 (60.00–84.00) 80.00 (58.00–84.00) 80.00 (60.00–88.00) 84.00 (60.00–100.00) p = 0.136 p = 0.465
 Social functioning 75.00 (63.00–100.00) 100.00 (62.50–100.00) 87.50 (62.50–100.00) 100.00 (59.38–100.00) p = 0.360 p = 0.518 63.00 (38.00–88.00) 62.50 (62.50–87.50) 62.50 (50.00–87.50) 75.00 (50.00–87.50) p = 0.868 p = 0.581
 Pain 68.00 (45.00–80.00) 77.50 (55.00–100.00) 77.50 (55.00–90.00) 77.50 (56.88–100.00) p = 0.420 p = 0.529 68.00 (47.50–95.00) 77.50 (51.25–100.00) 77.50 (51.25–100.00) 77.50 (67.50–100.00) p = 0.582 p = 0.414
 General health 60.00 (45.00–80.00) 70.00 (35.00–90.00) 65.00 (45.00–85.00) 50.00 (45.00–78.75) p = 0.255 p = 0.222 60.00 (37.50–75.00) 60.00 (50.00–77.50) 60.00 (40.00–77.50) 65.00 (40.00–85.00) p = 0.509 p = 1.000
 MFIS 26.00 (8.00–36.00) 21.00 (2.00–40.00) 25.00 (5.00–39.00) 22.50 (3.75–32.50) p = 0.879 p = 0.944 27.00 (20.50–35.50) 33.00 (21.50–36.50) 33.00 (18.00–39.00) 16.00 (13.00–38.00) p = 0.410 p = 0.352
 TIS 15.00 (13.00–19.00) 18.00 (16.00–22.00) 20.00 (17.00–22.00) 22.00 (16.00–23.00) p = 0.000 p = 0.527 14.00 (12.50–18.50) 17.00 (13.50–21.00) 17.00 (13.00–22.00) 21.00 (17.00–23.00) p = 0.014 p = 0.102
AROM             
 Abduction 81.00 (66.00–124.00) 88.00 (77.00–138.00) 95.00 (83.00–119.00) 110.00 (84.75–143.50) p = 0.002 p = 0.064 118.00 (73.50–146.00) 119.00 (68.00–149.50) 114.00 (70.00–146.00) 134.00 (116.00–160.00) p = 0.396 p = 0.154
 Flexion 94.00 (78.00–132.00) 104.00 (90.00–131.00) 107.00 (94.00–132.00) 120.50 (101.50–141.25) p = 0.006 p = 0.076 120.00 (87.00–146.50) 122.00 (107.50–147.50) 123.00 (101.00–153.50) 130.00 (122.00–162.00) p = 0.236 p = 0.013
  1. Data represented as median (interquartile range). p-values from Wilcoxon signed-rank test (2-sided-, significant p-values are indicated in bold font. WMFT Wolf Motor Function Test, FAS Functional Ability Scale, MAM-36 Manual Ability Scale, COPM Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, SF-36 Short Form-36, MFIS Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, TIS Trunk Impairment Scale, AROM Active Range of Motion