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  1. Dexterous prosthetic hands that were developed recently, such as SmartHand and i-LIMB, are highly sophisticated; they have individually controllable fingers and the thumb that is able to abduct/adduct. This fl...

    Authors: Strahinja Došen, Christian Cipriani, Miloš Kostić, Marco Controzzi, Maria C Carrozza and Dejan B Popović

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:42

    Content type: Research

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  2. Three-dimensional kinematic analysis equipment is a valuable instrument for studying the execution of movement during functional activities of the upper limbs. The aim of this study was to analyze the kinemati...

    Authors: Ana de los Reyes-Guzmán, Angel Gil-Agudo, Benito Peñasco-Martín, Marta Solís-Mozos, Antonio del Ama-Espinosa and Enrique Pérez-Rizo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:41

    Content type: Research

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  3. Experiencing independent mobility is important for children with a severe movement disability, but learning to drive a powered wheelchair can be labor intensive, requiring hand-over-hand assistance from a skil...

    Authors: Laura Marchal-Crespo, Jan Furumasu and David J Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:40

    Content type: Research

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  4. Studying the changes that occur in motor unit potential trains (MUPTs) may provide insight into the extent of motor unit loss and neural re-organization resulting from nerve compression injury. The purpose of ...

    Authors: Joseph Nashed, Andrew Hamilton-Wright, Daniel W Stashuk, Matthew Faris and Linda McLean

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:39

    Content type: Research

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  5. Entropy when applied to biological signals is expected to reflect the state of the biological system. However the physiological interpretation of the entropy is not always straightforward. When should high ent...

    Authors: Frank G Borg and Gerd Laxåback

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:38

    Content type: Research

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  6. Cerebellar symptoms are extremely disabling and are common in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) subjects. In this feasibility study, we developed and tested a robot therapy protocol, aimed at the rehabilitation of incoo...

    Authors: Elena Vergaro, Valentina Squeri, Giampaolo Brichetto, Maura Casadio, Pietro Morasso, Claudio Solaro and Vittorio Sanguineti

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:37

    Content type: Research

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  7. Following acute therapeutic interventions, the majority of stroke survivors are left with a poorly functioning hemiparetic hand. Rehabilitation robotics has shown promise in providing patients with intensive t...

    Authors: Christopher N Schabowsky, Sasha B Godfrey, Rahsaan J Holley and Peter S Lum

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:36

    Content type: Research

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  8. Quantifying increased joint resistance into its contributing factors i.e. stiffness and viscosity ("hypertonia") and stretch reflexes ("hyperreflexia") is important in stroke rehabilitation. Existing clinical ...

    Authors: Erwin de Vlugt, Jurriaan H de Groot, Kim E Schenkeveld, JHans Arendzen, Frans CT van der Helm and Carel GM Meskers

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:35

    Content type: Research

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  9. Even though feedback is considered to play an important role in learning how to operate a brain-computer interface (BCI), to date no significant influence of feedback design on BCI-performance has been reporte...

    Authors: Álvaro Barbero and Moritz Grosse-Wentrup

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:34

    Content type: Short report

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  10. To improve design of robotic lower limb exoskeletons for gait rehabilitation, it is critical to identify neural mechanisms that govern locomotor adaptation to robotic assistance. Previously, we demonstrated so...

    Authors: Pei-Chun Kao, Cara L Lewis and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:33

    Content type: Research

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  11. Previous studies suggested that γ oscillations in the brain are associated with higher order cognitive function including selective visual attention, motor task planning, sensory perception, working memory and...

    Authors: David Akkurt, Yasemin M Akay and Metin Akay

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:31

    Content type: Research

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  12. Stair climbing up and down is an essential part of everyday's mobility. To enable wheelchair-dependent patients the repetitive practice of this task, a novel gait robot, G-EO-Systems (EO, Lat: I walk), based o...

    Authors: Stefan Hesse, Andreas Waldner and Christopher Tomelleri

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:30

    Content type: Research

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  13. Despite numerous investigations, the impact of tizanidine, an anti-spastic medication, on changes in reflex and muscle mechanical properties in spasticity remains unclear. This study was designed to help us un...

    Authors: Mehdi M Mirbagheri, David Chen and WZev Rymer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:29

    Content type: Research

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  14. Prader-Willi (PWS) and Down Syndrome (DS) are two genetic disorders characterised by some common clinical and functional features. A quantitative description and comparison of their patterns would contribute t...

    Authors: Veronica Cimolin, Manuela Galli, Graziano Grugni, Luca Vismara, Giorgio Albertini, Chiara Rigoldi and Paolo Capodaglio

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:28

    Content type: Research

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  15. The mu event-related desynchronization (ERD) is supposed to reflect motor preparation and appear during motor imagery. The aim of this study is to examine the modulation of ERD with transcranial direct current...

    Authors: Jun Matsumoto, Toshiyuki Fujiwara, Osamu Takahashi, Meigen Liu, Akio Kimura and Junichi Ushiba

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:27

    Content type: Research

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  16. High-frequency trains of electrical stimulation applied over the lower limb muscles can generate forces higher than would be expected from a peripheral mechanism (i.e. by direct activation of motor axons). Thi...

    Authors: Fernando H Magalhães and André F Kohn

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:26

    Content type: Research

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  17. Pharmacological treatment has been advocated as a first line therapy for Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) patients suffering from intermittent claudication. Previous studies document the ability of pharmacolo...

    Authors: Jessie M Huisinga, Iraklis I Pipinos, Jason M Johanning and Nicholas Stergiou

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:25

    Content type: Research

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  18. In this work we consider hidden signs (biomarkers) in ongoing EEG activity expressing epileptic tendency, for otherwise normal brain operation. More specifically, this study considers children with controlled ...

    Authors: Vangelis Sakkalis, Tracey Cassar, Michalis Zervakis, Ciprian D Giurcaneanu, Cristin Bigan, Sifis Micheloyannis, Kenneth P Camilleri, Simon G Fabri, Eleni Karakonstantaki and Kostas Michalopoulos

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:24

    Content type: Research

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  19. Hemiparesis after stroke often leads to impaired ankle motor control that impacts gait function. In recent studies, robotic devices have been developed to address this impairment. While capable of imparting fo...

    Authors: Ira Khanna, Anindo Roy, Mary M Rodgers, Hermano I Krebs, Richard M Macko and Larry W Forrester

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:23

    Content type: Research

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  20. Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is most damaging to an older stroke patient who also has a lower performance in their activities of daily living or those elderly who are still working. The purpose of this stu...

    Authors: Toshiaki Tanaka, Tohru Ifukube, Shunichi Sugihara and Takashi Izumi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:20

    Content type: Research

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  21. This study aimed to examine the usability of a newly designed virtual reality (VR) environment simulating the operation of an automated teller machine (ATM) for assessment and training.

    Authors: Kenneth NK Fong, Kathy YY Chow, Bianca CH Chan, Kino CK Lam, Jeff CK Lee, Teresa HY Li, Elaine WH Yan and Asta TY Wong

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:19

    Content type: Research

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  22. Most falls in older adults are reported during locomotion and tripping has been identified as a major cause of falls. Challenging environments (e.g., walking on slopes) are potential interventions for maintain...

    Authors: Ahsan H Khandoker, Kate Lynch, Chandan K Karmakar, Rezaul K Begg and Marimuthu Palaniswami

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:18

    Content type: Research

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  23. Several groups have shown that the performance of motor neuroprostheses can be significantly improved by detecting specific sensory events related to the ongoing motor task (e.g., the slippage of an object dur...

    Authors: Stanisa Raspopovic, Jacopo Carpaneto, Esther Udina, Xavier Navarro and Silvestro Micera

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:17

    Content type: Research

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  24. Functionality, controllability and cosmetics are the key issues to be addressed in order to accomplish a successful functional substitution of the human hand by means of a prosthesis. Not only the prosthesis s...

    Authors: Giulia C Matrone, Christian Cipriani, Emanuele L Secco, Giovanni Magenes and Maria Chiara Carrozza

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:16

    Content type: Research

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  25. Virtual reality (VR) offers powerful therapy options within a functional, purposeful and motivating context. Several studies have shown that patients' motivation plays a crucial role in determining therapy out...

    Authors: Karin Brütsch, Tabea Schuler, Alexander Koenig, Lukas Zimmerli, Susan Mérillat (-Koeneke), Lars Lünenburger, Robert Riener, Lutz Jäncke and Andreas Meyer-Heim

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:15

    Content type: Research

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  26. In many stroke patients arm function is limited, which can be related to an abnormal coupling between shoulder and elbow joints. The extent to which this can be translated to activities of daily life (ADL), in...

    Authors: Gerdienke B Prange, Michiel JA Jannink, Arno HA Stienen, Herman van der Kooij, Maarten J IJzerman and Hermie J Hermens

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Although robot therapy is progressively becoming an accepted method of treatment for stroke survivors, few studies have investigated how to adapt the robot/subject interaction forces in an automatic way. The p...

    Authors: Elena Vergaro, Maura Casadio, Valentina Squeri, Psiche Giannoni, Pietro Morasso and Vittorio Sanguineti

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. When a cell is exposed to a time-varying magnetic field, this leads to an induced voltage on the cytoplasmic membrane, as well as on the membranes of the internal organelles, such as mitochondria. These potent...

    Authors: Hui Ye, Marija Cotic, Eunji E Kang, Michael G Fehlings and Peter L Carlen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. As physical and cognitive rehabilitation protocols utilizing virtual environments transition from single applications to comprehensive rehabilitation programs there is a need for a new design cycle methodology...

    Authors: Cali M Fidopiastis, Albert A Rizzo and Jannick P Rolland

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:11

    Content type: Research

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  30. The combination of robotic tools with assistance technology determines a slightly explored area of applications and advantages for disability or elder people in their daily tasks. Autonomous motorized wheelcha...

    Authors: Fernando A Auat Cheein, Natalia Lopez, Carlos M Soria, Fernando A di Sciascio, Fernando Lobo Pereira and Ricardo Carelli

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Methods for the calculation and application of quantitative electromyographic (EMG) statistics for the characterization of EMG data detected from forearm muscles of individuals with and without pain associated...

    Authors: Andrew Hamilton-Wright, Linda McLean, Daniel W Stashuk and Kristina M Calder

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Peripheral nerves possess the capacity of self-regeneration after traumatic injury but the extent of regeneration is often poor and may benefit from exogenous factors that enhance growth. The use of cellular s...

    Authors: Sandra Amado, Jorge M Rodrigues, Ana L Luís, Paulo AS Armada-da-Silva, Márcia Vieira, Andrea Gartner, Maria J Simões, António P Veloso, Michele Fornaro, Stefania Raimondo, Artur SP Varejão, Stefano Geuna and Ana C Maurício

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:7

    Content type: Research

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  33. Previous research has shown that body weight support (BWS) has the potential to improve gait speed for individuals post-stroke. However, body weight support also reduces the optimal walking speed at which ener...

    Authors: Jamie K Burgess, Gwendolyn C Weibel and David A Brown

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Aspects of afferent inputs, generally termed proprioception, are being increasingly studied. Extraneous factors such as cutaneous inputs can dramatically interfere while trying to design studies in order to de...

    Authors: Andre Gay, Kimberly Harbst, Kenton R Kaufman, Diana K Hansen, Edward R Laskowski and Richard A Berger

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. obesity is nowadays a pandemic condition. Obese subjects are commonly characterized by musculoskeletal disorders and particularly by non-specific chronic low back pain (cLBP). However, the relationship between...

    Authors: Luca Vismara, Francesco Menegoni, Fabio Zaina, Manuela Galli, Stefano Negrini and Paolo Capodaglio

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. As the number of people requiring orthopaedic intervention is growing, individualized physiotherapeutic rehabilitation and adequate postoperative care becomes increasingly relevant. The chances of improvement ...

    Authors: Fabian Kohler, Thomas Schmitz-Rode and Catherine Disselhorst-Klug

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:2

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  37. The K+ channel blocking aminopyridines greatly improve skeletal muscle isometric contractile performance during low to intermediate stimulation frequencies, making them potentially useful as inotropic agents for ...

    Authors: Erik van Lunteren and Jennifer Pollarine

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2010 7:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Obesity is a major problem especially in western countries and several studies underline the importance of physical activity to enhance diet. Currently there is increasing interest in instruments for monitorin...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Benedetti, Annalisa Di Gioia, Linda Conti, Lisa Berti, Linda Degli Esposti, Giulietta Tarrini, Nazario Melchionda and Sandro Giannini

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Robot-assisted therapy offers a promising approach to neurorehabilitation, particularly for severely to moderately impaired stroke patients. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of intens...

    Authors: Patricia Staubli, Tobias Nef, Verena Klamroth-Marganska and Robert Riener

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Following stroke, patients frequently demonstrate loss of motor control and function and altered kinematic parameters of reaching movements. Feedback is an essential component of rehabilitation and auditory fe...

    Authors: Johanna VG Robertson, Thomas Hoellinger, Påvel Lindberg, Djamel Bensmail, Sylvain Hanneton and Agnès Roby-Brami

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. In the last two decades robot training in neuromotor rehabilitation was mainly focused on shoulder-elbow movements. Few devices were designed and clinically tested for training coordinated movements of the wri...

    Authors: Lorenzo Masia, Maura Casadio, Psiche Giannoni, Giulio Sandini and Pietro Morasso

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:44

    Content type: Research

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  42. Body weight support (BWS) systems on treadmill have been proposed as a strategy for gait training of subjects with stroke. Considering that ground level is the most common locomotion surface and that there is ...

    Authors: Catarina O Sousa, José A Barela, Christiane L Prado-Medeiros, Tania F Salvini and Ana MF Barela

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. The left cerebral hemisphere predominance in human focal epilepsy has been observed in a few studies, however, there is no related systematic study in epileptic animal on hemisphere predominance. The main goal...

    Authors: Yang Xia, Yongxiu Lai, Lei Lei, Yansu Liu and Dezhong Yao

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Forearm surface electromyography (EMG) has been in use since the Sixties to feed-forward control active hand prostheses in a more and more refined way. Recent research shows that it can be used to control even...

    Authors: Claudio Castellini, Angelo Emanuele Fiorilla and Giulio Sandini

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. We hypothesize that the integration of virtual reality (VR) with robot assisted rehabilitation could be successful if applied to children with hemiparetic CP. The combined benefits of increased attention provi...

    Authors: Qinyin Qiu, Diego A Ramirez, Soha Saleh, Gerard G Fluet, Heta D Parikh, Donna Kelly and Sergei V Adamovich

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2009 6:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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