Brown TG: On the nature of the fundamental activity of the nervous centres; together with an analysis of the conditioning of rhythmic activity in progression, and a theory of the evolution of function in the nervous system. J Physiol 1914, 48: 18-46.
Lovely RG, Gregor RJ, Roy RR, Edgerton VR: Effects of training on the recovery of full-weight-bearing stepping in the adult spinal cat. Experimental Neurology 1986, 92: 421-435. 10.1016/0014-4886(86)90094-4
de Leon RD, Hodgson JA, Roy RR, Edgerton VR: Locomotor capacity attributable to step training versus spontaneous recovery after spinalization in adult cats. Journal of Neurophysiology 1998, 79: 1329-1340.
Ferris DP, Gordon KE, Beres-Jones JA, Harkema SJ: Muscle activation during unilateral stepping occurs in the nonstepping limb of humans with clinically complete spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2004, 42: 14-23. 10.1038/sj.sc.3101542
Dietz V, Colombo G, Jensen L, Baumgartner L: Locomotor capacity of spinal cord in paraplegic patients. Ann Neurol 1995, 37: 574-582. 10.1002/ana.410370506
Wernig A, Muller S, Nanassy A, Cagol E: Laufband therapy based on 'rules of spinal locomotion' is effective in spinal cord injured persons. European Journal of Neuroscience 1995, 7: 823-829. 10.1111/j.1460-9568.1995.tb00686.x
Wernig A, Nanassy A, Muller S: Laufband (treadmill) therapy in incomplete paraplegia and tetraplegia. Journal of Neurotrauma 1999, 16: 719-726. 10.1089/neu.1999.16.719
Behrman AL, Harkema SJ: Locomotor training after human spinal cord injury: a series of case studies. Phys Ther 2000, 80: 688-700.
Matsuoka K: Sustained oscillations generated by mutually inhibiting neurons with adaptation. Biological Cybernetics 1985, 52: 367-376. 10.1007/BF00449593
Matsuoka K: Mechanisms of frequency and pattern control in the neural rhythm generators. Biological Cybernetics 1987, 56: 345-353. 10.1007/BF00319514
Sternad D, Dean WJ, Schaal S: Interaction of rhythmic and discrete pattern generators in single-joint movements. Human Movement Science 2000, 19: 627-664. 10.1016/S0167-9457(00)00028-2
Williams CA, DeWeerth SP: A comparison of resonance tuning with positive versus negative sensory feedback. Biol Cybern 2007, 96: 603-614. 10.1007/s00422-007-0150-8
Pelc EH, Daley MA, Ferris DP: Resonant hopping of a robot controlled by an artificial neural oscillator. Bioinspir Biomim 2008, 3: 26001. 10.1088/1748-3182/3/2/026001
Williamson MM: Neural control of rhythmic arm movements. Neural Networks 1998, 11: 1379-1394. 10.1016/S0893-6080(98)00048-3
Williamson MM: Oscillators and crank turning: exploiting natural dynamics with a humanoid robot arm. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 2003, 361: 2207-2223. 10.1098/rsta.2003.1272
Taga G: A model of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system for human locomotion. 2. Real-time adaptability under various constraints. Biological Cybernetics 1995, 73: 113-121. 10.1007/BF00204049
Taga G: A model of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system for human locomotion. 1. Emergence of basic gait. Biological Cybernetics 1995, 73: 97-111. 10.1007/BF00204048
Shik ML, Severin FV, Orlovskii GN: [Control of walking and running by means of electric stimulation of the midbrain]. Biofizika 1966, 11: 659-666.
Steeves JD, Jordan LM: Localization of a descending pathway in the spinal-cord which is necessary for controlled treadmill locomotion. Neuroscience Letters 1980, 20: 283-288. 10.1016/0304-3940(80)90161-5
Taga G, Yamaguchi Y, Shimizu H: Self-organized control of bipedal locomotion by neural oscillators in unpredictable environment. Biological Cybernetics 1991, 65: 147-159. 10.1007/BF00198086
Ijspeert AJ: Central pattern generators for locomotion control in animals and robots: a review. Neural Netw 2008, 21: 642-653. 10.1016/j.neunet.2008.03.014
Zehr EP, Duysens J: Regulation of arm and leg movement during human locomotion. Neuroscientist 2004, 10: 347-361. 10.1177/1073858404264680
Ferris DP, Huang HJ, Kao PC: Moving the arms to activate the legs. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2006, 34: 113-120. 10.1249/00003677-200607000-00005
Huang HJ, Ferris DP: Neural coupling between upper and lower limbs during recumbent stepping. J Appl Physiol 2004, 97: 1299-1308. 10.1152/japplphysiol.01350.2003
Huang HJ, Ferris DP: Upper and lower limb muscle activation is bidirectionally and ipsilaterally coupled. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009, 41: 1778-1789. 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819f75a7
Kao PC, Ferris DP: The effect of movement frequency on interlimb coupling during recumbent stepping. Motor Control 2005, 9: 144-163.
Huang HJ, Ferris DP: Upper limb effort does not increase maximal voluntary muscle activation in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury. Clin Neurophysiol 2009, 120: 1741-1749. 10.1016/j.clinph.2009.07.038
Kawashima N, Nozaki D, Abe MO, Nakazawa K: Shaping appropriate locomotive motor output through interlimb neural pathway within spinal cord in humans. J Neurophysiol 2008, 99: 2946-2955. 10.1152/jn.00020.2008
Stephenson JL, De Serres SJ, Lamontagne A: The effect of arm movements on the lower limb during gait after a stroke. Gait & Posture 2010, 31: 109-115.
Visintin M, Barbeau H: The effects of parallel bars, body weight support and speed on the modulation of the locomotor pattern of spastic paretic gait. A preliminary communication. Paraplegia 1994, 32: 540-553.
Alexander RM: Simple models of human movement. Applied Mechanics Reviews 1995, 48: 461-470. 10.1115/1.3005107
Dietz V: Do human bipeds use quadrupedal coordination? Trends Neurosci 2002, 25: 462-467. 10.1016/S0166-2236(02)02229-4
Miller S, Van Der Burg J, Van Der Meche F: Coordination of movements of the kindlimbs and forelimbs in different forms of locomotion in normal and decerebrate cats. Brain Res 1975, 91: 217-237. 10.1016/0006-8993(75)90544-2
English AW, Tigges J, Lennard PR: Anatomical organization of long ascending propriospinal neurons in the cat spinal cord. J Comp Neurol 1985, 240: 349-358. 10.1002/cne.902400403
Akay T, McVea DA, Tachibana A, Pearson KG: Coordination of fore and hind leg stepping in cats on a transversely-split treadmill. Exp Brain Res 2006, 175: 211-222. 10.1007/s00221-006-0542-3
Juvin L, Simmers J, Morin D: Propriospinal circuitry underlying interlimb coordination in mammalian quadrupedal locomotion. J Neurosci 2005, 25: 6025-6035. 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0696-05.2005
Armatas CA, Summers JJ, Bradshaw JL: Mirror movements in normal adult subjects. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 1994, 16: 405-413. 10.1080/01688639408402651
Mayston MJ, Harrison LM, Stephens JA: A neurophysiological study of mirror movements in adults and children. Annals of Neurology 1999, 45: 583-594. 10.1002/1531-8249(199905)45:5<583::AID-ANA6>3.0.CO;2-W
Aranyi Z, Rosler KM: Effort-induced mirror movements. A study of transcallosal inhibition in humans. Exp Brain Res 2002, 145: 76-82. 10.1007/s00221-002-1101-1
Zijdewind I, Kernell D: Bilateral interactions during contractions of intrinsic hand muscles. J Neurophysiol 2001, 85: 1907-1913.
Addamo PK, Farrow M, Hoy KE, Bradshaw JL, Georgiou-Karistianis N: The effects of age and attention on motor overflow production--A review. Brain Res Rev 2007, 54: 189-204. 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.01.004
Mills VM, Quintana L: Electromyography results of exercise overflow in hemiplegic patients. Phys Ther 1985, 65: 1041-1045.
Panin N, Lindenauer HJ, Weiss AA, Ebel A: Electromyographic evaluation of the "cross exercise" effect. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1961, 42: 47-52.