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  1. Content type: Research

    Although there is a great deal of success in rehabilitative robotics applied to patient recovery post stroke, most of the research to date has dealt with providing physical assistance. However, new rehabilitat...

    Authors: Maja J Matarić, Jon Eriksson, David J Feil-Seifer and Carolee J Winstein

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2007 4:5

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  2. Content type: Methodology

    Robot-mediated therapies offer entirely new approaches to neurorehabilitation. In this paper we present the results obtained from trialling the GENTLE/S neurorehabilitation system assessed using the upper limb...

    Authors: Farshid Amirabdollahian, Rui Loureiro, Elizabeth Gradwell, Christine Collin, William Harwin and Garth Johnson

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2007 4:4

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  3. Content type: Research

    Motivation is an important factor in rehabilitation and frequently used as a determinant of rehabilitation outcome. Several factors can influence patient motivation and so improve exercise adherence. This pape...

    Authors: Roberto Colombo, Fabrizio Pisano, Alessandra Mazzone, Carmen Delconte, Silvestro Micera, M Chiara Carrozza, Paolo Dario and Giuseppe Minuco

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2007 4:3

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  4. Content type: Methodology

    Gait restoration is an integral part of rehabilitation of brain lesioned patients. Modern concepts favour a task-specific repetitive approach, i.e. who wants to regain walking has to walk, while tone-inhibitin...

    Authors: Henning Schmidt, Cordula Werner, Rolf Bernhardt, Stefan Hesse and Jörg Krüger

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2007 4:2

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  5. Content type: Review

    Development and increasing acceptance of rehabilitation robots as well as advances in technology allow new forms of therapy for patients with neurological disorders. Robot-assisted gait therapy can increase th...

    Authors: Lars Lünenburger, Gery Colombo and Robert Riener

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2007 4:1

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  6. Content type: Methodology

    In gait analysis, walking is assumed to be periodic for the sake of simplicity, despite the fact that, strictly speaking, it can only approximate periodicity and, as such, may be referred to as pseudo-periodic...

    Authors: Fabrizio Pecoraro, Claudia Mazzà, Mounir Zok and Aurelio Cappozzo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:28

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  7. Content type: Research

    Hybrid muscle activation is a modality used for muscle force enhancement, in which muscle contraction is generated from two different excitation sources: volitional and external, by means of electrical stimula...

    Authors: Eran Langzam, Eli Isakov and Joseph Mizrahi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:27

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  8. Content type: Research

    Net agonist muscle strength is in part determined by the degree of antagonist co-activation. The level of co-activation might vary in different neurological disorders causing weakness or might vary with agonis...

    Authors: Monica E Busse, Charles M Wiles and Robert WM van Deursen

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:26

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  9. Content type: Methodology

    The design of an optimal neuroprostheses controller and its clinical use presents several challenges. First, the physiological system is characterized by highly inter-subjects varying properties and also by no...

    Authors: Alessandra Pedrocchi, Simona Ferrante, Elena De Momi and Giancarlo Ferrigno

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:25

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2007 4:9

  10. Content type: Research

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been widely used in studying human brain functions and neurorehabilitation. In order to develop complex and well-controlled fMRI paradigms, interfaces that can ...

    Authors: Azadeh Khanicheh, Andrew Muto, Christina Triantafyllou, Brian Weinberg, Loukas Astrakas, Aria Tzika and Constantinos Mavroidis

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:24

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  11. Content type: Research

    The Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) has been employed as a measure of functional capacity, but its relationship to cardiorespiratory fitness in stroke is not well established. Gait speed measured over short distan...

    Authors: Ada Tang, Kathryn M Sibley, Mark T Bayley, William E McIlroy and Dina Brooks

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:23

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  12. Content type: Research

    During daily activities, the active control of balance often is a task per se (for example, when standing in a moving bus). Other constraints like fatigue can add to the complexity of this balance task. In the...

    Authors: Martin Simoneau, François Bégin and Normand Teasdale

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:22

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  13. Content type: Research

    There is currently a paucity of devices available for continuous, long-term monitoring of human joint motion. Non-invasive, inexpensive devices capable of recording human activity and joint motion have many ap...

    Authors: James Huddleston, Amer Alaiti, Dov Goldvasser, Donna Scarborough, Andrew Freiberg, Harry Rubash, Henrik Malchau, William Harris and David Krebs

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:21

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  14. Content type: Research

    Mechanical guidance with a robotic device is a candidate technique for teaching people desired movement patterns during motor rehabilitation, surgery, and sports training, but it is unclear how effective this ...

    Authors: J Liu, S C Cramer and DJ Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:20

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  15. Content type: Research

    The aim of the study was to assess the attentional requirements of steady state treadmill walking in human subjects using a dual task paradigm. The extent of decrement of a secondary (cognitive) RT task provid...

    Authors: Jean Philippe Regnaux, Johanna Robertson, Djamel Ben Smail, Olivier Daniel and Bernard Bussel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:19

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  16. Content type: Research

    Development of reliable and objective evaluation methods is required, particularly for natural and goal-oriented upper-extremity tasks. Three-dimensional imaging measurement techniques have turned out to be a ...

    Authors: Margit Alt Murphy, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Bo Johnels and Carin Willén

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:18

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  17. Content type: Research

    The presence of abnormal muscle activation patterns is a well documented factor limiting the motor rehabilitation of patients following stroke. These abnormal muscle activation patterns, or synergies, have pre...

    Authors: Nathan Neckel, Marlena Pelliccio, Diane Nichols and Joseph Hidler

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:17

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  18. Content type: Methodology

    Breath – holding (BH) is a suitable method for inducing cerebral vasomotor reactivity (VMR). The assessment of VMR is of clinical importance for the early detection of risk conditions and for the follow-up of ...

    Authors: Filippo Molinari, William Liboni, Gianfranco Grippi and Emanuela Negri

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:16

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  19. Content type: Research

    Surface electromyography (EMG) parameters such as root-mean-square value (RMS) are commonly used to assess the muscle activation level that is imposed by the central nervous system (CNS). However, RMS is influ...

    Authors: Laura AC Kallenberg and Hermie J Hermens

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:15

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  20. Content type: Research

    Silent aspiration or the inhalation of foodstuffs without overt physiological signs presents a serious health issue for children with dysphagia. To date, there are no reliable means of detecting aspiration in ...

    Authors: Joon Lee, Stefanie Blain, Mike Casas, Dave Kenny, Glenn Berall and Tom Chau

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:14

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  21. Content type: Research

    Providing active assistance to complete desired arm movements is a common technique in upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke. Such active assistance may improve recovery by affecting somatosensory input,...

    Authors: Leonard E Kahn, Michele L Zygman, W Zev Rymer and David J Reinkensmeyer

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:12

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  22. Content type: Review

    The original use of biofeedback to train single muscle activity in static positions or movement unrelated to function did not correlate well to motor function improvements in patients with central nervous syst...

    Authors: He Huang, Steven L Wolf and Jiping He

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:11

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  23. Content type: Short report

    The cervical muscles are considered a potential site of whiplash injury, and there is a need to understand the cervical muscle response under non-conventional whiplash impact scenarios, including variable body...

    Authors: Shrawan Kumar, Robert Ferrari, Yogesh Narayan and Edgar Vieira

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:10

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  24. Content type: Research

    Spaceflight has been shown to cause atrophy, reduced functional capacity, and increased fatigue in lower-limb skeletal muscles. The mechanisms of these losses are not fully understood but are thought to result...

    Authors: Mark C Pierre, Kerim O Genc, Micah Litow, Brad Humphreys, Andrea J Rice, Christian C Maender and Peter R Cavanagh

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:8

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  25. Content type: Research

    The assessment of the accuracy of the pose estimation of human bones and consequent joint kinematics is of primary relevance in human movement analysis. This study evaluated the performance of selected pose es...

    Authors: Andrea Cereatti, Ugo Della Croce and Aurelio Cappozzo

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:7

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  26. Content type: Review

    Over the centuries the evolution of methods for the capture of human movement has been motivated by the need for new information on the characteristics of normal and pathological human movement. This study was...

    Authors: Lars Mündermann, Stefano Corazza and Thomas P Andriacchi

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:6

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  27. Content type: Review

    Brand's four reasons for clinical tests and his analysis of the characteristics of valid biomechanical tests for use in orthopaedics are taken as a basis for determining what methodologies are required for gai...

    Authors: Richard Baker

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:4

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  28. Content type: Research

    Powered lower limb orthoses could reduce therapist labor during gait rehabilitation after neurological injury. However, it is not clear how patients respond to powered assistance during stepping. Patients migh...

    Authors: Gregory S Sawicki, Antoinette Domingo and Daniel P Ferris

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:3

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  29. Content type: Research

    In understanding how the human body perceives and responds to small slip-like motions, information on how one senses the slip is essential. The effect of aging and plantar sensory loss on detection of a slip c...

    Authors: Samantha J Richerson, Scott M Morstatt, Kristopher K O'Neal, Gloria Patrick and Charles J Robinson

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:2

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  30. Content type: Commentary

    The general objective of the "Rehabilitation Medicine Summit: Building Research Capacity" was to advance and promote research in medical rehabilitation by making recommendations to expand research capacity. Th...

    Authors: Walter R Frontera, Marcus J Fuhrer, Alan M Jette, Leighton Chan, Rory A Cooper, Pamela W Duncan, John D Kemp, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, P Hunter Peckham, Elliot J Roth and Denise G Tate

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006 3:1

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  31. Content type: Research

    The peak-to-peak (P-P) amplitude of the maximum M-wave and the area of the negative phase of the curve are important measures that serve as methodological controls in H-reflex studies, motor unit number estima...

    Authors: Kristina M Calder, Lesley-Ann Hall, Steve M Lester, J Greig Inglis and David A Gabriel

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:33

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  32. Content type: Research

    Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is a common syndrome in which a patient fails to report or respond to stimulation from the side of space opposite a brain lesion, where these symptoms are not due to primary se...

    Authors: Toshiaki Tanaka, Shunichi Sugihara, Hiroyuki Nara, Shuichi Ino and Tohru Ifukube

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:31

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  33. Content type: Research

    Almost 10% of all individuals who are legally blind also have a mobility impairment. The majority of these individuals are dependent on others for mobility. The Smart Power Assistance Module (SPAM) for manual ...

    Authors: Richard Simpson, Edmund LoPresti, Steve Hayashi, Songfeng Guo, Dan Ding, William Ammer, Vinod Sharma and Rory Cooper

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:30

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  34. Content type: Research

    The present study investigates balance control mechanisms, their variations with the absence of visual input, and their development in children from 7 to 11 years old, in order to provide insights on the devel...

    Authors: Maurizio Schmid, Silvia Conforto, Luisa Lopez, Paolo Renzi and Tommaso D'Alessio

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:29

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  35. Content type: Research

    To study the effects of reduced lighting on the gait of older adults with a high level gait disorder (HLGD) and to compare their response to that of healthy elderly controls.

    Authors: Anat Kesler, Gregory Leibovich, Talia Herman, Leor Gruendlinger, Nir Giladi and Jeffrey M Hausdorff

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:27

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  36. Content type: Research

    Little information exists about the involvement of attention in the control of gait rhythmicity. Variability of both stride time and stride length is closely related to the control of the rhythmic stepping mec...

    Authors: Olivier Beauchet, Véronique Dubost, François R Herrmann and Reto W Kressig

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:26

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  37. Content type: Research

    The stride interval in healthy human gait fluctuates from step to step in a random manner and scaling of the interstride interval time series motivated previous investigators to conclude that this time series ...

    Authors: Bruce J West and Miroslaw Latka

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:24

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  38. Content type: Research

    The ability to maintain a steady gait rhythm is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This aspect of locomotor dyscontrol, which likely reflects impaired automaticity in PD, can be quantified by ...

    Authors: Silvi Frenkel-Toledo, Nir Giladi, Chava Peretz, Talia Herman, Leor Gruendlinger and Jeffrey M Hausdorff

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:23

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  39. Content type: Methodology

    Variability in quantitative gait data arises from many potential sources, including natural temporal dynamics of neuromotor control, pathologies of the neurological or musculoskeletal systems, the effects of a...

    Authors: Tom Chau, Scott Young and Sue Redekop

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:22

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  40. Content type: Research

    Decreased gait speed and increased stride time, stride length, double support time, and stance time variability have consistently been associated with falling whereas step width variability has not been strong...

    Authors: Jennifer S Brach, Jaime E Berlin, Jessie M VanSwearingen, Anne B Newman and Stephanie A Studenski

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:21

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  41. Content type: Research

    Gait is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD), but gait dynamics in mouse models of PD and HD have not been described. Here we quantified temporal and spatial indices...

    Authors: Ivo Amende, Ajit Kale, Scott McCue, Scott Glazier, James P Morgan and Thomas G Hampton

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:20

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  42. Content type: Commentary

    The study of gait variability, the stride-to-stride fluctuations in walking, offers a complementary way of quantifying locomotion and its changes with aging and disease as well as a means of monitoring the eff...

    Authors: Jeffrey M Hausdorff

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:19

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  43. Content type: Research

    The majority of current portable orthotic devices and rehabilitative braces provide stability, apply precise pressure, or help maintain alignment of the joints with out the capability for real time monitoring ...

    Authors: Constantinos Mavroidis, Jason Nikitczuk, Brian Weinberg, Gil Danaher, Katherine Jensen, Philip Pelletier, Jennifer Prugnarola, Ryan Stuart, Roberto Arango, Matt Leahey, Robert Pavone, Andrew Provo and Dan Yasevac

    Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2005 2:18

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